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Civil War Timeline / Chronology for March 1861 <<Previous year Next year>>
March 1, 1861 P. G. T. Beauregard appointed Brigadier General [CS]
P. G. T. Beauregard
March 1, 1861 Jefferson Davis orders General P. G. T. Beauregard to Charleston
March 1, 1861 Texas accepted as a state by the provisional government of the Confederate States of America
March 1, 1861 The U. S. Congress rejects the Washington Peace Conference proposals
Washington Peace Convention
March 2, 1861 The U. S. Congress passes a proposed 13th Amendment stating that the Congress will not abolish or interfer with slavery where it exists. The amendment is never ratified.
The Emancipation of Slaves
March 2, 1861 Texas Secessionist Convention reconvenes
March 2, 1861 Congress passes the Morrill Tariff Bill.
March 2, 1861 Congress adopts a proposed 13th Amendment, making it illegal to interfer with the "domestic institutions" of the states
Proposed 13th Amendment
March 3, 1861 General P. G. T. Beauregard arrives at Charleston and assumes command of Confederate troops
P. G. T. Beauregard
March 4, 1861 Confederate Convention in Montgomery adopts the "Stars and Bars" as the nation's flag
Convention of Seceding States
March 4, 1861 Abraham Lincoln is inaugurated President of the United States. 7 states had already seceded.
March 5, 1861 The First Confederate Flag, known as the "Stars and Bars," is introduced
Civil War Firsts
March 5, 1861 Texas secessionist convention accepts Confederate statehood
March 7, 1861 Salmon P. Chase appointed Secretary of the Treasury
Salmon P. Chase
March 9, 1861 The Coinage Bill is passed by the Confederate Congress, authorizing up to 50 million dollars in Confederate currency to be printed
March 11, 1861 Braxton Bragg assumes command of Florida forces
March 11, 1861 Confederate Congress at Montgomery adopts the Constitution unnanimously.
March 13, 1861 The Confederate States of America attempts a peaceful adjustment of issues arising from separation (Forsyth and Crawford). Secretary of State William Seward, under the direction of the President, refuses
March 16, 1861 Confederate provisional congress creates the Confederate Marine Corps. It never numbers more than 600 members and its records are destroyed on purposed near the end of the war
March 16, 1861 Edwin Vose Sumner promoted to Brigadier General and given command of the Department of the Pacific, replacing Albert Sidney Johnston
Edwin Vose Sumner
March 18, 1861 By a vote of 39-35 the Arkansas convention defeats a secession motion. Instead, they vote to allow a general election in August to determine the question of secession.
March 21, 1861 Missouri secessionist convention adjourns having voted 98-1 against secession
Confederate Order of Secession
March 29, 1861 Abraham Lincoln decides to reinforce Fort Sumter.
March 29, 1861 Mississippi ratifies the Confederate Constitution
March 31, 1861 General John Bankhead Magruder reassigned from Arkansas to Texas.