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Civil War Timeline / Chronology for 1856

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Century000's 1700's 1800's 1900's 2000's
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Year1850 1851 1852 1853 1854 1855 1856 1857 1858 1859
January 17, 1856 Georgia Democrat Alexander Stephens debates Tennessee Know-Nothing Felix Zollicoffer
  Felix Zollicoffer
  Alexander Stephens
January 24, 1856 Franklin Pierce rejects the Topeka Constitution because the vote did not constitute "...the body politic" Kansas
  Kansas becomes a state
  Franklin Pierce
February 22, 1856 The first "national" meeting of the Republican Party is held in Pittsburgh Pennsylvania
  Election of 1856
  Civil War Firsts
  Republican Party
February 22, 1856 The American National Convention in Philadelphia nominates Millard Fillmore for President Pennsylvania
  Millard Fillmore
  Election of 1856
March 24, 1856 President Franklin Pierce sends all "...documents touching the affairs of the Territory of Kansas" between the dates of January 1, 1855 and June 30, 1855 to the House of Representatives to comply with an earlier request Kansas
  Kansas becomes a state
  Franklin Pierce
May 19, 1856 Charles Sumner begins his "Crime against Kansas" speech, which concludes tomorrow Kansas
  Bleeding Kansas
  Sumner and Brooks
  Preston S. Brooks
  Charles Sumner
  Kansas becomes a state
May 21, 1856 Samuel Jones, a pro-slavery sheriff leads a band of border ruffians on a raid against Lawrence, Kansas Kansas
  Bleeding Kansas
May 22, 1856 Preston Brooks attacks Charles Sumner in the well of the Senate
  Preston S. Brooks
  Sumner and Brooks
  Charles Sumner
May 24, 1856
May 25, 1856
Pottawatomie Massacre - John Brown kills five pro-slavers along this Kansas Creek Kansas
  Bleeding Kansas
  John Brown
June 2, 1856
June 6, 1856
Democratic Convention - After 14 ballots, sitting President Franklin Pierce withdraws his name from nomination. Stephen Douglas withdraws at the end of the 16th ballot. James Buchanan is nominated by acclamation Maryland
  Stephen A. Douglas
  Election of 1856
  James Buchanan
  Franklin Pierce
  Democratic Party
June 2, 1856 Battle of Blackjack, near Baldwin in Douglas County Kansas
  Bleeding Kansas
June 2, 1856 A committee of the House of Representatives recommends Rep. Brooks be expelled and Rep. Laurence Keitt be censured for the attack on Sen. Charles Sumner. Although the resolution fails, both men resign
  Preston S. Brooks
  Sumner and Brooks
June 17, 1856
June 19, 1856
Republican Convention nominates John C. Fremont for President.
  Election of 1856
  John C. Fremont
  Republican Party
July 4, 1856 Under direct orders from President Franklin Pierce, Edwin Vose Sumner leads 200 infantrymen into Topeka, Kansas, unlimbers his artillery and informs the freestaters they may not hold a convention. Kansas
  Edwin Vose Sumner
  Franklin Pierce
  Bleeding Kansas
July 8, 1856 Grand jury indicts Preston Brooks for the assault on Charles Sumner. He pleads guilty and pays a $300 fine
  Preston S. Brooks
  Sumner and Brooks
July 15, 1856 Following his attack on Charles Sumner on the floor of the House, Preston S. Brooks resigns.
  Preston S. Brooks
August 1, 1856 Preston S. Brooks is elected to Congress to fill the vacancy he created by resigning South Carolina
  Preston S. Brooks
August 16, 1856 Battle of Fort Titus Kansas
  Bleeding Kansas
August 30, 1856 Battle at Osawatomie - 12 Free-staters under Capt. John Brown are attacked by 250 pro-slavery men
  Bleeding Kansas
  John Brown
September 15, 1856 Battle of Hickory Point Kansas
September 17, 1856 Whig Convention, meeting in Baltimore, selects the same candidate for President as the American Party, Millard Fillmore
  Millard Fillmore
November 4, 1856 Democrats James Buchanan and John C. Breckinridge defeat Republicans John C. Fremont and William Dayton and American (Know-Nothing) Party candidates Millard Fillmore and Andrew Donelson
  Election of 1856
  James Buchanan
  Millard Fillmore
  John Breckinridge
  John C. Fremont
  Republican Party
  Democratic Party

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