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Civil War Timeline / Chronology for April 1862

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Civil War Navidater
Century000's 1700's 1800's 1900's 2000's
Decade1800's 1810's 1820's 1830's 1840's 1850's 1860's 1870's 1880's 1890's
Year1860 1861 1862 1863 1864 1865 1866 1867 1868 1869
January, 1862 May, 1862 September, 1862
February, 1862 June, 1862 October, 1862
March, 1862 July, 1862 November, 1862
April, 1862 August, 1862 December, 1862
April 4, 1862 From Fort Monroe federal troops begin movement towards Richmond
  Richmond, Virginia
  Peninsula Campaign
April 5, 1862
May 4, 1862
Siege of Yorktown

George McClellan invests Yorktown until Joe Johnston completes a withdrawal on May 4.
Virginia
  Joseph E. Johnston
  George McClellan
  Peninsula Campaign
  Siege of Yorktown
  William Farrar Smith
  Gouverneur K. Warren
April 6, 1862
April 7, 1862
Battle of Pittsburg Landing [Union]
Battle of Shiloh [Confederate]

Ulysses S. Grant [US] defeats Albert Sidney Johnston [CS] in southwest Tennessee. P. G. T. Beauregard assumed command following Johnston's death

Confederate Losses
1,723 dead
8,012 wounded
959 missing
Union Losses
1,754 dead
8,408 wounded
2,885 missing
Tennessee
  Ulysses S. Grant
  Sherman's Memoirs on Shiloh
  P. G. T. Beauregard
  Battle of Shiloh
  Braxton Bragg
  William Tecumseh Sherman
  Bloodiest Civil War battles
  Don Carlos Buell
  Albert Sidney Johnston
  John Breckinridge
  William Hardee
  William 'Bull' Nelson
  Lew Wallace
  Lew Wallace at Shiloh
  Army of the Tennessee
  James McPherson
  Army of Mississippi
April 6, 1862 On the first day of the battle of Shiloh/Pittsburg Landing, General Albert Sidney Johnston, commander of the Department of the West is killed while leading an advance against a Union position in a peach orchard. Tennessee
  Generals Who Died In the Civil War
  Albert Sidney Johnston
April 7, 1862 Island No. 10, in the Mississippi River downstream from New Madrid, is captured. More than 5,000 Confederates are taken prisoner Missouri
  John Pope
April 8, 1862 Following a disasterous second day at Pittsburg Landing, Confederates withdraw to Corinth, Mississippi Tennessee
  Battle of Shiloh
  Army of Mississippi
April 10, 1862
April 11, 1862
Battle of Fort Pulaski

Quincy Gillmore uses rifled cannon to effectively end the use of palisaded forts world-wide
Georgia
  Fort Pulaski
  Quincy A. Gillmore
April 11, 1862 Halleck assumes personal command of the forces at Pittsburg Landing, the Army of the Tennessee and the Army of the Ohio
  Henry Halleck
  Army of the Tennessee
  Army of the Ohio
April 11, 1862 General Fitz-John Porter [US] decides to ride in an observation balloon alone when inventor Thaddeus Lowe takes a sick-day. In flight, the balloon tether breaks, and Porter nearly crosses into enemy territory. A last minute change in wind direction returned him to Union lines.
  Fitz-John Porter
April 12, 1862 The Great Locomotive Chase Georgia
  The Great Locomotive Chase
  Western and Atlantic Railroad
April 12, 1862 Combining the Confederate Army of the Potomac with John Magruder's Army of the Peninsula and a large garrison at Norfolk, President Jefferson Davis creates the Army of Northern Virginia.
  Army of Northern Virginia
  Jefferson Davis
  Joseph E. Johnston
  Peninsula Campaign
  John Magruder
April 14, 1862 Federal fleet under Commadore David Farragut appears at the mouth of the Mississippi River.

Louisiana
  David Farragut
  Battle of New Orleans
April 15, 1862 Union naval forces enter the mouth of the Mississippi and sail up the river to Fort Jackson
  Battle of New Orleans
April 16, 1862 President Lincoln signs legislation freeing the estimated 3,500 slaves in Washington, D. C.
  Abraham Lincoln
  Washington D. C.
April 16, 1862 Battle of Dam No. 1

Attempting to break the Yorktown Line, forces under General Winfield Scott Hancock [CS] engage General John Magruder [CS]. This battle is sometimes noted as the Battle of Lee's Mill or Burnt Chimneys.
Virginia
  Lafayette McLaws
  Siege of Yorktown
  Peninsula Campaign
  John Magruder
April 16, 1862 Confederate Congress passes a conscription law
April 18, 1862 Federal fleet begins a 5-day bombardment of Fort Jackson and Fort St. Philip Louisiana
  Battle of New Orleans
April 19, 1862 The Joint Committee on Flag and Seal backs the flag proposed earlier by Barnwell Rhett. The Confederate House eventually tables the design.
  Robert Barnwell Rhett
  Flags of the Civil War
April 24, 1862 Early in the morning Commadore Farragut ships begin sailing up the Mississippi River past Fort Jackson and Fort St. Phillip. After half the fleet sails past the fort the Confederates discover the movement and open fire. All major federal ships make it past the forts. Louisiana
  David Farragut
  Battle of New Orleans
April 25, 1862 After a duel with Confederate ships at English Turn, Commadore Farragut's fleet weighs anchor at New Orleans and demands the surrender of the largest city and most important port in the South. By the time Farragut arrives the city was partially on fire. Louisiana
  David Farragut
  Battle of New Orleans
April 25, 1862 George Thomas promoted to major general
  George Thomas
April 25, 1862 General John C. Parke [US] bombards Fort Macon, near Beaufort, following a month-long siege of the fort. Colonel Moses White had no choice but to surrender. North Carolina
April 28, 1862 City of New Orleans surrenders
  Battle of New Orleans
April 29, 1862 Battle of Bridgeport Alabama
April 29, 1862 Under the command of Henry Halleck, the Army of the Tennessee begins to advance on Corinth Mississippi
  Henry Halleck
  Army of the Tennessee
January, 1862 May, 1862 September, 1862
February, 1862 June, 1862 October, 1862
March, 1862 July, 1862 November, 1862
April, 1862 August, 1862 December, 1862

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Year1860 1861 1862 1863 1864 1865 1866 1867 1868 1869

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