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Civil War Timeline / Chronology for May 1864

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Year1860 1861 1862 1863 1864 1865 1866 1867 1868 1869
January, 1864 May, 1864 September, 1864
February, 1864 June, 1864 October, 1864
March, 1864 July, 1864 November, 1864
April, 1864 August, 1864 December, 1864
May 1, 1864 Federal troops return to Alexandria. Heavy skirmishing will continue for days. Louisiana
  Red River Campaign
May 4, 1864 The final Spring Campaign of the Civil War began as the Army of the Potomac crossed the Rapidan River in Virginia and three smaller armys (Ohio, Tennessee and Cumberland) pushed deeper into Georgia. Georgia
Virginia
  Army of the Potomac
  Army of the Cumberland
  Army of the Tennessee
  Army of the Ohio
May 4, 1864 The radical Wade-Davis Reconstruction Act passes in the U. S. House.
May 5, 1864
May 7, 1864
Battle of the Wilderness

Ulysses S. Grant [US] is badly beaten on the field by Robert E. Lee [CS] but rather than retreat, Grant advances to Spotsylvania Court House.

Union: 17,666

Confederate: 7,750
Virginia
  Bloodiest Civil War battles
  Robert E. Lee
  Ulysses S. Grant
  Army of Northern Virginia
  Overland Campaign
  James Longstreet
  Winfield Scott Hancock
  A. P. Hill
  Richard Ewell
  Gouverneur K. Warren
  John Sedgwick
May 5, 1864 Army of the James under General Benjamin Butler [US] lands at Bermuda Hundred and City Point, east of Petersburg. The Army is comprised of two corps totaling nearly 40,000 men. Virginia
  Benjamin Butler
  Quincy A. Gillmore
  William Farrar Smith
May 5, 1864 William W. Averill [US] leaves Logan Court House with orders to destroy the the Virginia and Tennessee Railroad West Virginia
May 6, 1864 A half-hearted attack by the Army of the James on the Southside Railroad is repulsed by George Pickett [CS] Virginia
  George Pickett
  Army of the James
May 6, 1864 In the first engagement of the Atlanta Campaign, a division from the Army of the Cumberland strikes a Confederate regiment at Tunnel Hill and easily overpowers the outnumbered Rebels.
  Atlanta Campaign
  Western and Atlantic Railroad
May 7, 1864
May 11, 1864
Battle of Rocky Face Ridge (Dalton)
Battle of Dug Gap
Georgia
  George Thomas
  Joseph E. Johnston
  Atlanta Campaign
May 7, 1864 Army of the James briefly siezes the Richmond and Petersburg Railroad before retiring
  Army of the James
May 8, 1864
May 19, 1864
Battle of Spotsylvania Court House

In an inconclusive battle, General Ulysses S. Grant [US] and Robert E. Lee [CS] battle for days southwest of Fredericksburg

Union 18,399
Confederate 9,000
Virginia
  Robert E. Lee
  Ulysses S. Grant
  Bloodiest Civil War battles
  Army of Northern Virginia
  Overland Campaign
  Richard Ewell
May 9, 1864
May 24, 1864
Sheridan's Raid on Richmond Virginia
  Sheridans Raid on Richmond
  Richmond, Virginia
May 9, 1864 General John Sedgwick [US] is killed by a Confederate sharpshooter during the battle of Spotsylvania. He is replaced by Horatio Wright
  Generals Who Died In the Civil War
  John Sedgwick
May 9, 1864 Coming out of Snake Creek Gap, General James McPherson runs into a Rebel force at Resaca that was stronger than expected. He returns to the gap rather than attack. Georgia
  Atlanta Campaign
  James McPherson
May 9, 1864 Stephen D. Lee [CS] is ordered to take command of the Department of Alabama, Mississippi and East Louisiana, but there is little to command.
May 9, 1864 Battle of Cloyd's Mountain Virginia
  Rutherford B. Hayes
May 11, 1864 Battle of Yellow Tavern

J. E. B. Stuart [CS] is mortally wounded in losing to Phillip Sheridan
Virginia
  Overland Campaign
  Philip Sheridan
  J. E. B. Stuart
  Sheridans Raid on Richmond
  George Armstrong Custer
May 13, 1864 First soldier interred at Arlington National Cemetery Virginia
  Civil War National Cemeteries
  Civil War Firsts
May 13, 1864
May 15, 1864
Battle of Resaca Georgia
  George Thomas
  William Tecumseh Sherman
  Joseph E. Johnston
  Atlanta Campaign
  Battle of Resaca
  Leonidas Polk
  William Hardee
  James McPherson
May 15, 1864 Battle of New Market

Major General John Breckinridge [CS], using a ragtag force that included VMI cadets attacked Franz Sigel's [US] line near the north fork of the Shenandoah River. Sigel eventually withdrew to Strasburg.
Virginia
  John Breckinridge
May 17, 1864 Battle of Adairsville Georgia
  Atlanta Campaign
May 18, 1864 Skirmish at Woodlands (Barnsley Gardens and Resort) Georgia
  Atlanta Campaign
May 19, 1864 Congress passes legislation creating the Official Records.
  Official Records
May 20, 1864 President Lincoln signs the legislation creating the Official Records
  Official Records
  Abraham Lincoln
May 25, 1864 Battle of New Hope Church

"Fighting Joe" Hooker runs into John Bell Hood's entrenched line in Paulding County
Georgia
  Joseph Hooker
  Atlanta Campaign
  Joseph E. Johnston
  John Bell Hood
May 26, 1864 Territory of Montana is formed from the Territory of Idaho
May 27, 1864 Battle of Picketts Mill Georgia
  George Thomas
  Joseph E. Johnston
  William Tecumseh Sherman
  Atlanta Campaign
  Oliver O. Howard
May 28, 1864 Battle of Dallas Georgia
  Atlanta Campaign
May 31, 1864
June 12, 1864
Battle of Cold Harbor

Robert E. Lee [CS] defeats General Ulysses S. Grant [US] and General George Meade [US]
Virginia
  Army of Northern Virginia
  Robert E. Lee
  George Meade
  Ulysses S. Grant
  Gouverneur K. Warren
May 31, 1864 A small convention in Cleveland of Republican abolitionists unhappy with Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation and other things, nominates John C. Fremont for president. Ohio
  John C. Fremont
  Election of 1864
  Republican Party
January, 1864 May, 1864 September, 1864
February, 1864 June, 1864 October, 1864
March, 1864 July, 1864 November, 1864
April, 1864 August, 1864 December, 1864

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Year1860 1861 1862 1863 1864 1865 1866 1867 1868 1869

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