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Civil War Timeline / Chronology for 1857

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January 15, 1857 Massachusetts holds a state disunion convention called by Thomas Higginson, Frank Bird, and Thomas Earle claiming that "...the Union was a failure as being a hopeless attempt to unite under one government two antagonistic systems of society which diverge more widely every year." Massachusetts
January 16, 1857 George McClellan resigns from the U. S. Army
  George McClellan
January 27, 1857 Preston S. Brooks dies, Washington, D. C. South Carolina
  Preston S. Brooks
March 4, 1857 James Buchanan inaugurated President of the United States
  James Buchanan
March 6, 1857 Supreme Court hands down the ruling in the Dred Scott case.
  Roger B. Taney
  Causes of the Civil War
  Dred Scott decision
June 29, 1857 President James Buchanan responds to Brigham Young chasing federal judges William Drummond, George Stiles and John Kinney from the territory of Utah by ordering William Harney to advance to Utah and protect the new territorial governor and judges.
  Utah War
July 4, 1857 Sewanee, The University of the South is founded by Leonidas Polk at the top of Lookout Mountain
  Leonidas Polk
July 29, 1857 Col. Edwin Sumner attacks 300 mounted Cheyenne at Solomon's Ford in Kansas. Jeb Stuart is wounded in the attack. Kansas
  Edwin Vose Sumner
  J. E. B. Stuart
August 1, 1857 Utah organizes its militia, the Nauvoo Legion.
  Utah War
August 24, 1857 Embezzlement in the home office of the Ohio Life
Insurance & Trust Company coupled with the wreck of the Central America, a merchant marine carrying a shipment of gold bullion, caused a panic in the New York Stock Market.
  Panic of 1857
August 29, 1857 Sidney Johnson ordered to take command of the Utah expedition
  Albert Sidney Johnston
  Utah War
September 7, 1857 The Lecompton (KS) Convention, a pro-slave constitutional convention convenes Kansas
  Lecompton Constitution
September 11, 1857 (circa) Utah militia and American Indians raid a wagon train traveling west from Arkansas in what became known as the Meadows Massacre or the Mountain Meadows Massacre
  Utah War
September 23, 1857 Raid on federal artillery and infantry at Pacific Springs.
  Utah War
October 5, 1857
October 6, 1857
Kansas free-staters win control of the legislative branch in elections Kansas
  Kansas becomes a state
October 19, 1857 Proslavery factions reconvene the Lecompton Constitutional Convention to draft a document Kansas
  Lecompton Constitution
November 7, 1857 The Lecompton (KS) Constitutional Convention adopts a pro-slavery constitution and approves a ratification election on December 21, 1857 Kansas
  Lecompton Constitution
November 17, 1857 Sidney Johnston arrives at Fort Bridger, 125 miles northwest of Salt Lake City. It had been burned under Brigham Young's orders.
  Albert Sidney Johnston
November 25, 1857 James Birney dies, Perth Amboy, N. J.
  James Birney
December 2, 1857 "Free-staters" take control of the Kansas legislature following their election in October Kansas
  Kansas becomes a state
December 7, 1857 Free-state congress calls for a third option in voting on the Lecompton Constitution - rejection of the document. Kansas
  Lecompton Constitution
December 8, 1857 James Buchanan announces he supports the Lecompton Constitution in a message to the Senate Kansas
  James Buchanan
  Lecompton Constitution
December 9, 1857 Breaking with the Democrats, Stephen Douglas announces he is against the Lecompton Constitution Kansas
  Stephen A. Douglas
  Lecompton Constitution
  Democratic Party
December 17, 1857 The Free-state legislature adds a third option to the Lecompton ratification vote: reject the Lecompton Constitution. This is not on the ballot of Dec. 21 Kansas
  Lecompton Constitution
December 21, 1857 Lecompton Constitution ratification vote. Voters were not voting for the Constitution, rather they were voting for the Constitution with slavery or the Constitution without slavery. With freestaters waiting for the vote on January 4, pro-slavery factions easily carry the vote Kansas
  Kansas becomes a state
  Lecompton Constitution

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