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Civil War Timeline / Chronology for January 1863

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Century000's 1700's 1800's 1900's 2000's
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Year1860 1861 1862 1863 1864 1865 1866 1867 1868 1869
January, 1863 May, 1863 September, 1863
February, 1863 June, 1863 October, 1863
March, 1863 July, 1863 November, 1863
April, 1863 August, 1863 December, 1863
January 1, 1863 The Emancipation Proclamation goes into effect
  Emancipation Proclamation
  The Emancipation of Slaves
  Emancipation Proclamation (Full Text)
January 1, 1863 Battle of Galveston

General John B. Magruder [CS] captures the city after a 4 hour battle. Confederate troops seize a federal ship and blow up another, but most of the ships escape.
Texas
  John Magruder
January 2, 1863 General Sherman abandons his attempt to take Vicksburg Mississippi
  William Tecumseh Sherman
  First Vicksburg Campaign
January 4, 1863 Major General McClernand begins to move up the Arkansas River towards Arkansas Post. He orders General Sherman to accompany him, but he has not received authorization for such a movement.
  William Tecumseh Sherman
  John A. McClernand
January 4, 1863 Lincoln and Halleck order Ulysses S. Grant to rescind Special Order 11
  Henry Halleck
  Abraham Lincoln
  Ulysses S. Grant
January 4, 1863 USS Quaker City along with USS Memphis seize the Mercury, a Confederate blockade runner from Charleston on its way to Nassau, Bahamas with turpentine and mail.
January 5, 1863 Following two days of off and on skirmishing around Jonesville, Confederates surround the Union force and take 200 prisoners after a pitched battle. Virginia
January 7, 1863 The XIV Corps is officially renamed to the Army of the Cumberland
  Army of the Cumberland
January 10, 1863
January 11, 1863
Battle of Arkansas Post
Battle of Fort Hindman

General John McClernand [US] defeats Brigadier General T. J. Churchill [CS] at Fort Hindman or Arkansas Post. Defending the outpost on the Arkansas River, 5,000 Confederates are surrounded by a force of 50,000 Union troops, and a U. S. Naval squadron under the command of Admiral David Porter. The Navy silenced the Confederate artillery and McClernand attacked, gaining the outer walls. The Confederates then surrendered.
Arkansas
  John A. McClernand
  First Vicksburg Campaign
  William Tecumseh Sherman
January 14, 1863 E. Kirby Smith given command of the Army of the Southwest.
  E. Kirby Smith
January 14, 1863 CSS Alabama sinks the USS Hatteras off Galveston Texas
January 20, 1863
January 22, 1863
Ambrose Burnside searches for another crossing of the Rappahannock. This is known as the "Mud March"
  Ambrose Burnside
  Joseph Hooker
January 25, 1863 Abraham Lincoln relieves General Ambrose Burnside [US} from command of the Army of the Potomac, replacing him with General Joseph "Fighting Joe" Hooker.
  Joseph Hooker
  Abraham Lincoln
  Ambrose Burnside
  Army of the Potomac
January 25, 1863 Union forces withdraw from Corinth. They had been ordered to help protect Mississippi River shipping from northern states Mississippi
January 26, 1863 In a letter to Joe Hooker, President Lincoln states that Hooker "...thwarted him (Burnside) as much as you could..."
  Joseph Hooker
  Abraham Lincoln
  Ambrose Burnside
  Letter, Abraham Lincoln to Joseph Hooker
January 27, 1863 Naval assault on Ft. McAllister Georgia
  Fort McAllister
January 31, 1863 Under cover of fog Confederate ironclads Chicora and Palmetto State raid the federal blockade in Charleston. While some Union ships were damaged, the attack failed to disrupt the blockade South Carolina
January, 1863 May, 1863 September, 1863
February, 1863 June, 1863 October, 1863
March, 1863 July, 1863 November, 1863
April, 1863 August, 1863 December, 1863

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Year1860 1861 1862 1863 1864 1865 1866 1867 1868 1869

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