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Civil War Timeline / Chronology for October 1861 <<Previous year Next year>>
June, 1861 October, 1861
October 3, 1861 Battle of Greenbriar
Operations in Western Virginia
October 4, 1861 President Lincoln views a tethered hot-air balloon ascent outside Washington D. C. The balloon was considered a top secret observation instrument to be used for observation during battles
October 4, 1861 Confederate government signs treaties with the Shawnee and Seneca Indians
October 5, 1861 Major papers in London reflect the division over the American Civil War in Britain. In an editorial, the London Post backs an independent Southern Nation. Previously, the London Times had backed the Union.
October 6, 1861 Winfield Scott informs General Robert Anderson that he is relieved of duty by telegram. He relinquishes command of the Department of Kentucky the following day.
October 7, 1861 Confederate government signs a treaty with the Cherokee Indians
October 8, 1861 General William Tecumseh Sherman replaces General Robert Anderson as commander of the Department of the Cumberland. Anderson had suffered a severe mental breakdown.
William Tecumseh Sherman
October 11, 1861 William S. Rosecrans assumes command of the Federal Department of Western Virginia
William S. Rosecrans
October 12, 1861 The
Theodora leaves Charleston Harbor for Havana Cuba. On board are the Confederate States of America commissioners to England (James Mason) and France (John Slidell)
October 19, 1861 President Davis tries to quell an on-going dispute between Generals Johnston [CS] and Beauregard [CS].
Joseph E. Johnston
P. G. T. Beauregard
October 20, 1861 George McClellan orders a demonstration in the area of Ball's Bluff
October 21, 1861 Battle of Leesburg [CS]
Battle of Ball's Bluff [US]
Battle of Harrison Island [US]
General Nathan Evans [CS] defeats General Charles Stone [US]. Oregon Senator Edward Baker, field commander, becomes the first (and only) sitting senator to die in battle.
Battle of Ball's Bluff
Civil War Firsts
October 22, 1861 The Army of the Potomac [CS] is placed under the Department of Northern Virginia
October 24, 1861 Western Union completes the final segment of the transcontinental telegraph from Denver to Sacramento
October 24, 1861 People of West Virginia vote overwhelmingly in favor of creating a new state as spelled out by the Wheeling Convention
October 31, 1861 Winfield Scott relieved from duty as Supreme Comander of the United States.
General-in-Chief, U. S. Army
June, 1861 October, 1861