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Civil War Timeline / Chronology for February 1861

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Century000's 1700's 1800's 1900's 2000's
Decade1800's 1810's 1820's 1830's 1840's 1850's 1860's 1870's 1880's 1890's
Year1860 1861 1862 1863 1864 1865 1866 1867 1868 1869
January, 1861 May, 1861 September, 1861
February, 1861 June, 1861 October, 1861
March, 1861 July, 1861 November, 1861
April, 1861 August, 1861 December, 1861
February 1, 1861 Texas secessionist convention votes 166 to 7 to secede, calling for a ratification election by the people Texas
  Confederate Order of Secession
  Texas Ordinance of Secession
February 2, 1861 Texas adopts a Declaration of Causes
February 4, 1861
February 27, 1861
Washington Peace Conference (also called Convention or Congress)
  Felix Zollicoffer
  Salmon P. Chase
  John Tyler
  Washington Peace Convention
February 4, 1861 Convention of Seceded States begins in Montgomery, Alabama. Georgian Howell Cobb is elected President of the Convention Alabama
  Convention of Seceding States
February 4, 1861 John Slidell and Judah Benjamin of Louisiana withdraw from the U. S. Senate Louisiana
February 4, 1861 Elections in Virginia create a pro-Union secessionist convention Virginia
  Virginia Secession Convention
February 5, 1861 "Fort Sumter will not be surrendered" came from various people in the Buchanan Administration in response to a demand for surrender from South Carolina
  Fort Sumter
February 8, 1861 The Convention of Seceded States adopts a provisional constitution forming the Confederate States of America Alabama
  Convention of Seceding States
February 9, 1861 After privately considering William Yancey, Howell Cobb, Robert Toombs, Alexander Stephens, and Robert Barnwell Rhett for President of the Confederate States of America, the Convention settles on Jefferson Davis. They select Alexander Stephens, both pro-Union and a friend of Abraham Lincoln, as vice-president
  Jefferson Davis
  Alexander Stephens
  Convention of Seceding States
  Robert Barnwell Rhett
  Robert Toombs
February 9, 1861 In a blow to the newly formed Confederacy, Tennessee voters reject the call for a secessionist convention, 68,262 to 59,499. Tennessee
February 10, 1861 At his plantation home outside Vicksburg, Jefferson Davis receives the news he is the first President of the Confederate States of America. He was hoping to be commander of the military Mississippi
  Jefferson Davis
February 11, 1861 As President-elect Abraham Lincoln begins his journey to Washington D. C. from Springfield, Illinois, President-elect Jefferson Davis journeys from Vicksburg, Mississippi to Montgomery, Alabama to accept the Presidency of the Confederate States. Mississippi
Alabama
Illinois
  Abraham Lincoln
  Jefferson Davis
  Convention of Seceding States
February 11, 1861 The Electoral College begins to meet amid fears of a show of force against the election of Abraham Lincoln. General Winfield Scott reinforces the city and the meeting occurs as planned. Vice-president John C. Breckinridge declares Lincoln the winner of the Election of 1860
  Abraham Lincoln
  John Breckinridge
  Winfield Scott
  The Election of 1860
February 13, 1861 The U. S. Electoral College makes Lincoln's win official
  Abraham Lincoln
  The Election of 1860
February 13, 1861 In Richmond, former President John Tyler and former Virginia governor Henry Wise lead the notables who meet for the first time as Virginia's secessionist convention. Virginia
  John Tyler
  Virginia Secession Convention
February 15, 1861 Provisional Confederate Congress votes to take Ft. Sumter and Ft. Pickens (FL) by force if necessary
  Convention of Seceding States
  Fort Sumter
February 15, 1861 Delegates from Texas arrive at the Convention of Seceding States Texas
February 18, 1861 Jefferson Davis is inaugurated "Provisional President of the Confederate States of America" in Montgomery Alabama
  Jefferson Davis
  Convention of Seceding States
February 18, 1861
February 19, 1861
Maryland convenes a secessionist convention in Baltimore to consider its options. The convention ends without a declaration of secession Maryland
  Maryland and Secession
February 19, 1861 Jefferson Davis appoints his Cabinet including fireeater Robert Toombs (State), Christopher Memminger (Treasury), LeRoy Pope Walker (War), Judah P. Benjamin (Attorney-General) and J. H. Reagan (Postmaster-General).
  Jefferson Davis
  Robert Toombs
  Fire-eaters
February 20, 1861 P. G. T. Beauregard resigns from the U. S. Army
  P. G. T. Beauregard
February 20, 1861 President-elect Abraham Lincoln and Vice-president Elect Hannibal Hamlin of Maine meet in New York City Maine
New York
  Abraham Lincoln
February 22, 1861
February 23, 1861
Under the watchful eyes of Allan Pinkerton, Abraham Lincoln travels in secrecy to Washington, D. C. Pinkerton had been worried about the trip through Baltimore, Maryland, a Southern-leaning city Maryland
  Abraham Lincoln
  Washington D. C.
February 23, 1861 Texas citizens ratify the actions of the seccesionist convention, voting to secede, 34,794 to 11,235

Texas
February 25, 1861 President-Elect Lincoln meets with both houses of Congress
  Abraham Lincoln
February 25, 1861 The Saratoga, a ship in the U. S. African Squadron, captures the sloop Express, a slave ship
February 28, 1861 North Carolina voters reject the call for a secessionist convention by 651 votes. North Carolina
January, 1861 May, 1861 September, 1861
February, 1861 June, 1861 October, 1861
March, 1861 July, 1861 November, 1861
April, 1861 August, 1861 December, 1861

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Century000's 1700's 1800's 1900's 2000's
Decade1800's 1810's 1820's 1830's 1840's 1850's 1860's 1870's 1880's 1890's
Year1860 1861 1862 1863 1864 1865 1866 1867 1868 1869

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