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Civil War Timeline / Chronology for October 1863

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Year1860 1861 1862 1863 1864 1865 1866 1867 1868 1869
January, 1863 May, 1863 September, 1863
February, 1863 June, 1863 October, 1863
March, 1863 July, 1863 November, 1863
April, 1863 August, 1863 December, 1863
October 3, 1863 President Lincoln calls for a national day of Thanksgiving at the end of November.
  Abraham Lincoln
October 5, 1863 Joe Wheeler cuts the railroad between Nashville and Chattanooga at Stones River. The loss is a major blow to the besieged Army of the Cumberland. Tennessee
  Battles for Chattanooga
  Army of the Cumberland
October 5, 1863 A torpedo attack on the USS New Ironsides by the CSS David in Charleston Harbor damages the ship, but the New Ironsides remains on duty, without repair until May, 1864. South Carolina
  USS New Ironsides
October 6, 1863 President Davis heads south from Richmond on a trip to South Carolina and North Georgia Virginia
  Jefferson Davis
October 8, 1863 President Davis speaks in Atlanta
  Jefferson Davis
October 9, 1863 President Davis speaks in Marietta, Georgia Georgia
  Jefferson Davis
October 9, 1863 Robert E. Lee [CS] and the Army of Northern Virginia crosses the Rapidan in an attempt to outflank the Army of the Potomac. Virginia
  Robert E. Lee
  Army of the Potomac
  Army of Northern Virginia
October 10, 1863 George Meade [US] withdraws to the Rappahannock River Virginia
  George Meade
October 11, 1863 Heavy skirmishing breaks out across a wide front in Virginia as the Army of Northern Virginia and the Army of the Potomac clash between the Rappahannock and Rapidan Rivers. Virginia
  Army of the Potomac
  Army of Northern Virginia
October 13, 1863 President Davis approves Braxton Bragg's request to relieve Major General Daniel Harvey Hill [CS] of duty.
  Braxton Bragg
  Jefferson Davis
  Daniel Harvey Hill
October 13, 1863 Peace Democrat Clement Vallandigham is defeated by Unionist John Brough, a war Democrat running on the Republican ticket. Ohio
  Clement Vallandigham
October 14, 1863 Battle of Bristol Station

A. P. Hill strikes George Meade as he withdraws to the Rappahannock River. Meade had strongly fortified his rear guard defenses, easily repelling Hill's corps.
Virginia
  A. P. Hill
  George Meade
October 17, 1863 As Ulysses S. Grant travels to Louisville, KY, Secretary of War Edwin Stanton boards the train in Indianapolis, IN with orders for him to assume command of the Military Division of the Mississippi. Indiana
  Ulysses S. Grant
  Edwin Stanton
October 19, 1863 In an all-cavalry battle, J. E. B. Stuart [CS] routed Judson Kilpatrick [US] in the battle of Buckland Mills (sometimes called the Buckland Races) Virginia
  J. E. B. Stuart
October 19, 1863 William Rosecrans is relieved of duty. General Grant replaces him as commander of the Army of the Cumberland with George Thomas
  William S. Rosecrans
  George Thomas
  Army of the Cumberland
October 21, 1863 Ulysses S. Grant leaves Bridgeport, AL to assume command of the troops in Chattanooga. The only road in a muddy wash with a horrible stench from the dead mules lying on either side. This was the road Rosecrans was using to supply his troops. Tennessee
  Ulysses S. Grant
  Battles for Chattanooga
October 23, 1863 Ulysess S. Grant arrives in Chattanooga, Tennessee and immediately begins working on securing a better supply line to the city. Tennessee
  Ulysses S. Grant
  Battles for Chattanooga
October 23, 1863 Leonidas Polk is relieved of duty by President Davis
  Leonidas Polk
  Jefferson Davis
October 24, 1863 General Grant, in Chattanooga, approves the plan of "Baldy" Smith to open a "Cracker Line" between Chattanooga and the railhead at Stevenson, Alabama Alabama
Tennessee
  Ulysses S. Grant
  Battles for Chattanooga
  William Farrar Smith
  Cracker Line
October 25, 1863 Battle of Pine Bluff Arkansas
October 27, 1863 Battle of Brown's Ferry

Troops under William Hazen [US] secured a beachhead on the southern bank of the Tennessee River. "Baldy" Smith [US] built a pontoon bridge over the Tennessee and Joseph Hooker [US] took the Little Tennessee Valley
  Battles for Chattanooga
  Joseph Hooker
  William Farrar Smith
  Cracker Line
October 27, 1863 The second major bombardment of Fort Sumter. The three days of pounding artillery will be the heaviest in the siege of Charleston. South Carolina
October 28, 1863
October 29, 1863
Battle of Wauhatchie

In a rare nighttime assault, James Longstreet [CS] battles John Geary [US] just west of Lookout Mountain
Tennessee
  Battles for Chattanooga
  James Longstreet
  Battle of Wauhatchie
October 28, 1863 General O. O. Howard reaches Brown's Ferry, Tennessee from Stevenson, AL, opening the famous Cracker Line Tennessee
  Battles for Chattanooga
October 29, 1863 First supplies along the Cracker Line reach Chattanooga
  Battles for Chattanooga
October 29, 1863 Jefferson Davis grants Nathan Bedford Forrest's request for an independent command in north Mississippi and west Tennessee. This frees him from Braxton Bragg. Mississippi
Tennessee
  Nathan Bedford Forrest
  Braxton Bragg
January, 1863 May, 1863 September, 1863
February, 1863 June, 1863 October, 1863
March, 1863 July, 1863 November, 1863
April, 1863 August, 1863 December, 1863

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Year1860 1861 1862 1863 1864 1865 1866 1867 1868 1869

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