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Civil War Timeline / Chronology for March 1865

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Year1860 1861 1862 1863 1864 1865 1866 1867 1868 1869
January, 1865 May, 1865 September, 1865
February, 1865 June, 1865 October, 1865
March, 1865 July, 1865 November, 1865
April, 1865 August, 1865 December, 1865
March 2, 1865 Battle of Waynesborough

George Armstrong Custer [US] defeats Jubal Early [CS]
Virginia
  George Armstrong Custer
  Jubal Anderson Early
March 2, 1865 Robert E. Lee sends a message to Ulysess S. Grant asking for a conference to "iron out differences" between the North and the South.
  Robert E. Lee
  Ulysses S. Grant
March 3, 1865 Freedman's Bureau established
March 3, 1865 Abraham Lincoln issues instructions on surrender discussions. He gives Grant wide-ranging powers on military matters, but reserves political matters for himself
  Abraham Lincoln
  Ulysses S. Grant
March 4, 1865 Lincoln outlines his second term talking directly to the Confederate people "...with malice toward none; with charity for all..." Andrew Johnson, replacing Henry Hamlin as Vice-president gives a rambling, drunk speech. He had been given too much whiskey as medicine by a doctor.
  Abraham Lincoln
  Andrew Johnson
  Lincoln's Second Inaugural Speech [Full Text]
March 4, 1865 "Parson" Brownlow is elected the first post-war governor of Tennessee Tennessee
March 8, 1865
March 10, 1865
Battle of Kinston North Carolina
March 10, 1865 Now near Fayetteville, North Carolina, the major impediment to Sherman's Army march north was rain. North Carolina
  William Tecumseh Sherman
March 11, 1865 Sherman captures Fayetteville North Carolina
  William Tecumseh Sherman
March 13, 1865 Confederacy allows the induction of "negro soldiers." The measure did not state that blacks who fought for the Confederacy would be free, although that was apparently the understanding
March 14, 1865 General Jacob Cox occupies Kinston North Carolina
March 16, 1865 Battle of Averasborough (Taylor's Hole)

William Hardee tries to halt the federal advance near this small town. Slocum easily turned his flank.
North Carolina
  Lafayette McLaws
  William Hardee
March 19, 1865
March 21, 1865
Battle of Bentonville

William Hardee, D. H. Hill and A. P. Stewart combine to attack Slocum's wing on the federal advance. In spite of initial gains they are repulsed. Sherman reinforces Slocum on the second day and Slocum nearly enveloped the Confederate forces on the third day.
North Carolina
  Lafayette McLaws
  Joseph E. Johnston
  William Tecumseh Sherman
  William Hardee
  Daniel Harvey Hill
March 22, 1865 Major General James Wilson [US] begins a "raid" in Selma. Alabama
March 23, 1865 Abraham Lincoln leaves Washington for Ulysses S. Grant's headquarters in City Point. Virginia
  Abraham Lincoln
March 25, 1865 Battle of Fort Stedman

Confederates break Union line at Petersburg

General John B. Gordon captured Fort Stedman, a Union outpost on the line around besieged Petersburg, eventually punching a hole 3/4 of mile wide. Confederate units then made a desperate attempt to hit the federal supply base at City Point. With overwhelming force the federal troops turned back the advance, recaptured the fort and retook the lines
Virginia
  Siege of Petersburg
March 27, 1865 Battle of Spanish Fort Alabama
March 27, 1865 Lincoln held a council of war with Ulysses S. Grant, William Tecumseh Sherman, and David Porter on the River Queen at City Point
  Abraham Lincoln
  Ulysses S. Grant
  William Tecumseh Sherman
  David Porter
March 30, 1865 As Ulysses S. Grant extends his lines east of Richmond, Phil Sheridan's cavalry, along with some infantry support, come in contact with the Confederate right flank at Dinwiddie Court House.
  Ulysses S. Grant
  Philip Sheridan
March 31, 1865 Battle of White Oak Road Virginia
  Siege of Petersburg
March 31, 1865 Battle of Dinwiddle Court House

In a tactical victory for the Confederates, George Pickett [CS] turns back Phil Sheridan cavalry and elements of the Fifth Corps.
Virginia
  George Pickett
  Philip Sheridan
January, 1865 May, 1865 September, 1865
February, 1865 June, 1865 October, 1865
March, 1865 July, 1865 November, 1865
April, 1865 August, 1865 December, 1865

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