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Civil War Timeline / Chronology for January 1861

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Year1860 1861 1862 1863 1864 1865 1866 1867 1868 1869
January, 1861 May, 1861 September, 1861
February, 1861 June, 1861 October, 1861
March, 1861 July, 1861 November, 1861
April, 1861 August, 1861 December, 1861
January 1, 1861 On New Year's Day Georgians go to the polls to elect either a pro-Union or pro-Seccession slate of delegates to a state convention to be held in Milledgeville. According to Gov. Brown the results are overwhelmingly pro-secession, however, later research by the Georgia Historical Society indicates that the returns were overstated in favor of the secessionists. Georgia
January 1, 1861 A pro-Union meeting in Parkersburg (now West Virginia) resolves that "secession is revolution." West Virginia
  First Wheeling Convention
January 3, 1861 Georgia militia under the command of Francis "Frank" Bartow seize Fort Pulaski, at the mouth of the Savannah River, from a single federal soldier and a contractor Georgia
January 4, 1861 Alabama troops seize an arsenal near Mobile Alabama
January 5, 1861 At the last minute General Winfield Scott substitutes the Star of the West, a New York based merchant marine vessel for the Brooklyn, a heavily armed and reinforced sloop ordered to sail to Fort Sumter to resupply the federal outpost. The Brooklyn, however, is to travel to Fort Sumter with the Star of the West.
  Star of the West
  David Farragut
  Winfield Scott
  Fort Sumter
January 6, 1861 Florida militia takes over a federal arsenal near Appalachiacola. Florida
January 6, 1861 Maryland's pro-Union governor denounces secession in a speech to the residents of the state. Maryland
January 6, 1861 Fernando Wood, mayor of New York, proposed that New York City should secede as well, allowing trade with both the North and South New York
January 7, 1861 John Crittenden tries to resurrect his proposal on the floor of the Senate. It had earlier been killed by committee.
  John Crittenden
January 7, 1861 Virginia calls a special session of its Assembly to consider convening a convention on the question of secession. Virginia
  Virginia Secession Convention
January 7, 1861 Special Tennessee legislative session to consider holding a secession convention begins in Nashville Tennessee
January 9, 1861 Artillery fires on the Star of the West from Morris Island as it crosses into the main entrance channel to Charleston Harbor. As the ship comes about, Fort Moultrie opens fire, also with cannon shot. A mile and a half from Fort Sumter, the ship withdraws. South Carolina
  Star of the West
  David Farragut
  Fort Sumter
January 9, 1861 Mississippi secedes from the Union Mississippi
  Confederate Order of Secession
  Mississippi Ordinance of Secession
January 10, 1861 Florida secedes from the Union. They simply replace the term "United States" with "Confederate States" in their constitution Florida
  Confederate Order of Secession
  Florida Ordinance of Secession
January 10, 1861 Major Anderson at Fort Sumter receives orders telling him to maintain a defensive position but to defend the fort. South Carolina
  Fort Sumter
  Robert Anderson
January 11, 1861 Alabama secedes from the Union Alabama
  Confederate Order of Secession
  Alabama Ordinance of Secession
January 11, 1861 South Carolina demands the surrender of Fort Sumter. Major Anderson refuses. South Carolina
  Fort Sumter
  Robert Anderson
January 11, 1861 Federal soldiers seize buildings in St. Louis to prevent them from falling into Rebel hands Missouri
January 12, 1861 Star of the West returns to New York City New York
  Star of the West
January 12, 1861 Attorney-general I. W. Hayne leaves Charleston with a demand from Governor Pickens that the federal government surrender Fort Sumter South Carolina
  Fort Sumter
January 14, 1861 Virginia Assembly approves a convention to consider secession Virginia
  Virginia Secession Convention
January 15, 1861 Albert Sidney Johnston assumes command of the Department of the Pacific. California
  Albert Sidney Johnston
January 16, 1861
January 19, 1861
Following two days of debate and a day of hammering out the wording of the secession document, Georgia votes to leave the Union on January 19. Georgia
  Confederate Order of Secession
  Georgia Ordinance of Secession
January 16, 1861 The Crittenden Compromise dies on the floor of the Senate.
  John Crittenden
January 19, 1861 Virginia calls for a peace conference Virginia
  Washington Peace Convention
  Virginia Secession Convention
January 19, 1861 Tennessee votes to hold a secessionist election. Tennessee
January 21, 1861 All but 6 of the delegates to Georgia's Secessionist Convention sign the Ordinances of Secession Georgia
  Georgia Ordinance of Secession
January 22, 1861 6 delegates to the Georgia Secessionist Convention issue a "statement of protest." Georgia
  Statement of Protest to Georgia Secession
January 24, 1861 Lucy, a female slave from Wheeling who fled to Cleveland, Ohio, is returned to her owner. She is the last slave to be returned under the Fugitive Slave Law West Virginia
January 26, 1861 By a vote of 112 to 17, the Louisiana Secessionist Convention votes to secede from the Union Louisiana
  Confederate Order of Secession
  Louisiana Ordinance of Secession
January 26, 1861 The sovereign state of Mississippi establishes a state flag: It featured a white, five-pointed star on a dark blue canton (commonly called the Bonnie Blue), a field of white with a magnolia tree and a red banner on the fly end. Mississippi
January 29, 1861 Kansas admitted to the Union Kansas
  Bleeding Kansas
  Kansas becomes a state
January 30, 1861 Louisiana Secessionist Convention selects 6 delegates to represent the state at the Convention of Seceded States in Montgomery, AL Louisiana
  Convention of Seceding States
January, 1861 May, 1861 September, 1861
February, 1861 June, 1861 October, 1861
March, 1861 July, 1861 November, 1861
April, 1861 August, 1861 December, 1861

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Year1860 1861 1862 1863 1864 1865 1866 1867 1868 1869

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