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Civil War Timeline / Chronology for April 1863

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Century000's 1700's 1800's 1900's 2000's
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Year1860 1861 1862 1863 1864 1865 1866 1867 1868 1869
January, 1863 May, 1863 September, 1863
February, 1863 June, 1863 October, 1863
March, 1863 July, 1863 November, 1863
April, 1863 August, 1863 December, 1863
April 2, 1863 A mob demands bread from a supply wagon in Richmond, starting the so-called Bread Riot. The mob looted other stores and was personally addressed by Jefferson Davis, who tossed the money from his pocket into the crowd. Police and soldiers eventually dispersed the crowd. Virginia
  Jefferson Davis
April 5, 1863 After sailing from Washington, D. C. to Fredericksburg, Abraham Lincoln meets with Joe Hooker to discuss strategy in Virginia.
  Joseph Hooker
  Abraham Lincoln
April 7, 1863 A fleet of 9 Union ironclads under the command of Samuel Dupont sailed into Charleston Harbor and attacked Fort Moultrie and Fort Sumter. Sumter is visibly damaged but the Confederate batteries from the shore heavily damage the 9 ironclads and they are forced to withdraw. Naval occupation of the harbor is ruled out.

South Carolina
  USS New Ironsides
  Fort Sumter
April 11, 1863 Col. Abel Streight leaves Nashville, Tennessee on a raid of Rome, GA Georgia
Tennessee
  Raid on Rome, Georgia
April 12, 1863 Siege of Suffolk

General James Longstreet surrounds Suffolk in southeastern Virginia
Virginia
  James Longstreet
April 13, 1863 Federal forces engage Fort Bisland in Bayou Teche Louisiana
April 13, 1863 Ambrose Burnside issue General Order 38 in which he stated "anyone found guilty of committing acts for the benefit of the enemies of our country will be subject to execution."
  Ambrose Burnside
  Clement Vallandigham
April 14, 1863 Battle of Centreville Louisiana
April 14, 1863 Continuous roll printing press is developed by William Bullock in Pittsburgh Pennsylvania
April 14, 1863 Union gunners destroy the Queen of the West Louisiana
  Queen of the West
April 16, 1863 Rear Admiral David Porter sent 12 vessels south on the Mississippi past Vicksburg. Although hit a number of times by Confederate gunners, the vessels suffered little damage. Mississippi
Louisiana
  David Porter
April 17, 1863 Col. Benjamin Grierson [US] leaves La Grange, Tennessee at the head of a 1,700 man cavalry column heading towards Mississippi to raid the state. Mississippi
April 17, 1863 Brigadier General John Marmaduke [CS] leaves Arkansas and enters Missouri on a raid Missouri
April 19, 1863 The Nebraska Territory enabling act, the first step in statehood, is signed into law.
April 20, 1863 Lincoln proclaims that West Virginia would join the Union on June 20, 1863 West Virginia
  Abraham Lincoln
April 20, 1863 Brigadier General Robert Hoke [CS] captures Plymouth and the 2800 man Union garrison stationed there.
April 22, 1863 Grant's forces south of Vicksburg are resupplied by Porter's fleet, which suffered heavy losses when transports and barges steamed by Confederate batteries
  Second Vicksburg Campaign
  David Porter
  Ulysses S. Grant
April 22, 1863 Comprehensive "tax-in-kind" plan passed by the Confederate Senate. It required 10 percent of everything produced or grown be given to the Confederate government.
April 27, 1863 Col. Abel Streight leaves Tuscumbia Alabama
  Raid on Rome, Georgia
April 27, 1863 Major General Simon Bolivar Buckner assumes command of the Department of East Tennessee. Tennessee
  Simon Bolivar Buckner
April 30, 1863 Army of the Potomac forces set up camp in The Wilderness surrounding the Chancellor family home after crossing the Rappahannock River Virginia
  Army of the Potomac
  Chancellorsville
April 30, 1863 Abel Streight [US] fights a pitched battle at Day's Gap. Alabama
  Raid on Rome, Georgia
April 30, 1863 About noon, Ulysses S. Grant begins crossing the Mississippi and landing U. S. troops south of Vicksburg Mississippi
  Ulysses S. Grant
  Second Vicksburg Campaign
January, 1863 May, 1863 September, 1863
February, 1863 June, 1863 October, 1863
March, 1863 July, 1863 November, 1863
April, 1863 August, 1863 December, 1863

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Year1860 1861 1862 1863 1864 1865 1866 1867 1868 1869

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