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Civil War Timeline / Chronology for July 1864

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Civil War Navidater
Century000's 1700's 1800's 1900's 2000's
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Year1860 1861 1862 1863 1864 1865 1866 1867 1868 1869
January, 1864 May, 1864 September, 1864
February, 1864 June, 1864 October, 1864
March, 1864 July, 1864 November, 1864
April, 1864 August, 1864 December, 1864
July 1, 1864 Abraham Lincoln appoints William Pitt Fessenden, Senator from Maine, as Secretary of the Treasury. He is immediately confirmed
July 1, 1864 Already passed in the U. S. House, the Senate approves the Wade-Davis Reconstruction Bill 26-3 with 20 abstentions. Lincoln will pocket veto the bill. Radical Republicans had been unhappy with Reconstruction efforts in Louisiana and Arkansas requiring 10 per cent of previous voters approval to restore a state
  Republican Party
July 2, 1864 Joe Johnston evacuates his Kennesaw Mountain position and moves to the Smyrna Line Georgia
July 2, 1864 U. S. Senate grants a charter to the Northern Pacific Railroad
July 4, 1864 "Retreating Joe" Johnston, as he is now called in the Richmond papers, withdraws to his previously prepared Chattahoochee Line Georgia
July 4, 1864 Battle of Helena Arkansas
July 5, 1864 Horace Greeley receives a letter with a Confederate proposal for peace negotiations to be held in Canada. He forwards the letter to President Lincoln
July 5, 1864 Jubal Early [CS] crosses the Potomac River at Harper's Ferry and enters Maryland with a division of men. He begins heading east to Washington
  Jubal Early's Raid on Washington D. C.
July 6, 1864 Federal commanders in Washington D. C. begin recalling troops to defend the city from Jubal Early
  Jubal Early's Raid on Washington D. C.
  Washington D. C.
July 7, 1864 Congress appropriates $2 million for restoration of Ford's Theater
  Ford's Theater
July 8, 1864 Army of the Ohio under General John Schofield [US] crosses the Chattahoochee River at Sope (Soap) Creek Georgia
July 9, 1864 Battle of the Monocacy

General Lew Wallace [US] with an irregular force of 6,000 men is routed by Jubal Early's 10,000 man battle-hardened division
Maryland
  Jubal Early's Raid on Washington D. C.
  Jubal Anderson Early
  Lew Wallace
July 11, 1864 Jubal Early reaches Washington D. C. suburbs. In the past few days, however, more than 20,000 Union soldiers from various commands have arrived to defend the city. Commanding the Union forces are Generals Quincy Gillmore and Horatio Wright.
  Jubal Anderson Early
  Jubal Early's Raid on Washington D. C.
  Washington D. C.
July 12, 1864 Jubal Early withdraws from Washington D. C.
  Jubal Early's Raid on Washington D. C.
  Washington D. C.
July 14, 1864 Battle of Tupelo or Harrisburg

General A. J. Smith [US] repulses repeated, uncoordinated attacks by Generals Stephen D. Lee [CS] and Nathan Bedford Forrest [CS], who retire at noon. Smith, short of supplies, withdraws to Memphis the following day.
Mississippi
July 14, 1864 Crossing the Potomac at White's Ford near Leesburg, Jubal Early's division returns to Virginia Virginia
July 16, 1864 General Jubal Early [CS] leaves Leesburg and heads west to the Shenandoah Valley.
  Jubal Early's Raid on Washington D. C.
July 17, 1864 General Joseph E. Johnston relieved of command of the Army of Tennessee. John Bell Hood replaces him. Georgia
  Joseph E. Johnston
  John Bell Hood
  Atlanta Campaign
July 18, 1864 Horace Greeley is sent to Canada to negotiate an end to the Civil War. Lincoln gives him broad powers to come to a settlement, only requiring that it include the restoration of the Union and a renunciation of slavery. The Confederates would not accept these conditions
July 20, 1864 Battle of Peachtree Creek

John Bell Hood [CS] attacks George Thomas after he crosses Peachtree Creek.
Georgia
  John Bell Hood
  George Thomas
  Atlanta Campaign
July 22, 1864 Battle of Atlanta
Hood's Second Sortie

Major General William Hardee [CS] hits James McPherson's [US] line from the south while Major General B. F. Cheatham [CS] attacks his corps along its wide front. In spite of McPherson's death the Union wins the battle
Georgia
  Atlanta Campaign
  William Hardee
  Battle of Atlanta
  Benjamin Franklin Cheatham
July 22, 1864 During the Battle of Atlanta, Major General James McPherson, commander of the Army of the Tennessee is killed when he accidently crosses Confederate lines.
  Generals Who Died In the Civil War
  Army of the Tennessee
  Battle of Atlanta
July 22, 1864 Major General W. H. T. Walker is killed by Union forces while scouting a position before the Battle of Atlanta
  Generals Who Died In the Civil War
  Battle of Atlanta
July 24, 1864 Second battle of Kernstown

Jubal Early's [CS] move to the Shenandoah Valley is blocked by George Crook [US], at least for a while. After a violent assault on the Union left by John Breckinridge the federal line broke and pulled back to Harpers Ferry
Virginia
  Jubal Anderson Early
  Rutherford B. Hayes
  John Breckinridge
  Harpers Ferry
July 26, 1864 W. T. Sherman appoints O. O. Howard commander of the Army of the Tennessee
  William Tecumseh Sherman
  Atlanta Campaign
  Army of the Tennessee
July 26, 1864 General George Stoneman leaves from Kennesaw Mountain to raid Macon, Georgia Georgia
July 28, 1864 Fugitive slave laws abolished
July 28, 1864 Battle of Ezra Church Georgia
  Atlanta Campaign
July 30, 1864 Battle of the Crater or Crater Battle

After blowing explosives at the end of a 586-foot tunnel which in turn ignited four magazines, Union troops advance to the Crater at Petersburg. After 4 hours, though, they are forced to withdraw.
Virginia
  Siege of Petersburg
  Ambrose Burnside
January, 1864 May, 1864 September, 1864
February, 1864 June, 1864 October, 1864
March, 1864 July, 1864 November, 1864
April, 1864 August, 1864 December, 1864

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Year1860 1861 1862 1863 1864 1865 1866 1867 1868 1869

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