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Civil War Timeline / Chronology for December 1862

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Year1860 1861 1862 1863 1864 1865 1866 1867 1868 1869
January, 1862 May, 1862 September, 1862
February, 1862 June, 1862 October, 1862
March, 1862 July, 1862 November, 1862
April, 1862 August, 1862 December, 1862
December 1, 1862 On the first day of the new Congress President Abraham Lincoln proposes 3 amendments to the U. S. Constitution. First, all slaves would be gradually emancipated until 1900. Second, slaves freed during the war would remain free. Third, the United States would pay for consensual colonization
  Abraham Lincoln
December 7, 1862 Battle of Prairie Grove
Battle of Fayetteville

Thomas Hindman [CS] attacks Francis "Frank" Herron [US] advancing from Wilson's Creek in an attempt to defeat him before joining James Blunt's [US] men. Blunt reached the Confederate line just as Herron was considering withdrawal, resulting in a Union victory
Arkansas
December 7, 1862 John Hunt Morgan captures a federal garrison in Hartsville, killing and wounding 1000 before 1800 men surrendered Tennessee
  John Hunt Morgan
December 10, 1862 U. S. House passes a bill allowing the creation of the state of West Virginia West Virginia
December 11, 1862 One of the most controversial orders of the Civil War is issued by Ulysses S. Grant -- Special Order 11, expelling Jews from his department.
  Ulysses S. Grant
December 11, 1862 Nathan Bedford Forrest [CS] leaves Columbia, Tennessee in an attempt to disrupt Ulysses S. Grant's line of communication in the advance on Vicksburg
  Nathan Bedford Forrest
  First Vicksburg Campaign
  Ulysses S. Grant
December 11, 1862 Federal forces occupy the city of Fredericksburg Virginia
  Fredericksburg
December 11, 1862
December 20, 1862
Commonly known as the Goldsboro Expedition, the Union Army in North Carolina under John G. Foster pushes into the state in an attempt to sever railroad supply lines to Virginia. North Carolina
December 13, 1862 Confederate General T. R. R. Cobb dies during the battle of Fredericksburg. South Carolinian Maxcy Gregg is mortally wounded and dies two days later. Georgia
  Generals Who Died In the Civil War
  Fredericksburg
December 13, 1862 Battle of Fredericksburg

General Ambrose Burnside and the Army of the Potomac is soundly beaten by Lee's Army of North Virginia.
  Army of Northern Virginia
  Army of the Potomac
  Robert E. Lee
  Ambrose Burnside
  Lafayette McLaws
  Fredericksburg
  William B. Franklin
  Edwin Vose Sumner
  Jubal Anderson Early
  John Reynolds
  Joseph Hooker
December 14, 1862 Battle of Kinston North Carolina
December 16, 1862 In a Republican caucus Senators vote 13-11 support a resolution calling for the resignation of William Seward.
  1862 Cabinet Crisis
  William Seward
  Republican Party
December 17, 1862 Battle of Goldsboro Bridge North Carolina
December 17, 1862 Republicans vote to ask for a reconstruction of Lincoln's cabinet. During the meeting, Secretary of State William Seward and his son, the Assistant Secretary of State, resign.
  1862 Cabinet Crisis
  William Seward
  Republican Party
December 18, 1862 Forrest's [CS] cavalry turns back a detachment of Union cavalry near Lexington.
  Nathan Bedford Forrest
December 18, 1862 In preparation for his assault on the Confederate fortress at Vicksburg, Ulysess S. Grant reorganizes his forces into 4 Corps (13th, 15th, 16th, 17th) under John A. McLernand, William T. Sherman, Stephen A. Hurlbut and James B. McPherson respectively
  First Vicksburg Campaign
  Ulysses S. Grant
  William Tecumseh Sherman
December 19, 1862 An evening meeting at the White House, 8 Republican Senators and Lincoln's Cabinet discuss the reorganization of the Cabinet.
  1862 Cabinet Crisis
  Republican Party
December 20, 1862 General Earl Van Dorn [CS] strikes a federal supply depot at Holly Springs capturing 1500 prisoners and destroying 1.5 million dollars of military supplies Mississippi
  Earl Van Dorn
  First Vicksburg Campaign
December 20, 1862 U. S. 15th Corps under William Tecumseh Sherman boards transports at Memphis to sail down the Mississippi to Chickasaw Bayou. Ulysses S. Grant called off a supporting campaign over land because of continued Rebel raids Tennessee
  First Vicksburg Campaign
  William Tecumseh Sherman
December 20, 1862 Salmon Chase offers his resignation. Lincoln rejects both Seward's and Chase's resignations.
  1862 Cabinet Crisis
  Salmon P. Chase
  William Seward
December 21, 1862 John Hunt Morgan leads a raid against William S. Rosecrans' supply lines in Kentucky
  John Hunt Morgan
December 21, 1862 President Davis visits Vicksburg Mississippi
  First Vicksburg Campaign
  Jefferson Davis
December 21, 1862 Seward resumes his duties as Secretary of State
  1862 Cabinet Crisis
  William Seward
December 22, 1862 Salmon Chase resumes his duties as Secretary of the Treasury
  1862 Cabinet Crisis
  Salmon P. Chase
December 23, 1862 Jefferson Davis issues a general order proclaiming Benjamin Butler an "enemy of mankind" and authorizing his immediate execution if captured
  Jefferson Davis
December 26, 1862 Sherman's expedition lands near Steele's Bayou on the Yazoo River Mississippi
  First Vicksburg Campaign
  William Tecumseh Sherman
December 28, 1862 Battle of Elk Fork Tennessee
December 29, 1862 Battle of Chickasaw Bayou

William Tecumseh Sherman [US] tries to assault a strong Confederate position atop a series of bluffs north of Vicksburg held by John Pemberton [CS]
Mississippi
  William Tecumseh Sherman
  First Vicksburg Campaign
December 30, 1862 Ford's Theater gutted by fire
  Ford's Theater
December 30, 1862 The U. S. S. Monitor founders in heavy seas off Cape Hatteras. 16 men die and the remaining are rescued by the Rhode Island, her escort. The boat is towed to port. North Carolina
December 31, 1862 Battle of Parker's Cross Roads

Near Lexington General Nathan Bedford Forrest [CS] tries to break through a federal line after successful raids on Grant's supply lines and communications. As he begins to drive the Union troops back he is attacked from behind, loosing 300 men.
Tennessee
  Nathan Bedford Forrest
December 31, 1862 Battle of Stone's River [US]
Battle of Murfreesboro [CS]

Braxton Bragg forces William Rosecrans to retreat, but Rosecrans returns to defeat Bragg on January 2, 1863.

Union 13,249

Confederate 10,266
Tennessee
  Bloodiest Civil War battles
  Braxton Bragg
  William S. Rosecrans
  George Thomas
  John Breckinridge
  Army of the Cumberland
  Philip Sheridan
  Stone's River
December 31, 1862 Lincoln signs the act approving admission to the United States for West Virginia West Virginia
January, 1862 May, 1862 September, 1862
February, 1862 June, 1862 October, 1862
March, 1862 July, 1862 November, 1862
April, 1862 August, 1862 December, 1862

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