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Civil War Timeline / Chronology for 1846

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March 11, 1846 U. S. troops move into disputed land between Nueces and Rio Grande Rivers Texas
  Mexican American War
March 28, 1846 U. S. troops reach the Rio Grande Texas
April 7, 1846 John Slidell informs James Polk that the Mexican government has refused to recognize him as ambassador.
  James Polk
April 23, 1846 Congress authorizes the termination of the agreement with Great Britain on the Oregon Territory. Oregon
April 25, 1846 United States troops, sent to the disputed portion of the Texas border to provoke an incident, are attacked by Mexican troops, precipitating the Mexican-American War Texas
  Mexican American War
  William Hardee
May 8, 1846 Zachary Taylor wins the battle of Palo Alto
  Mexican American War
  Zachary Taylor
May 9, 1846 Zachary Taylor wins the battle of Resaca de la Palma
  Mexican American War
  Zachary Taylor
May 11, 1846 James Polk informs Congress about Mexican agression in territory claimed by both the United States and Mexico Texas
  James Polk
  Mexican American War
May 13, 1846 United States declares war on Mexico
  Mexican American War
May 23, 1846 Mexico declares war against the United States
  Mexican American War
June 15, 1846 The Treaty of Washington (Oregon Treaty) is signed Oregon
June 26, 1846 Dragoons and volunteers leave Fort Leavenworth and head west to reinforce California and seize San Diego and Los Angeles. They return from a successful mission in August, 1847 Kansas
  Mexican American War
July 1, 1846 Graduating from West Point (rank): George B. McClellan (2), John Gray Foster (4), Jesse Lee Reno (8), Darius Nash Couch (13) Thomas Jonathan Jackson later Stonewall Jackson(17), Truman Seymour (19), Charles Champion Gilbert (21), John Adams (25), Samuel Davis Sturgis (32), George Stoneman (33), William Duncan Smith (35) Dabney Herndon Maury (37), Innis Newton Palmer (38), David Rumph Jones (41), Alfred Gibbs (42), George Henry Gordon (43), Cadmus Marcellus Wilcox (54), William Montgomery Gardner (55), Samuel Bell Maxey (58), George Edward Pickett (59)
  George McClellan
  Darius Couch
  Stonewall Jackson
  George Stoneman
July 30, 1846 Walker Tariff (Tariff of 1846) is signed into law by President James Polk. It replaces tariffs on specific goods with an ad valorum tariff
  James Polk
August 6, 1846 Second Independent Treasury Act signed into law by James Polk
  James Polk
August 8, 1846 U. S. President James Polk requests 2 million dollars to purchase land from Mexico following the Mexican-American War. David Wilmot of Pennsylvania attaches the "Wilmot Proviso" to this bill. It passes in the House but is tabled in the Senate. Pennsylvania
  Wilmot Proviso
  Wilmot Proviso [full text]
  Causes of the Civil War
  James Polk
  John A. McClernand
  Stephen A. Douglas
August 19, 1846 Zachary Taylor begins a move toward Monterrey
  Mexican American War
  Zachary Taylor
September 21, 1846
September 23, 1846
Battle of Monterrey, Mexico
  Mexican American War
  Zachary Taylor
  George Thomas
December 28, 1846 Iowa is admitted as a free state. It is the 29th state and the slave-free balance in the Senate is 15-14. Iowa

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