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Civil War Timeline / Chronology for May 1863

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Year1860 1861 1862 1863 1864 1865 1866 1867 1868 1869
January, 1863 May, 1863 September, 1863
February, 1863 June, 1863 October, 1863
March, 1863 July, 1863 November, 1863
April, 1863 August, 1863 December, 1863
May 1, 1863
May 4, 1863
Battle of Chancellorsville

General "Fighting Joe" Hooker's Army of the Potomac is defeated by Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia as it crosses the Rappahannock on the way to Richmond

Union: 17,268

Confederate: 12,821
Virginia
  Robert E. Lee
  Joseph Hooker
  Bloodiest Civil War battles
  Stonewall Jackson
  Army of Northern Virginia
  Army of the Potomac
  Lafayette McLaws
  Chancellorsville
  John Reynolds
  Darius Couch
  George Stoneman
May 1, 1863 "Stainless Banner" becomes the second Confederate Flag
  Flags of the Civil War
May 1, 1863
May 2, 1863
Battle of Chalk Bluff Arkansas
May 1, 1863 Skirmishing increased in eastern Alabama as Col. Abel Streight moved towards Rome Alabama
  Raid on Rome, Georgia
May 1, 1863 In a rally intended to be a reaction to Burnside's General Order 38, Clement Vallandigham criticizes Abraham Lincoln for not ending the Civil War, which he characterized as "wicked and cruel."
  Clement Vallandigham
May 2, 1863 General Stonewall Jackson is shot 3 times in a friendly fire incident Virginia
  Stonewall Jackson
  Generals Who Died In the Civil War
  Chancellorsville
May 3, 1863 Nathan Bedford Forrest ends Abel Streight's Raid on Rome, Georgia, in heavy skirmishing at Cedar Bluffs, Alabama. Alabama
Georgia
  Nathan Bedford Forrest
  Raid on Rome, Georgia
May 3, 1863 Second Battle of Fredericksburg

John Sedgwick drives Jubal Early south past the city of Fredericksburg. The following day, as Early prepares to counterattack he finds the city empty. Sedgwick had followed the river west to aid the Army of the Potomac at Chancellorsville
Virginia
  Jubal Anderson Early
  John Sedgwick
  Chancellorsville
May 3, 1863
May 4, 1863
Battle of Salem Church
Battle of Banks Ford

Wilcox's Brigade of Early's Division stops the Union IV Army Corps with a position around rural Salem Church. Sedgwick decided to withdraw to the north when Lee reinforces Wilcox with two divisions and Early moves on Sedgwick's rear.
Virginia
  John Sedgwick
  Jubal Anderson Early
  Chancellorsville
May 3, 1863 Frederick Steele returns to Little Rock, marking the end of the Red River Campaign Arkansas
May 5, 1863 Former representative and a leader of the Peace Democrats, Clemont Vallandigham is arrested by the federal army. Ohio
  Clement Vallandigham
May 7, 1863 Major General Earl van Dorn [CS] is killed by a jealous husband.
  Earl Van Dorn
  Generals Who Died In the Civil War
May 10, 1863 Stonewall Jackson dies at a field hospital near Guiney Station, VA, Virginia
  Stonewall Jackson
  Generals Who Died In the Civil War
May 12, 1863 Battle of Raymond

A Confederate brigade under John Gregg attacks a Union division under Major General John Logan in the town of Raymond, between Vicksburg and Jackson.
Mississippi
  Second Vicksburg Campaign
May 13, 1863 Two corps, under William Tecumseh Sherman and James McPherson, advance on Jackson Mississippi
  William Tecumseh Sherman
  Second Vicksburg Campaign
May 13, 1863 General Robert E. Lee rides from Fredricksburg to Richmond, Virginia Virginia
May 14, 1863 Battle of Jackson

After a brief fight, McPherson and Sherman's corps take Jackson, driving Joe Johnston off.
Mississippi
  Joseph E. Johnston
  William Tecumseh Sherman
May 14, 1863
May 18, 1863
General Robert E. Lee, Jefferson Davis, and the Confederate Cabinet meet to discuss the "Summer Strategy" for 1863.
  The Gettysburg Campaign
May 15, 1863 A portion of the Tredegar Iron Works and a nearby flour mill burn. Virginia
  Richmond, Virginia
May 15, 1863 Joe Johnston orders John Pemberton to break out of Grant's tightening noose. Pemberton refuses the order. Mississippi
  Joseph E. Johnston
  Second Vicksburg Campaign
May 16, 1863 Battle of Champion Hill

Pemberton agrees to attack the federal line with Johnston. The focal point of the attack, Champion Hill, will change hands three times, but the Confederate forces fail to meet. Pemberton withdraws to Vicksburg
Mississippi
  Second Vicksburg Campaign
  Joseph E. Johnston
  Second Vicksburg Campaign
May 16, 1863 Judge H. H. Leavitt denies a motion for habeas corpus in the Vallandigham case Ohio
  Clement Vallandigham
May 17, 1863 Battle of Black River

Pemberton placed his men with their backs to the Black River. When the U. S. attacked, Pemberton's line broke with most of the men crossing the Black River before the bridge was set on fire. Army of the Tennessee then spanned the Big Black, closing in on Vicksburg
Mississippi
  Army of the Tennessee
  Battle of Vicksburg
  Second Vicksburg Campaign
May 17, 1863 President Lincoln declares Judge Leavitt's denial of motion for habeas corpus in the Vallandigham case the equivalent of 3 victories in the field.
  Clement Vallandigham
May 19, 1863 General Ulysses S. Grant [US] makes contact with Rear Admiral David Porter, sailing north from New Orleans with supplies Mississippi
  Ulysses S. Grant
  David Porter
  Second Vicksburg Campaign
May 19, 1863 William Tecumseh Sherman [US] launches a full scale frontal assault against Rebel lines in Vicksburg. He is repulsed with heavy losses, especially near the Stockade Redan Mississippi
  William Tecumseh Sherman
  Battle of Vicksburg
  Army of the Tennessee
May 22, 1863 Massive Union assaults on Fortress Vicksburg fail Mississippi
  Battle of Vicksburg
  Second Vicksburg Campaign
May 22, 1863 Abraham Lincoln offers command of the Army of the Potomac to Darius Couch. Couch refuses, but recommends George Meade.
  Darius Couch
  George Meade
  Abraham Lincoln
May 25, 1863 Clement Vallandigham is banished to the Confederacy for his "pro-Confederate remarks." The exchange took place at Murfreesboro, Tennessee Ohio
Tennessee
  Clement Vallandigham
May 25, 1863 Major General Dick Ewell's returns to the Army of Northern Virginia following the amputation of his leg after the battle of Groveton (Second Bull Run)
  Richard Ewell
  Army of Northern Virginia
May 26, 1863
July 4, 1863
Siege of Vicksburg

Date of the start of siege varies from May 18 - May 26.
Mississippi
  Ulysses S. Grant
  William Tecumseh Sherman
  John A. McClernand
  James McPherson
May 26, 1863 Confederate Naval flag introduced by Secretary of the Navy Stephen Russell Mallory
  Flags of the Civil War
May 27, 1863
July 9, 1863
Siege of Port Hudson

After attempting to storm the walls of Port Hudson, Nathaniel Banks digs in for a siege.
Louisiana
  Nathaniel Banks
May 29, 1863 Ambrose Burnside offers his resignation over the Vallandigham affair. Lincoln refuses.
  Clement Vallandigham
  Ambrose Burnside
May 30, 1863 Robert E. Lee completes the restructuring of the Army of Northern Virginia, creating three corps under James Longstreet, Dick Ewell and A. P. Hill.
  Robert E. Lee
  Army of Northern Virginia
  A. P. Hill
  James Longstreet
  Richard Ewell
  The Gettysburg Campaign
January, 1863 May, 1863 September, 1863
February, 1863 June, 1863 October, 1863
March, 1863 July, 1863 November, 1863
April, 1863 August, 1863 December, 1863

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Year1860 1861 1862 1863 1864 1865 1866 1867 1868 1869

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