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Civil War Timeline / Chronology for 1859

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February 14, 1859 Oregon enters the United States as a free state Oregon
February 28, 1859 Arkansas passes legislation requiring free blacks to chose between exile or slavery Arkansas
July 4, 1859 The Oregon Flag is introduced. It will be the first flag under which U. S. troops enter the Civil War. Oregon
  Flags of the Civil War
July 5, 1859
July 29, 1859
The 4th Constitutional Convention, Wyandotte, Kansas Kansas
  Bleeding Kansas
  Kansas becomes a state
July 5, 1859 The fourth Kansas Constitutional Convention is convened in Wyandotte, Kansas. Kansas
  Kansas becomes a state
July 29, 1859 The Wyandotte Constitution is adopted by the convention Kansas
  Kansas becomes a state
August 20, 1859 John Brown meets with Frederick Douglass at Chambersburg Pennsylvania
  Frederick Douglass
  John Brown
October 4, 1859 The Wyandotte Constitution is ratified by the state of Kansas. It abolishes slavery. Kansas
  Kansas becomes a state
October 16, 1859 John Brown takes the armory at Harpers Ferry Maryland
  Causes of the Civil War
  John Brown
  Harpers Ferry
  Baltimore and Ohio Railroad
October 17, 1859 Citizens discover John Brown, 19 men (including Brown's sons Oliver, Owen, and Watson) and several hostages including George Washington's great-grand-nephew in the armory. By the end of the day Brown, his men and 9 hostages occupied the fire engine house within the arsenal. Secretary of War John B. Floyd orders Col. Robert E. Lee and Lt. J. E. B. Stuart to the town
  John Brown
  J. E. B. Stuart
  Robert E. Lee
  John Floyd
October 18, 1859 Robert E. Lee and JEB Stuart plan an attack against John Brown and his raiders at Harpers Ferry. At 6:30 am, Stuart signals Marine Lieutenant Israel Green who storms the firehouse holding the raiders and their hostages. Five of Brown's Raiders escape. The rest are caught or killed.
  Robert E. Lee
  J. E. B. Stuart
  John Brown
October 27, 1859 The Louisville and Nashville Railroad makes its first trip between the two cities. Kentucky
Tennessee
December 2, 1859 John Brown is hung in Charleston, Virginia (present-day West Virginia) for the raid on Harper's Ferry Virginia
West Virginia
  John Brown

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