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Civil War Timeline / Chronology for July 1861

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Year1860 1861 1862 1863 1864 1865 1866 1867 1868 1869
January, 1861 May, 1861 September, 1861
February, 1861 June, 1861 October, 1861
March, 1861 July, 1861 November, 1861
April, 1861 August, 1861 December, 1861
July 2, 1861 General Robert Patterson crosses the Potomac at Williamsport, Maryland and moves towards Harpers Ferry. Virginia
Maryland
  Harpers Ferry
July 4, 1861 The Kansas Flag is introduced Kansas
  Flags of the Civil War
July 4, 1861 Leonidas Polk is put in charge of the Confederate Department Number 2.
  Leonidas Polk
July 11, 1861 Battle of Rich Mountain West Virginia
  George McClellan
  Operations in Western Virginia
  Battle of Rich Mountain
  William S. Rosecrans
July 11, 1861 Sterling Price, Confederate governor Claiborne Jackson, Nathaniel Lyon, and Francis Blair meet at Planters' House in St. Louis to discuss a truce. Lyon was quoted as saying "This means war" after the talks end abruptly Missouri
  Sterling Price
July 13, 1861 Battle of Corrick's Ford

While directing his rear guard General Robert Garnett is shot and dies minutes later. He is the first general to die during the Civil War
West Virginia
  George McClellan
  Battle of Corrick's Ford
  Civil War Firsts
July 17, 1861 The U. S. begins issuing demand notes commonly called "Greenbacks"
July 17, 1861 Battle of Scary Creek West Virginia
  George McClellan
July 21, 1861 (First) Manassas (Confederate)
(First) Bull Run (Union)

About 25 miles southwest of Washington the first major battle of the Civil War pits Irvin McDowell [US] against P. G. T. Beauregard [CS] and Joe Johnston [CS].
Virginia
  William Tecumseh Sherman
  First Manassas - First Bull Run
  P. G. T. Beauregard
  Irvin McDowell
  Joseph E. Johnston
  Army of Northern Virginia
  James Longstreet
  John B. Gordon
  Stonewall Jackson
  Richard Ewell
  Samuel Garland
  Ambrose Burnside
  Samuel Heintzelman
July 22, 1861 George B. McClellan [US] ordered to Washington to take command of the Army of the Potomac following the defeat at Bull Run
  Army of the Potomac
  George McClellan
  Army of the Ohio
  Washington D. C.
July 22, 1861 In a proclamation, Jefferson Davis accepts Tennessee as a member of the Confederacy Tennessee
  Jefferson Davis
July 23, 1861 Major General John Dix ordered to take command of the Department of Maryland; Brigadier General William S. Rosecrans ordered to take command of the Department of the Ohio
  William S. Rosecrans
  Army of the Ohio
July 25, 1861 With his troops enlistment expiring, Robert Patterson is relieved of duty in the Shenandoah Valley. He had failed to hold Joseph Johnston in Winchester to prevent Johnston from moving east to support Beauregard at Bull Run.
July 25, 1861 The U. S. Congress approves the use of volunteers to put down the rebellion
July 25, 1861 The Crittenden Resolution passes in Congress. This states the Preservation of the Union is the reason for the Civil War
  John Crittenden
July 26, 1861 George McClellan appointed commander, Army of the Potomac, replacing Irvin McDowell. Some sources give the date as July 27, the day he received the orders
  George McClellan
  Army of the Potomac
  Irvin McDowell
July 31, 1861 11 Union officers are submitted to Congress to be promoted to brigadier general
  William B. Franklin
  Ulysses S. Grant
  Samuel Heintzelman
  Joseph Hooker
  William Tecumseh Sherman
  Ulysses S. Grant
January, 1861 May, 1861 September, 1861
February, 1861 June, 1861 October, 1861
March, 1861 July, 1861 November, 1861
April, 1861 August, 1861 December, 1861

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Year1860 1861 1862 1863 1864 1865 1866 1867 1868 1869

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