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Civil War Timeline / Chronology for April 1864

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Year1860 1861 1862 1863 1864 1865 1866 1867 1868 1869
January, 1864 May, 1864 September, 1864
February, 1864 June, 1864 October, 1864
March, 1864 July, 1864 November, 1864
April, 1864 August, 1864 December, 1864
April 3, 1864
April 4, 1864
Battle of Elkin's Ferry Arkansas
April 4, 1864 Major General Philip Sheridan moves from command of an infantry division in the Army of the Cumberland to command cavalry in the Army of the Potomac
  Philip Sheridan
April 7, 1864 James Longstreet recalled to Virginia
  James Longstreet
April 8, 1864
April 9, 1864
Battle of Sabine Crossroads
Battle of Mansfield

General Richard Taylor [CS] defeats General Nathaniel Banks [US], halting his advance to Shreveport
Louisiana
  Red River Campaign
  Nathaniel Banks
April 8, 1864 By a vote of 38 to 6, the U. S. Senate approves the 13th Amendment and sends it to the states for ratification
  The Emancipation of Slaves
April 9, 1864
April 10, 1864
Battle of Prairie D'ane

Moving south through Arkansas, General Frederick Steele engages Confederate forces before being driven back to Little Rock
Arkansas
  Red River Campaign
April 9, 1864 Battle of Pleasant Hill

Retreating from the loss at Sabine Crossroads, Nathaniel Banks [US] is slammed by Richard Taylor [CS] early in the afternoon. In spite of initial Confederate success, Banks managed to organize a counterattack that turned the tide in favor of the Yankees.
Louisiana
  Red River Campaign
  Nathaniel Banks
April 9, 1864 Ulysses S. Grant issues campaign orders. He tells George Meade [US], "Wherever Lee goes, you will go there." Similar orders are issued to William Tecumseh Sherman
  George Meade
  William Tecumseh Sherman
  Ulysses S. Grant
April 10, 1864 Nathaniel Banks and Frederick Steele begin to withdraw to Grand Ecore and Little Rock respectively. Kirby Smith [CS] arrives to take command of the Confederate forces, ordering Richard Taylor to withdraw to Mansfield, effectively ending the Red River Campaign Louisiana
  Red River Campaign
  Nathaniel Banks
April 12, 1864 Battle of Fort Pillow

Nathan Bedford Forrest [CS] defeats [US]. Following the defeat, Forrest's men massacre most of the occupants of the fort. They were black.
Tennessee
  Nathan Bedford Forrest
April 13, 1864 Admiral David Porter arrives at Grand Ecore. Louisiana
  David Porter
  Red River Campaign
April 17, 1864 Ulysses S. Grant ends prisoner exchanges with the South. He felt the practice was '...prolonging the conflict"
  Ulysses S. Grant
April 17, 1864 Bread riot in Savannah Georgia
April 18, 1864 Battle of Poison Spring

Sterling Price [CS] and John Marmaduke [CS] raid US supply wagons heading for Grand Ecore to relieve Nathaniel Banks [US] failed expedition. After heavy fighting the federals were forced to withdraw
Arkansas
  Red River Campaign
  Sterling Price
  Nathaniel Banks
April 18, 1864 General P. G. T. Beauregard is ordered to take command of the Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia. Virginia
  P. G. T. Beauregard
April 20, 1864 The War Department announces a reduction in the amount of rations received by Confederate prisoners in response to reports of mistreatment of Union prisoners
April 20, 1864 General P. G. T. Beauregard [CS] is relieved of command of the Department of South Carolina, Georgia, and Florida so he can assume command of the Richmond (Virginia) defenses. Virginia
  P. G. T. Beauregard
  Richmond, Virginia
April 20, 1864 Culminating a three-day attack that included the appearence of the new Confederate ironclad ram Albemarle, General R. F. Hoke captures Plymouth, North Carolina and a large amount of badly needed supplies. Federal losses totaled 2800 men. North Carolina
April 21, 1864 General Nathaniel Banks withdraws from Grand Ecore to Alexandria Louisiana
  Red River Campaign
  Nathaniel Banks
April 22, 1864 The motto "In God We Trust" approved for US coinage (Coinage Act of 1864)
  In God We Trust
  Civil War Firsts
April 23, 1864 Battle of Monet's Ferry
Battle of Cane River Crossing

Nathaniel Banks retreating federal column is harassed by Confederates
Louisiana
  Red River Campaign
  Nathaniel Banks
April 24, 1864 Battle of Marks' Mill

Confederates attack federals retreating to Little Rock
Arkansas
  Red River Campaign
April 26, 1864 Admiral David Porter's fleet is badly damaged in engagements with on-shore Confederates. The fleet had become trapped by low water following Porter's rescue of Nathaniel Banks at the end of the Red River Campaign Louisiana
  Red River Campaign
April 27, 1864 Northern armies break winter camp in preparation for the Spring campaigns
  William Tecumseh Sherman
  Ulysses S. Grant
  Overland Campaign
  George Meade
  Atlanta Campaign
April 30, 1864 Battle of Jenkin's Ferry Arkansas
April 30, 1864 Jefferson Davis's son Joe dies following a fall from the Confederate White House
  Jefferson Davis
January, 1864 May, 1864 September, 1864
February, 1864 June, 1864 October, 1864
March, 1864 July, 1864 November, 1864
April, 1864 August, 1864 December, 1864

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Year1860 1861 1862 1863 1864 1865 1866 1867 1868 1869

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