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Civil War Timeline / Chronology for July 1863

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Year1860 1861 1862 1863 1864 1865 1866 1867 1868 1869
January, 1863 May, 1863 September, 1863
February, 1863 June, 1863 October, 1863
March, 1863 July, 1863 November, 1863
April, 1863 August, 1863 December, 1863
July 1, 1863
July 3, 1863
Battle of Gettysburg

General Robert E. Lee [CS] advances into Pennsylvania where he meets George Meade [US]. First battling north of the city, by the second day Union forces had retreated south, forming a strong line as men arrived almost continuously. On the third day, the infamous Pickett's Charge marked the end of the Confederates hope for a victory

The bloodiest three days in American history
Pennsylvania
  Bloodiest Civil War battles
  Robert E. Lee
  John Bell Hood
  James Longstreet
  George Meade
  Army of Northern Virginia
  Army of the Potomac
  J. E. B. Stuart
  Lafayette McLaws
  Winfield Scott Hancock
  George Armstrong Custer
  Battle of Gettysburg
  Richard Ewell
  George Pickett
  John Reynolds
  The Gettysburg Campaign
  Early action at Herbst Woods
  James Archer
  George Armstrong Custer
  Jubal Anderson Early
July 1, 1863 General John Reynolds is killed west of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. Less than a month earlier, Abraham Lincoln had offered him command of the Army of the Potomac
  Generals Who Died In the Civil War
  John Reynolds
  Gettysburg Chronology, July 1, 1863
  Battle of Gettysburg
July 3, 1863 John Pemberton, commander of Confederate forces at Vicksburg asks Ulysses S. Grant for terms. Grant demands an unconditional surrender. Pemberton refuses. Late in the evening, Grant offers excellent terms and Pemberton accepts. Mississippi
  Ulysses S. Grant
  Second Vicksburg Campaign
July 4, 1863 Morgan's men run into a contigent of federal troops in Columbus, Kentucky Kentucky
  John Hunt Morgan
July 4, 1863 Ulysses S. Grant accepts the surrender of the second Confederate Army he has defeated, at Vicksburg Mississippi
  Ulysses S. Grant
  Second Vicksburg Campaign
July 4, 1863 The West Virginia flag is introduced. This is the final Union flag of the Civil War West Virginia
  Flags of the Civil War
July 6, 1863 Rear Admiral Samuel Du Pont, South Atlantic Blockading Squadron, is relieved of duty over the lack of ability of the Navy to make headway against the fortifications of Charleston, according to Secretary of the Navy Gideon Welles. He is replaced by John Dahlgren.
  Siege of Charleston
July 7, 1863 Federal troops sack Brierfield, the plantation home of Jefferson Davis Mississippi
  Jefferson Davis
July 7, 1863 Braxton Bragg completes his withdrawal from Tullahoma to Chattanooga Tennessee
  Braxton Bragg
  Tullahoma Campaign
July 8, 1863
July 9, 1863
After crossing the Ohio River on captured steamboats, Morgan and his men loot Mauckport and Corydon Indiana
  John Hunt Morgan
July 8, 1863 Port Hudson is surrendered, giving the Union control of the Mississippi Mississippi
July 9, 1863
July 16, 1863
Battle of Jackson Mississippi
  William Tecumseh Sherman
  Joseph E. Johnston
July 10, 1863
July 11, 1863
Battle of Fort Wagner South Carolina
  Quincy A. Gillmore
  P. G. T. Beauregard
July 10, 1863 Federal forces complete an amphibious landing on Morris Island near the entrance to Charleston Harbor. They will fortify the position over the next 3 weeks South Carolina
  Quincy A. Gillmore
  Siege of Charleston
July 13, 1863 After several days of plundering Indiana, John Hunt Morgan crosses into Ohio
  John Hunt Morgan
July 13, 1863 Battle of Yazoo City Mississippi
July 13, 1863 Battle of Donaldsonville Louisiana
July 13, 1863
July 16, 1863
Draft riots, New York City New York
  New York City draft riots
July 14, 1863 Battle of Falling Waters Maryland
July 17, 1863 In Indian Territory (present-day Oklahoma) 65 miles west of Fort Smith, Federal forces defeat Confederates in the battle of Honey Springs
July 18, 1863 The 54th Massachusetts, comprised primarily of free blacks from Massachusetts and Pennsylvania, attack Battery Wagner in Charleston Harbor, losing 30% of their men and forcing Quincey Gillmore to lay siege to the city. The film "Glory" is based on this action. South Carolina
  Quincy A. Gillmore
  Siege of Charleston
July 19, 1863 Daniel Harvey Hill replaces William Hardee in command of the Second Corps of the Army of Tennessee
  William Hardee
  Daniel Harvey Hill
July 19, 1863 While crossing the Ohio River into Kentucky at Buffington Island, John Hunt Morgan's raiders stumble onto a fortified position. Federals manage to kill or wound 120 and capture 700 men and most of the rest return to Ohio to find an alternate crossing. Ohio
Kentucky
  John Hunt Morgan
July 25, 1863 Department of East Tennessee, comprised of 17,800 men under Simon Bolivar Buckner, is merged into Braxton Bragg's Department of Tennessee. Major General Buckner is assign command of a corps.
  Braxton Bragg
  Simon Bolivar Buckner
July 26, 1863 John Crittenden dies, Frankfurt, KY
  John Crittenden
July 26, 1863 John Hunt Morgan is captured at New Lisbon, Ohio. Most of his command had already been apprehended Ohio
  John Hunt Morgan
January, 1863 May, 1863 September, 1863
February, 1863 June, 1863 October, 1863
March, 1863 July, 1863 November, 1863
April, 1863 August, 1863 December, 1863

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Year1860 1861 1862 1863 1864 1865 1866 1867 1868 1869

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