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Civil War Timeline / Chronology for 1861

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Civil War Navidater
Century000's 1700's 1800's 1900's 2000's
Decade1800's 1810's 1820's 1830's 1840's 1850's 1860's 1870's 1880's 1890's
Year1860 1861 1862 1863 1864 1865 1866 1867 1868 1869
January, 1861 May, 1861 September, 1861
February, 1861 June, 1861 October, 1861
March, 1861 July, 1861 November, 1861
April, 1861 August, 1861 December, 1861

Major events of 1861
January 9, 1861 Artillery fires on the Star of the West from Morris Island as it crosses into the main entrance channel to Charleston Harbor. As the ship comes about, Fort Moultrie opens fire, also with cannon shot. A mile and a half from Fort Sumter, the ship withdraws. South Carolina
  Star of the West
  David Farragut
  Fort Sumter
February 8, 1861 The Convention of Seceded States adopts a provisional constitution forming the Confederate States of America Alabama
  Convention of Seceding States
February 9, 1861 After privately considering William Yancey, Howell Cobb, Robert Toombs, Alexander Stephens, and Robert Barnwell Rhett for President of the Confederate States of America, the Convention settles on Jefferson Davis. They select Alexander Stephens, both pro-Union and a friend of Abraham Lincoln, as vice-president
  Jefferson Davis
  Alexander Stephens
  Convention of Seceding States
  Robert Barnwell Rhett
  Robert Toombs
April 12, 1861
April 13, 1861
Beginning at 4:30 am on the 12th and continuing until the morning of the 13th, Confederate batteries along the shore of Charleston Harbor fire on Fort Sumter under the command of Major Robert Anderson. Anderson arranges a surrender with Texas Senator Louis Wigfall on the morning of the 13th. South Carolina
  P. G. T. Beauregard
  Fort Sumter
  Edmund Ruffin
  Civil War Firsts
  Robert Anderson
June 3, 1861 Battle of Philippi

First land engagement of the Civil War between American and Confederate forces
West Virginia
Virginia
  George McClellan
  Philippi
  Operations in Western Virginia
  Civil War Firsts
July 21, 1861 (First) Manassas (Confederate)
(First) Bull Run (Union)

About 25 miles southwest of Washington the first major battle of the Civil War pits Irvin McDowell [US] against P. G. T. Beauregard [CS] and Joe Johnston [CS].
Virginia
  William Tecumseh Sherman
  First Manassas - First Bull Run
  P. G. T. Beauregard
  Irvin McDowell
  Joseph E. Johnston
  Army of Northern Virginia
  James Longstreet
  John B. Gordon
  Stonewall Jackson
  Richard Ewell
  Samuel Garland
  Ambrose Burnside
  Samuel Heintzelman
October 31, 1861 Winfield Scott relieved from duty as Supreme Comander of the United States.
  Winfield Scott
  General-in-Chief, U. S. Army
November 8, 1861 British mail packet Trent, carrying James M. Mason and John Slidell, Confederate commissioners to London and Paris, is halted in the Bahama Channel by the U.S. warship San Jacinto.
  Trent Affair
January, 1861 May, 1861 September, 1861
February, 1861 June, 1861 October, 1861
March, 1861 July, 1861 November, 1861
April, 1861 August, 1861 December, 1861

Civil War Navidater
Century000's 1700's 1800's 1900's 2000's
Decade1800's 1810's 1820's 1830's 1840's 1850's 1860's 1870's 1880's 1890's
Year1860 1861 1862 1863 1864 1865 1866 1867 1868 1869

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