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Civil War Timeline / Chronology for March 1862

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Year1860 1861 1862 1863 1864 1865 1866 1867 1868 1869
January, 1862 May, 1862 September, 1862
February, 1862 June, 1862 October, 1862
March, 1862 July, 1862 November, 1862
April, 1862 August, 1862 December, 1862
March 2, 1862 Leonidas Polk completes his withdrawal from Columbus. He moves south to New Madrid, Missouri. Kentucky
  Leonidas Polk
March 3, 1862 Abraham Lincoln appoints Andrew Johnson to be military governor of Tennessee Tennessee
  Abraham Lincoln
  Andrew Johnson
March 3, 1862 General John Pope lays siege to New Madrid Missouri
  John Pope
March 4, 1862 Over what is generally regarded as a communication problem, Halleck relieves Grant from command and replaces him with Charles Ferguson Smith.
  Ulysses S. Grant
  Henry Halleck
March 6, 1862
March 8, 1862
Battle of Pea Ridge [US]
Battle of Elkhorn Tavern [CS]
Arkansas
  Earl Van Dorn
  Sterling Price
March 6, 1862 Abraham Lincoln proposes that slaves in the border states be emancipated gradually, with compensation to the owners
  Abraham Lincoln
March 6, 1862 The Monitor, the first Union ironclad, departs from New York
March 6, 1862 Barnwell Rhett proposes a yellow sun in a blue shield with a ray for each state. It would eliminate the stars and the red, white, and blue combinations of the Yankee flag South Carolina
  Robert Barnwell Rhett
  Flags of the Civil War
March 8, 1862 The Merrimac (CSS Virginia) battles the USS Congress and the USS Cumberland, destroying both frigates and killing more than 240 of their crewmen.
March 8, 1862 Joseph E. Johnston orders the Confederate Army of the Potomac to withdraw from Centerville/Manassas to the Rappahannock River based on reports from JEB Stuart of increased Yankee activity Virginia
  Joseph E. Johnston
  Army of Northern Virginia
  J. E. B. Stuart
March 8, 1862 Abraham Lincoln, chagrined at George McClellan for not appointing corps commanders, names Edwin Vose Sumnner, Samuel Heintzelman, Erasmus Keyes and Irvin McDowell for him.
  Irvin McDowell
  Abraham Lincoln
  George McClellan
  Edwin Vose Sumner
  Samuel Heintzelman
March 9, 1862 Battle of Hampton Roads

The duel of the ironclads, The Monitor and The Merrimac (CSS Virginia). First use of a turreted gun.
Virginia
  Hampton Roads
  Civil War Firsts
March 11, 1862 President Lincoln relieves George McClellan as General-in-Chief of the U. S. Army. He continues as commander of the Army of the Potomac
  General-in-Chief, U. S. Army
  George McClellan
  Abraham Lincoln
  Army of the Potomac
March 11, 1862 President Lincoln puts Henry Halleck in charge of all forces in the West. Lincoln also creates the Mountain Department, covering West Virginia and the mountainous area of Virginia. John Fremont is put in command.
  Henry Halleck
  John C. Fremont
March 11, 1862 For their disasterous performance at Fort Donelson, President Jefferson Davis relieves John Floyd and Gideon Pillow from command.
  John Floyd
  Gideon Pillow
  Jefferson Davis
March 12, 1862 Jacksonville is occupied by Union naval forces Florida
March 13, 1862 Grant is reinstated to his command
  Ulysses S. Grant
March 13, 1862 Jefferson Davis orders Robert E. Lee to "...conduct military operations of the armies of the Confederacy."
  Jefferson Davis
  Robert E. Lee
March 14, 1862 Battle of New Bern (sometimes called Newberne)

Ambrose Burnsides [US] captures the city
North Carolina
  Ambrose Burnside
March 14, 1862 Following a two week siege, federals under John Pope take New Madrid. Missouri
  John Pope
March 15, 1862 William Tecumseh Sherman and Stephen Hurlbut arrive at Pittsburg Landing and move inland to Shiloh Baptist Church.
  William Tecumseh Sherman
  Battle of Shiloh
March 17, 1862 Ulysses S. Grant assumes command of the forces at Pittsburg Landing.
  Ulysses S. Grant
  Battle of Shiloh
March 17, 1862 George McClellan begins transporting his men to Fort Monroe for the Peninsula Campaign Virginia
  George McClellan
  Peninsula Campaign
March 17, 1862 Major General Lew Wallace and his division stop at Crump's Landing to destroy the tracks of the Mobile and Ohio Railroad. Tennessee
  Battle of Shiloh
  Lew Wallace
  Lew Wallace at Shiloh
March 18, 1862 Jefferson Davis moves Judah Benjamin from the War Department to Secretary of State, replacing R. M. T. Hunter. George Randolph of Virginia is appointed Secretary of War.
  Jefferson Davis
March 19, 1862 Following more than $10,000 in renovations, Ford's Theater reopens for business (Ford's Athenaeum was the name at the time)
  Ford's Theater
March 20, 1862 Threatened by Stonewall Jackson, Nathaniel Banks withdraws from Strasburg to Winchester Virginia
  Stonewall Jackson
  Nathaniel Banks
March 23, 1862 John Parke [US] demands the surrender of Fort Macon on the coast of North Carolina. When the Confederates refuse, he lays siege to the fort North Carolina
March 23, 1862 Battle of Kernstown

In the first battle of the Shenandoah Campaign, Major General Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson [CS] loses to Brig. General James Shields [US]
Virginia
  Stonewall Jackson
March 24, 1862 Albert Sidney Johnston's Army arrives at Corinth from Murfreesboro, Tennessee Mississippi
  Albert Sidney Johnston
  Battle of Shiloh
March 26, 1862 Moving along the Santa Fe Trail, Confederates engaged a group of Colorado volunteers at Johnson's Ranch. Federal forces withdraw to Glorietta.
March 28, 1862 Jefferson Davis proposes a conscription bill, shocking many Southerners.
  Jefferson Davis
March 29, 1862 The Central Army of Kentucky and the Army of Alabama and West Florida, and is merged into the Army of Mississippi in Corinth under Albert Sidney Johnston with P. G. T. Beauregard as second-in-command. Corps commanders are Braxton Bragg, Leonidas Polk, William Hardee and George Crittenden. Mississippi
  Albert Sidney Johnston
  P. G. T. Beauregard
  Braxton Bragg
  Leonidas Polk
  William Hardee
  Central Army of Kentucky
  Army of Mississippi
March 30, 1862 B&O reopens following six months of Confederate control in Maryland and West Virginia
  Baltimore and Ohio Railroad
January, 1862 May, 1862 September, 1862
February, 1862 June, 1862 October, 1862
March, 1862 July, 1862 November, 1862
April, 1862 August, 1862 December, 1862

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Year1860 1861 1862 1863 1864 1865 1866 1867 1868 1869

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