Georgia's Blue and Gray Trail Presents America's Civil War


Blue and Gray Trail
Civil War Encyclopedia
Civil War in Georgia
On the Blue and Gray Trail
Civil War by state
Today in the Civil War
This year in the Civil War
Battles
Images
Places
Feature Stories
Links
Search


The Civil War in Virginia
Philippi
Confession of Nat Turner
Virginia Secession Convention
Battle of Dranesville
Battle of Rich Mountain
Malvern Hill by Herman Melville
Battle of Appomattox
Appomattox (or Appomattox Court House)
Surrender At Appomattox
Army of Northern Virginia
Battle of Ball's Bluff
Battle of Chantilly
Battle of Drewrys Bluff
Battle of Fair Oaks - Seven Pines
Battle of Glendale
Battle of Malvern Hill
Battle of Oak Grove
Battle of Savage's Station
Battle of Beaver Dam Creek
First Manassas - First Bull Run
Battle of Cedar Mountain
Chancellorsville
Confederate Order of Secession
Jubal Anderson Early
John Floyd
Fredericksburg
Battle of Gaines Mill
Samuel Garland
Robert E. Lee
Encounter at the Marshall House
Mine Run Campaign
John Mosby
Peninsula Campaign
Richmond, Virginia
Seven Days Retreat
Siege of Petersburg
Siege of Yorktown
Stuart's Ride Around McClellan
Battle of Williamsburg
September 11, 1786
September 14, 1786
The Annapolis Convention (in Maryland) backs calling a Constitutional Convention to begin in May, 1787 in Philadelphia Maryland
Virginia
New Jersey
Delaware
New York
Pennsylvania
December 15, 1791 Virginia ratifies the first set of amendments to the Constitution. Only 10 of the proposed 12 amendments are ratified by 11 or more states. These ten amendments are known as the "Bill of Rights" Virginia
January 19, 1807 Robert E. Lee is born, Westmoreland County, Virgina Virginia
  Robert E. Lee
July 31, 1816 George Thomas born, Southhampton County, Virginia Virginia
  George Thomas
January 21, 1824 Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson born, Clarksburg, Virginia (today, West Virginia). West Virginia
Virginia
July 4, 1831 Date chosen for Nat Turner's rebellion. It was postponed because Turner was sick. Virginia
  Nat Turner and the Slave Revolt
November 5, 1831 Nat Turner is tried and convicted for leading a slave uprising Virginia
  Nat Turner and the Slave Revolt
December 6, 1836 [circa] Casting operations begin at Tredegar Iron Works Virginia
February 12, 1837 Tredegar Iron Company secures a charter from the state to become a corporation Virginia
May 22, 1847 Skilled white workers at Tredegar Iron Mill in Richmond, VA, tell Joseph Anderson they intend to strike if slaves are used in puddling operations Virginia
  Richmond, Virginia
May 26, 1847 Joseph Anderson fires skilled white workers who protest the use of slaves in some jobs at the Tredegar Iron Mill Virginia
August 13, 1851 Thomas Jackson becomes a teacher at Virginia Military Institute Virginia
December 2, 1859 John Brown is hung in Charleston, Virginia (present-day West Virginia) for the raid on Harper's Ferry Virginia
West Virginia
  John Brown
June 11, 1860 Southern delegates hold a National Democratic convention in Richmond. Party leaders urge a "wait and see" approach. Virginia
  1860 Democratic National Convention
  Richmond, Virginia
  Robert Barnwell Rhett
  Democratic Party
June 26, 1860
June 28, 1860
Southern Democrats hold a convention in Richmond where they select John C. Breckinridge as their nominee for President Virginia
  The Election of 1860
  1860 Democratic National Convention
  Richmond, Virginia
  John Breckinridge
  1860 (Southern) Democratic Party Platform
  Democratic Party
January 7, 1861 Virginia calls a special session of its Assembly to consider convening a convention on the question of secession. Virginia
  Virginia Secession Convention
January 14, 1861 Virginia Assembly approves a convention to consider secession Virginia
  Virginia Secession Convention
January 19, 1861 Virginia calls for a peace conference Virginia
  Washington Peace Convention
  Virginia Secession Convention
February 4, 1861 Elections in Virginia create a pro-Union secessionist convention Virginia
  Virginia Secession Convention
February 13, 1861 In Richmond, former President John Tyler and former Virginia governor Henry Wise lead the notables who meet for the first time as Virginia's secessionist convention. Virginia
  John Tyler
  Virginia Secession Convention
April 3, 1861 A "test vote" in the Virginia convention shows a 2-1 margin against secession Virginia
  Virginia Secession Convention
April 4, 1861 Virginia's secessionist convention votes 80-45 against secession. Virginia
  Virginia Secession Convention
April 17, 1861 Virgina Secession Convention approves the wording of a referendum of secession and calls for a popular vote to approve it. Virginia
  Confederate Order of Secession
  Virginia Ordinance of Secession
  Virginia Secession Convention
April 18, 1861 Robert E. Lee is offered command of the United States Army Virginia
  Robert E. Lee
April 18, 1861 Federal forces withdraw from Harpers Ferry West Virginia
Virginia
  Harpers Ferry
April 19, 1861 Virginia forces take control of Harpers Ferry West Virginia
Virginia
  Harpers Ferry
April 20, 1861 Robert E. Lee resigns his commission in the United States Army Virginia
  Robert E. Lee
April 20, 1861 Federal troops scuttle ships at the the Gosport Naval Yard and evacuate Norfolk, Virginia Virginia
April 23, 1861 Nominated by Governor Letcher of Virginia and approved by the Assembly on the previous day, Robert E. Lee assumes command of Virginia's militia Virginia
  Robert E. Lee
April 23, 1861 Virginia secessionist convention ratifies a temporary union with the Confederacy and accepts the Southern Constitution, subject to approval of the ordnance of secession Virginia
  Virginia Secession Convention
April 27, 1861 Lincoln extends the blockade to include Virginia and North Carolina Virginia
North Carolina
  Abraham Lincoln
April 27, 1861 Virginia offers Richmond to be the Confederate capital. Virginia
  Richmond, Virginia
May 1, 1861 Robert E. Lee orders Stonewall Jackson to remove the weapons and equipment from the arsenal at Harpers Ferry West Virginia
Virginia
  Harpers Ferry
  Robert E. Lee
  Stonewall Jackson
May 3, 1861 General Winfield Scott orders troops to seize Arlington Heights, overlooking Washington D. C. Virginia
  Winfield Scott
  Washington D. C.
May 21, 1861 Confederate Congress votes to move its capital from Montgomery to Richmond Alabama
Virginia
  Richmond, Virginia
May 23, 1861 Virginia ratifies the Secessionist Convention referendum by a vote of 132,201 to 37,451 Virginia
  Confederate Order of Secession
  Virginia Secession Convention
May 24, 1861 Federal forces occupy Alexandria Virginia
May 28, 1861 Robert Anderson assumes command of the Department of Kentucky. Irvin McDowell assumes command of the Department of Northeastern Virginia Virginia
  Robert Anderson
  Irvin McDowell
May 31, 1861 P. G. T. Beauregard ordered to assume command of the Alexandria Line Virginia
  Army of Northern Virginia
June 3, 1861 Battle of Philippi

First land engagement of the Civil War between American and Confederate forces
West Virginia
Virginia
  George McClellan
  Philippi
  Operations in Western Virginia
  Civil War Firsts
June 8, 1861 Virginia turns its state militia over to the Confederate States of America Virginia
June 23, 1861 Thomas Jackson destroys 42 engines and nearly 400 cars of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad at Martinsburg, Virginia Virginia
West Virginia
  Stonewall Jackson
  Baltimore and Ohio Railroad
July 2, 1861 General Robert Patterson crosses the Potomac at Williamsport, Maryland and moves towards Harpers Ferry. Virginia
Maryland
  Harpers Ferry
July 21, 1861 (First) Manassas (Confederate)
(First) Bull Run (Union)

About 25 miles southwest of Washington the first major battle of the Civil War pits Irvin McDowell [US] against P. G. T. Beauregard [CS] and Joe Johnston [CS].
Virginia
  William Tecumseh Sherman
  First Manassas - First Bull Run
  P. G. T. Beauregard
  Irvin McDowell
  Joseph E. Johnston
  Army of Northern Virginia
  James Longstreet
  John B. Gordon
  Stonewall Jackson
  Richard Ewell
  Samuel Garland
  Ambrose Burnside
  Samuel Heintzelman
August 7, 1861 John Bankhead Magruder burns the village of Hampton, near Fort Monroe. General Benjamin Butler had been planning to use it to house "contraband." (Butler's word for slaves) Virginia
  John Magruder
  Benjamin Butler
August 26, 1861 Battle of (Kessler's) Cross Lanes

General John Floyd routs an Ohio regiment
Virginia
  John Floyd
  Operations in Western Virginia
October 3, 1861 Battle of Greenbriar Virginia
  Operations in Western Virginia
October 20, 1861 George McClellan orders a demonstration in the area of Ball's Bluff Virginia
October 21, 1861 Battle of Leesburg [CS]
Battle of Ball's Bluff [US]
Battle of Harrison Island [US]

General Nathan Evans [CS] defeats General Charles Stone [US]. Oregon Senator Edward Baker, field commander, becomes the first (and only) sitting senator to die in battle.
Virginia
  Battle of Ball's Bluff
  Civil War Firsts
November 4, 1861 Major General Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson assumes command of the Shenandoah Valley District Virginia
  Stonewall Jackson
December 20, 1861 Battle of Dranesville Virginia
  J. E. B. Stuart
  Edward O. C. Ord
  Samuel Garland
  Battle of Dranesville
February 18, 1862 The first Congress meets in Richmond, Virginia. Prior to this time, legislative duties had been carried out by secessionist convention Virginia
March 8, 1862 Joseph E. Johnston orders the Confederate Army of the Potomac to withdraw from Centerville/Manassas to the Rappahannock River based on reports from JEB Stuart of increased Yankee activity Virginia
  Joseph E. Johnston
  Army of Northern Virginia
  J. E. B. Stuart
March 9, 1862 Battle of Hampton Roads

The duel of the ironclads, The Monitor and The Merrimac (CSS Virginia). First use of a turreted gun.
Virginia
  Hampton Roads
  Civil War Firsts
March 17, 1862 George McClellan begins transporting his men to Fort Monroe for the Peninsula Campaign Virginia
  George McClellan
  Peninsula Campaign
March 20, 1862 Threatened by Stonewall Jackson, Nathaniel Banks withdraws from Strasburg to Winchester Virginia
  Stonewall Jackson
  Nathaniel Banks
March 23, 1862 Battle of Kernstown

In the first battle of the Shenandoah Campaign, Major General Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson [CS] loses to Brig. General James Shields [US]
Virginia
  Stonewall Jackson
April 5, 1862
May 4, 1862
Siege of Yorktown

George McClellan invests Yorktown until Joe Johnston completes a withdrawal on May 4.
Virginia
  Joseph E. Johnston
  George McClellan
  Peninsula Campaign
  Siege of Yorktown
  William Farrar Smith
  Gouverneur K. Warren
April 16, 1862 Battle of Dam No. 1

Attempting to break the Yorktown Line, forces under General Winfield Scott Hancock [CS] engage General John Magruder [CS]. This battle is sometimes noted as the Battle of Lee's Mill or Burnt Chimneys.
Virginia
  Lafayette McLaws
  Siege of Yorktown
  Peninsula Campaign
  John Magruder
May 5, 1862 Battle of Williamsburg

Major General James Longstreet [CS] nearly defeats Major General "Fighting Joe" Hooker [US] during a rear-guard action.
Virginia
  Peninsula Campaign
  James Longstreet
  Lafayette McLaws
  George McClellan
  Battle of Williamsburg
  William Farrar Smith
  Winfield Scott Hancock
  Jubal Anderson Early
  Joseph Hooker
  Samuel Garland
  Samuel Heintzelman
May 7, 1862 Battle of West Point
Battle of Eltham's Landing

General William B. Franklin [US] skirmishes with General John Bell Hood [CS]
Virginia
  John Bell Hood
  William B. Franklin
  Peninsula Campaign
May 8, 1862 Battle of McDowell

Stonewall Jackson defeats Robert Milroy in the Shenandoah Valley
Virginia
  Stonewall Jackson
May 9, 1862 Confederates withdraw from Norfolk, destroying the base as they leave Virginia
  Benjamin Huger
  Peninsula Campaign
May 11, 1862 Confederate soldiers scuttle the C.S.S. Virginia near Norfolk Virginia
May 23, 1862 Battle of Front Royal Virginia
  Stonewall Jackson
May 25, 1862 Battle of Winchester,

Stonewall Jackson [CS] defeats Nathaniel Banks [US]
Virginia
  Stonewall Jackson
  Nathaniel Banks
May 27, 1862 Battle of Hanover Court House Virginia
  George McClellan
  Peninsula Campaign
  Gouverneur K. Warren
  Fitz-John Porter
May 31, 1862
June 1, 1862
Battle of Seven Pines [US]
Battle of Fair Oaks [CS]
Virginia
  Joseph E. Johnston
  George McClellan
  Peninsula Campaign
  Battle of Fair Oaks - Seven Pines
  James Longstreet
  Edwin Vose Sumner
  John B. Gordon
  Oliver O. Howard
  Daniel Harvey Hill
  Benjamin Huger
  John Sedgwick
  Samuel Garland
  Darius Couch
May 31, 1862 Joseph E. Johnston severly wounded during the Battle of Fair Oaks Virginia
  Joseph E. Johnston
June 6, 1862 Battle of Harrisonburg Virginia
June 8, 1862 Battle of Cross Keys
Battle of Union Church

While Robert Ewell [CS] defeated John Fremont [US], Stonewall Jackson guarded Ewell's rear against an attack by James Shields [US].
Virginia
  John C. Fremont
  Stonewall Jackson
June 9, 1862 Battle of Port Republic

Leaving a brigade to protect against action by Fremont, Robert Ewell [CS] crosses the Shenandoah in support of Stonewall Jackson [CS] in his action againt James Shields [US], resulting in a Confederate victory
Virginia
  Stonewall Jackson
June 12, 1862
June 15, 1862
J. E. B. Stuart "rides around the Union Army," raiding supplies and battling small groups of Yankess during the Peninsula Campaign. Virginia
  J. E. B. Stuart
  Peninsula Campaign
  Stuart's Ride Around McClellan
  John Mosby
June 18, 1862 Union forces capture the Cumberland Gap Virginia
Kentucky
Tennessee
June 23, 1862 Robert E. Lee plans a counterattack against Union forces preparing to lay siege to Richmond at the Dabbs House Virginia
  Robert E. Lee
  Seven Days Retreat
  Stonewall Jackson
  Daniel Harvey Hill
  James Longstreet
June 25, 1862 Battle of Oak Grove
Battle of The Orchards

Joseph Hooker [US] tries to push forward to gain ground for better positioning of McClellan's siege guns
Virginia
  George McClellan
  Seven Days Retreat
  Battle of Oak Grove
  Joseph Hooker
  Benjamin Huger
June 25, 1862
July 1, 1862
A series of closely linked battles known as The Seven Days Battle or The Seven Day Retreat start near Mechanicsville as the Army of the Potomac begins its advance to Richmond. Virginia
  George McClellan
  Seven Days Retreat
  Robert E. Lee
June 26, 1862 Battle of Mechanicsville [CS]
Battle of Beaver Dam Creek [US]
Battle of Ellerson's Mill [Alternate]
Battle of Ellison's Mill [Alternate:misspelling]

Daniel Harvey Hill [CS] attacks Fitz-John Porter [US].
Virginia
  Seven Days Retreat
  George McClellan
  Battle of Beaver Dam Creek
  Fitz-John Porter
  A. P. Hill
  Robert E. Lee
  George Meade
  John Reynolds
June 27, 1862 Battle of Gaines Mill [US]
Battle of First Cold Harbor [CS]
Battle of the Chickahominy [Alternate]

John Bell Hood [CS] and George Pickett [CS] breakthrough Fitz John Porter's [US] line, forcing Union troops south of the Chickahominy River and severing McClellan's supply line to Eltham's Landing (White House, West Point)
Virginia
  Seven Days Retreat
  John Bell Hood
  Battle of Gaines Mill
  Daniel Harvey Hill
  A. P. Hill
  Fitz-John Porter
  Gouverneur K. Warren
  George Pickett
  George Meade
  John Reynolds
June 29, 1862 Battle of Savage's Station Virginia
  George McClellan
  Lafayette McLaws
  Seven Days Retreat
  Edwin Vose Sumner
  Battle of Savage's Station
June 29, 1862 Battle of Peach Orchard
Battle of Orchard Station [Alt.]
Battle of Allen's Farm [Alt.]
Virginia
  Seven Days Retreat
  John Magruder
  Edwin Vose Sumner
June 29, 1862 During the Battle of Peach Orchard Confederate Brigadier General Richard Griffith is killed by an artillery blast Virginia
  Generals Who Died In the Civil War
June 30, 1862 Battle of Frayser's Farm
Battle of White Oak Swamp [Alt.]
Battle of Glendale
Many other names

Robert E. Lee's [CS] last chance to cut the Army of the Potomac in two. George McClellan [US] withdraws to Malvern Hill.
Virginia
  Seven Days Retreat
  Battle of Glendale
  Samuel Heintzelman
  George Meade
  Joseph Hooker
  James Longstreet
  A. P. Hill
July 1, 1862 Battle of Malvern Hill
Battle of Malvern Cliffs

Robert E. Lee [CS] attacked George B. McClellan [U.S.], whose men made a gallant stand in front of the James River. Lee called off his attack after failing to break the Union line.
Virginia
  George McClellan
  Robert E. Lee
  Lafayette McLaws
  Seven Days Retreat
  Battle of Malvern Hill
  Fitz-John Porter
  Darius Couch
July 8, 1862 Abraham Lincoln visits with George McClellan at Harrison's Landing Virginia
  Abraham Lincoln
  George McClellan
July 16, 1862
September 1, 1862
Northern Virginia Campaign - sometimes just called the Virginia Campaign. Virginia
  Northern Virginia Campaign
August 5, 1862 Union forces under Joseph Hooker retake Malvern Hill with only light Confederate resistance. These troops withdraw the next day. Virginia
  Joseph Hooker
August 9, 1862 Battle of Cedar Mountain [US]
Battle of Slaughter Mountain [CS]
Other names: Cedar Run, Cedar Run Mountain, Southwest Mountain

Stonewall Jackson [CS] defeats Nathaniel Banks [US].
Virginia
  A. P. Hill
  Northern Virginia Campaign
  Jubal Anderson Early
  Battle of Cedar Mountain
  Richard Ewell
  Army of Virginia
  Nathaniel Banks
August 13, 1862 Robert E. Lee issues orders in preparation for the Army of Northern Virginia's movement north to engage John Pope's [US] Army of Virginia Virginia
  Robert E. Lee
  Army of Northern Virginia
August 14, 1862 Under orders from Halleck, McClellan withdraws from the Peninsula Virginia
  Henry Halleck
  George McClellan
August 26, 1862 Fitzhugh Lee [CS] captures the rail depot at Manassas Junction setting in motion a chain of events that culminate in Second Manassas Virginia
  Northern Virginia Campaign
  Second Manassas - Second Bull Run
August 27, 1862 Battle of Kettle Run Virginia
  Northern Virginia Campaign
  Second Manassas - Second Bull Run
  Joseph Hooker
August 27, 1862 Stonewall Jackson [CS] destroys Army of Virginia supply base at Manassas Junction Virginia
  Stonewall Jackson
  Northern Virginia Campaign
  Second Manassas - Second Bull Run
  Army of Virginia
August 27, 1862 With Stonewall Jackson on his flank, John Pope is forced to withdraw from the Rappahanock. Pope does not realize that roughly half the Confederate army is between his position and Washington, D. C. Virginia
  Stonewall Jackson
  Northern Virginia Campaign
  John Pope
  Second Manassas - Second Bull Run
August 28, 1862 Battle of Groveton
Battle of Brawner's Farm

Stonewall Jackson [CS] engages Rufus King [US] near Manassas after eluding John Pope [US].
Virginia
  Northern Virginia Campaign
  Stonewall Jackson
  John Pope
  Second Manassas - Second Bull Run
  Richard Ewell
  Army of Virginia
August 28, 1862 Robert E. Lee and James Longstreet arrive at Manassas from the peninsula Virginia
  James Longstreet
  Robert E. Lee
August 29, 1862
August 30, 1862
Second Manassas[CS]
Second Bull Run[US]

General John Pope [US] lost to General Robert E. Lee[CS]. General James Longstreet's [CS] 28,000 man assault on August 30 was the largest simultaneous assault of the war in this Confederate victory.

Union losses 13,830

Confederate losses 8,350

Also includes: Manassas Plains, Gainesville
Virginia
  James Longstreet
  Robert E. Lee
  Stonewall Jackson
  Army of Northern Virginia
  Second Manassas - Second Bull Run
  Fitz-John Porter
  Northern Virginia Campaign
  John Pope
  Gouverneur K. Warren
  John Reynolds
  Army of Virginia
  Joseph Hooker
  Samuel Heintzelman
September 1, 1862 Battle of Chantilly
Union Major General Phillip Kearny [US] is shot and killed when he crosses Rebel lines while riding his horse. Gen Issac I. Stevens [US] is also killed
Virginia
  Generals Who Died In the Civil War
  Battle of Chantilly
September 12, 1862
September 15, 1862
Battle of Harpers Ferry

Stonewall Jackson takes 12,000 prisoners
Maryland
Virginia
  Stonewall Jackson
  Battle of Harpers Ferry
  Harpers Ferry
  Lafayette McLaws
  Antietam
September 19, 1862
September 20, 1862
Skirmishes at Shepherdstown, Ashby's Gap, Williamsport, and Hagerstown, as Confederates under A. P. Hill covered the retreat of the Army of Northern Virginia from Sharpsburg. Lee would keep a heavy cavalry presence in the area until October. Maryland
Virginia
West Virginia
  Antietam
  A. P. Hill
  Army of Northern Virginia
October 1, 1862 Abraham Lincoln visits Harper's Ferry on his way to Antietam Virginia
West Virginia
  Abraham Lincoln
November 17, 1862 Burnsides Right Grand Division, under the command of Edwin Vose Sumner arrives north of the Rappahannock River at Fredericksburg. Virginia
  Edwin Vose Sumner
  Fredericksburg
December 11, 1862 Federal forces occupy the city of Fredericksburg Virginia
  Fredericksburg
January 5, 1863 Following two days of off and on skirmishing around Jonesville, Confederates surround the Union force and take 200 prisoners after a pitched battle. Virginia
March 13, 1863 An explosion in the Confederate Ordinance Laboratory on Brown's Island in the James River near Tredegar Iron Works in Richmond kills 69 people, 62 of them women and young girls. A friction primer exploded. Virginia
March 17, 1863 Battle of Kelly's Ford.

Federal cavalry under William Woods Averall crossed the ford of the Rappahannock River then ran into a Rebel line. After brief but heavy fighting, the Yankees withdrew that afternoon. Major John "The Gallant" Pelham [CS] was killed in this battle. He would posthumously be promoted to Lt. Colonel.
Virginia
April 2, 1863 A mob demands bread from a supply wagon in Richmond, starting the so-called Bread Riot. The mob looted other stores and was personally addressed by Jefferson Davis, who tossed the money from his pocket into the crowd. Police and soldiers eventually dispersed the crowd. Virginia
  Jefferson Davis
April 12, 1863 Siege of Suffolk

General James Longstreet surrounds Suffolk in southeastern Virginia
Virginia
  James Longstreet
April 30, 1863 Army of the Potomac forces set up camp in The Wilderness surrounding the Chancellor family home after crossing the Rappahannock River Virginia
  Army of the Potomac
  Chancellorsville
May 1, 1863
May 4, 1863
Battle of Chancellorsville

General "Fighting Joe" Hooker's Army of the Potomac is defeated by Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia as it crosses the Rappahannock on the way to Richmond

Union: 17,268

Confederate: 12,821
Virginia
  Robert E. Lee
  Joseph Hooker
  Bloodiest Civil War battles
  Stonewall Jackson
  Army of Northern Virginia
  Army of the Potomac
  Lafayette McLaws
  Chancellorsville
  John Reynolds
  Darius Couch
  George Stoneman
May 2, 1863 General Stonewall Jackson is shot 3 times in a friendly fire incident Virginia
  Stonewall Jackson
  Generals Who Died In the Civil War
  Chancellorsville
May 3, 1863 Second Battle of Fredericksburg

John Sedgwick drives Jubal Early south past the city of Fredericksburg. The following day, as Early prepares to counterattack he finds the city empty. Sedgwick had followed the river west to aid the Army of the Potomac at Chancellorsville
Virginia
  Jubal Anderson Early
  John Sedgwick
  Chancellorsville
May 3, 1863
May 4, 1863
Battle of Salem Church
Battle of Banks Ford

Wilcox's Brigade of Early's Division stops the Union IV Army Corps with a position around rural Salem Church. Sedgwick decided to withdraw to the north when Lee reinforces Wilcox with two divisions and Early moves on Sedgwick's rear.
Virginia
  John Sedgwick
  Jubal Anderson Early
  Chancellorsville
May 10, 1863 Stonewall Jackson dies at a field hospital near Guiney Station, VA, Virginia
  Stonewall Jackson
  Generals Who Died In the Civil War
May 13, 1863 General Robert E. Lee rides from Fredricksburg to Richmond, Virginia Virginia
May 15, 1863 A portion of the Tredegar Iron Works and a nearby flour mill burn. Virginia
  Richmond, Virginia
June 9, 1863 Battle of Brandy Station

Largest cavalry battle on American soil pitted Alfred Pleasonton [US] against Jeb Stuart [CS].
Virginia
  J. E. B. Stuart
  The Gettysburg Campaign
June 13, 1863
June 15, 1863
Battle of Winchester

Ordered to withdraw because of the approach of the Army of Northern Virginia, Major General Robert Milroy [US] tried to hold his position in Winchester. By afternoon on the 14th, he realized his mistake and decided to withdraw that evening. Dick Ewell [CS] ordered a division to camp north of the town to prevent such a move and Milroy found himself trapped. Confederates captured or killed the 6000 men in the city.
Virginia
  Richard Ewell
  The Gettysburg Campaign
  Army of Northern Virginia
August 2, 1863 Following Lee's retreat from Gettysburg, the Army of Northern Virginia and the Army of the Potomac establish lines with Virginia's Rappahannock River between them. Virginia
  Army of the Potomac
  Army of Northern Virginia
September 9, 1863 James Longstreet leaves Virginia with his corps to reinforce the Army of Tennessee Georgia
Virginia
  James Longstreet
September 13, 1863 Sensing a change in Lee's lines, George Meade [US] pushes the Army of the Potomac to the Rapidan River Virginia
  George Meade
October 6, 1863 President Davis heads south from Richmond on a trip to South Carolina and North Georgia Virginia
  Jefferson Davis
October 9, 1863 Robert E. Lee [CS] and the Army of Northern Virginia crosses the Rapidan in an attempt to outflank the Army of the Potomac. Virginia
  Robert E. Lee
  Army of the Potomac
  Army of Northern Virginia
October 10, 1863 George Meade [US] withdraws to the Rappahannock River Virginia
  George Meade
October 11, 1863 Heavy skirmishing breaks out across a wide front in Virginia as the Army of Northern Virginia and the Army of the Potomac clash between the Rappahannock and Rapidan Rivers. Virginia
  Army of the Potomac
  Army of Northern Virginia
October 14, 1863 Battle of Bristol Station

A. P. Hill strikes George Meade as he withdraws to the Rappahannock River. Meade had strongly fortified his rear guard defenses, easily repelling Hill's corps.
Virginia
  A. P. Hill
  George Meade
October 19, 1863 In an all-cavalry battle, J. E. B. Stuart [CS] routed Judson Kilpatrick [US] in the battle of Buckland Mills (sometimes called the Buckland Races) Virginia
  J. E. B. Stuart
November 7, 1863 Battle of Rappahanock Station
Battle of Kelly's Ford

George Meade, re-armed and re-supplied, crosses the Rappahannock and begins advancing on the Army of Northern Virginia. Although only two engagements were large enough to be called battles, heavy skirmishing marked the day.
Virginia
  George Meade
November 26, 1863 George Meade crosses the Rapidan River attempting to turn Lee's right flank, starting the Mine Run Campaign Virginia
  Mine Run Campaign
November 27, 1863 General William French [US] 5th Corps is attacked by Edward Johnson [CS] and his Confederate division near Payne Farm. Virginia
  Mine Run Campaign
November 29, 1863 General G. K. Warren, ordered to move to Lee's right flank, arrives at his position late and decides to dig in and wait until morning. Virginia
  Mine Run Campaign
November 30, 1863 G. K. Warren [US] decides not to attack the reinforced Rebel line near Mine Run. Virginia
  Mine Run Campaign
December 2, 1863 Meade withdraws to north of the Rapidan, ending the brief Mine Run Campaign Virginia
  Mine Run Campaign
February 9, 1864 109 Union officers led by Colonel Thomas Rose escape from Libby Prison on the banks of the James River in Richmond. 59 reach Union lines Virginia
  Richmond, Virginia
February 29, 1864 General Judson Kilpatrick splits his force in two detaching 500 men under Ulric Dahlgreen to attack Richmond from the west Virginia
  Richmond, Virginia
March 1, 1864 Custis Lee, son of Robert E. Lee, turns back a force of 500 cavalry under Ulric Dahlgreen, 2 miles west of Richmond. General Judson Kilpatrick had called off a planned assault earlier in the day. Virginia
  Richmond, Virginia
March 2, 1864 Fitzhugh Lee [CS] traps Ulric Dalhgreen's cavalry following a raid on Richmond, killing Dahlgreen and 109 of his men. Virginia
April 18, 1864 General P. G. T. Beauregard is ordered to take command of the Department of North Carolina and Southern Virginia. Virginia
  P. G. T. Beauregard
April 20, 1864 General P. G. T. Beauregard [CS] is relieved of command of the Department of South Carolina, Georgia, and Florida so he can assume command of the Richmond (Virginia) defenses. Virginia
  P. G. T. Beauregard
  Richmond, Virginia
May 4, 1864 The final Spring Campaign of the Civil War began as the Army of the Potomac crossed the Rapidan River in Virginia and three smaller armys (Ohio, Tennessee and Cumberland) pushed deeper into Georgia. Georgia
Virginia
  Army of the Potomac
  Army of the Cumberland
  Army of the Tennessee
  Army of the Ohio
May 5, 1864
May 7, 1864
Battle of the Wilderness

Ulysses S. Grant [US] is badly beaten on the field by Robert E. Lee [CS] but rather than retreat, Grant advances to Spotsylvania Court House.

Union: 17,666

Confederate: 7,750
Virginia
  Bloodiest Civil War battles
  Robert E. Lee
  Ulysses S. Grant
  Army of Northern Virginia
  Overland Campaign
  James Longstreet
  Winfield Scott Hancock
  A. P. Hill
  Richard Ewell
  Gouverneur K. Warren
  John Sedgwick
May 5, 1864 Army of the James under General Benjamin Butler [US] lands at Bermuda Hundred and City Point, east of Petersburg. The Army is comprised of two corps totaling nearly 40,000 men. Virginia
  Benjamin Butler
  Quincy A. Gillmore
  William Farrar Smith
May 6, 1864 A half-hearted attack by the Army of the James on the Southside Railroad is repulsed by George Pickett [CS] Virginia
  George Pickett
  Army of the James
May 8, 1864
May 19, 1864
Battle of Spotsylvania Court House

In an inconclusive battle, General Ulysses S. Grant [US] and Robert E. Lee [CS] battle for days southwest of Fredericksburg

Union 18,399
Confederate 9,000
Virginia
  Robert E. Lee
  Ulysses S. Grant
  Bloodiest Civil War battles
  Army of Northern Virginia
  Overland Campaign
  Richard Ewell
May 9, 1864
May 24, 1864
Sheridan's Raid on Richmond Virginia
  Sheridans Raid on Richmond
  Richmond, Virginia
May 9, 1864 Battle of Cloyd's Mountain Virginia
  Rutherford B. Hayes
May 11, 1864 Battle of Yellow Tavern

J. E. B. Stuart [CS] is mortally wounded in losing to Phillip Sheridan
Virginia
  Overland Campaign
  Philip Sheridan
  J. E. B. Stuart
  Sheridans Raid on Richmond
  George Armstrong Custer
May 13, 1864 First soldier interred at Arlington National Cemetery Virginia
  Civil War National Cemeteries
  Civil War Firsts
May 15, 1864 Battle of New Market

Major General John Breckinridge [CS], using a ragtag force that included VMI cadets attacked Franz Sigel's [US] line near the north fork of the Shenandoah River. Sigel eventually withdrew to Strasburg.
Virginia
  John Breckinridge
May 31, 1864
June 12, 1864
Battle of Cold Harbor

Robert E. Lee [CS] defeats General Ulysses S. Grant [US] and General George Meade [US]
Virginia
  Army of Northern Virginia
  Robert E. Lee
  George Meade
  Ulysses S. Grant
  Gouverneur K. Warren
June 11, 1864
June 12, 1864
Battle of Trevilian Station

Phil Sheridan strikes Fitzhugh Lee and Wade Hampton, trying to reach Hunter at Charlottesville. In spite of initial success, he is turned back.
Virginia
  George Armstrong Custer
  Philip Sheridan
June 12, 1864 Finally admitting defeat at Cold Harbor, Ulysses S. Grant begins crossing the James River Virginia
  Army of the Potomac
  Ulysses S. Grant
June 15, 1864
April 2, 1865
Siege of Petersburg Virginia
  Robert E. Lee
  P. G. T. Beauregard
  Army of Northern Virginia
  Ulysses S. Grant
  Siege of Petersburg
June 15, 1864 Battle of Petersburg

William F. Smith [US] and Winfield Scott Hancock [US], with a combined army of nearly 30,000 men are held off by General P. G. T. Beauregard with about 4,000 men. Union force only gain Battery No. 5 and about a mile of the Dimmock Line
Virginia
  Ulysses S. Grant
  Siege of Petersburg
  Robert E. Lee
  P. G. T. Beauregard
  Winfield Scott Hancock
  William Farrar Smith
June 17, 1864
June 18, 1864
Battle of Richmond Turnpike Virginia
  Siege of Petersburg
June 17, 1864
June 18, 1864
Battle of Lynchburg Virginia
  John Breckinridge
  Rutherford B. Hayes
June 21, 1864
June 22, 1864
Battle of Meade Station Virginia
  Siege of Petersburg
June 25, 1864 Engineers begin digging a tunnel from Union lines under Confederate entrenchments Virginia
July 14, 1864 Crossing the Potomac at White's Ford near Leesburg, Jubal Early's division returns to Virginia Virginia
July 24, 1864 Second battle of Kernstown

Jubal Early's [CS] move to the Shenandoah Valley is blocked by George Crook [US], at least for a while. After a violent assault on the Union left by John Breckinridge the federal line broke and pulled back to Harpers Ferry
Virginia
  Jubal Anderson Early
  Rutherford B. Hayes
  John Breckinridge
  Harpers Ferry
July 30, 1864 Battle of the Crater or Crater Battle

After blowing explosives at the end of a 586-foot tunnel which in turn ignited four magazines, Union troops advance to the Crater at Petersburg. After 4 hours, though, they are forced to withdraw.
Virginia
  Siege of Petersburg
  Ambrose Burnside
August 1, 1864 Phil Sheridan [US] is named commander, Army of the Shenandoah Virginia
  Philip Sheridan
August 9, 1864 Explosion of an ordinance vessel rocks the wharves at City Point Virginia
August 18, 1864
August 19, 1864
Battle of the Weldon Railroad

After gaining the railroad, 5th Corps commander G. K. Warren [US] spread out over a mile of track, then turned north towards Petersburg, but the didn't get far before Henry Heth's [CS] Confederates stopped them. A counterattack by A. P. Hill the next day contained Warren's advances, but in the end federal troops still controlled the railroad
Virginia
  Siege of Petersburg
August 25, 1864 Battle of Reams Station

A. P. Hill [CS] continued his attempts to retake the Weldon Railroad, a vital supply link from Petersburg to North Carolina. Hill drove back the 2nd Corps under General Winfield Scott Hancock and although the battle is considered to be a Southern victory, Hancock's men continued to hold its position on the railroad
Virginia
  Siege of Petersburg
  A. P. Hill
  Winfield Scott Hancock
September 19, 1864 3rd battle of Winchester (Opequon Creek)

Phil Sheridan [US], with a force of 40,000 men, strikes Jubal Early's [CS] 14,000 man Confederate army north of Winchester. Sheridan simply overpowered the Confederates. General Robert E. Rodes was mortally wounded in the conflict.
Virginia
  Jubal Anderson Early
  Generals Who Died In the Civil War
  Philip Sheridan
September 22, 1864 Battle of Fisher's Hill

George Crook's [US] 8th Corps overpowers Jubal Early [CS] marking the start of Phil Sheridan's [US] destructive Shenandoah Valley campaign.
Virginia
September 29, 1864
October 2, 1864
Battle of Peebles' Farm

Hoping to extend his line westward south of Petersburg, George Meade pushed towards the Southside Railroad. Fighting occured at various farms throughout the rolling hills with most of the action occuring at Wyatt's, Peebles, and Pegram's farms, Chappell House, Poplar Spring Church and Vaughan Road
Virginia
September 29, 1864
September 30, 1864
Battle of Fort Harrison

Southeast of Richmond, Fort Harrison was the main bastion of a string of Rebel defenses. 3,000 men under George Stannard [US] swarmed over the fort, capturing it in less that 20 minutes. Robert E. Lee directed a counter-attack the following day that failed to regain the position
Virginia
September 30, 1864 Battle of Poplar Springs Church

G. K. Warren's [US] 5th Corps and John Parke's [US] 9th Corps are attacked by A. P. Hill [CS] at Squirrel Level Road southwest of Petersburg. Warren and Parke did extend the siege lines.
Virginia
  Siege of Petersburg
  A. P. Hill
October 9, 1864 Battle of Tom's Brook

Phil Sheridan ordered his cavalry to attack a detachment of Confederate cavalry that had been harassing his column. After a battle that covered almost 10 miles the Union cavalry stopped, having captured 300 Confederates
Virginia
October 27, 1864 Battle of Hatcher's Run Virginia
  Siege of Petersburg
October 27, 1864 Battle of Burgess Mill Virginia
  Siege of Petersburg
October 27, 1864 Battle of the Southside Railroad Virginia
  Siege of Petersburg
December 6, 1864 Battle of Stoney Creek Virginia
  Siege of Petersburg
February 3, 1865 On the River Queen five men, US President Abraham Lincoln, US Secretary of State William Seward, CS Vice-president Alexander Stephens, along with John Campbell and RMT Hunter discuss peace terms at the Hampton Roads Conference near Fort Monroe. The conference was a failure. Virginia
  Hampton Roads
  Abraham Lincoln
  William Seward
  Alexander Stephens
February 5, 1865 Battle of Hatchers Run (Petersburg) Virginia
March 2, 1865 Battle of Waynesborough

George Armstrong Custer [US] defeats Jubal Early [CS]
Virginia
  George Armstrong Custer
  Jubal Anderson Early
March 23, 1865 Abraham Lincoln leaves Washington for Ulysses S. Grant's headquarters in City Point. Virginia
  Abraham Lincoln
March 25, 1865 Battle of Fort Stedman

Confederates break Union line at Petersburg

General John B. Gordon captured Fort Stedman, a Union outpost on the line around besieged Petersburg, eventually punching a hole 3/4 of mile wide. Confederate units then made a desperate attempt to hit the federal supply base at City Point. With overwhelming force the federal troops turned back the advance, recaptured the fort and retook the lines
Virginia
  Siege of Petersburg
March 31, 1865 Battle of White Oak Road Virginia
  Siege of Petersburg
March 31, 1865 Battle of Dinwiddle Court House

In a tactical victory for the Confederates, George Pickett [CS] turns back Phil Sheridan cavalry and elements of the Fifth Corps.
Virginia
  George Pickett
  Philip Sheridan
April 1, 1865 Battle of Five Forks

George Pickett [CS] could not withstand the federal envelopment move around Petersburg that began here.
Virginia
  Siege of Petersburg
  Philip Sheridan
  Gouverneur K. Warren
  George Pickett
April 2, 1865 With the Petersburg line crumbling, Lee informs Davis he will abandon his position that evening. The Confederate government evacuates Richmond and Mayor Joseph Mayo surrenders the city to General Godfrey Weitzel. Virginia
  Richmond, Virginia
  Robert E. Lee
  Jefferson Davis
  Siege of Petersburg
April 3, 1865 Union troops occupy Petersburg and Richmond Virginia
  Richmond, Virginia
April 4, 1865 President Lincoln visits Richmond, walking to the Confederate White House among cheering crowds, mostly freed slaves. A detachment of 10 men protected him. Virginia
  Richmond, Virginia
  Abraham Lincoln
April 4, 1865 Battle of Jetersville Virginia
April 6, 1865 Battle of Sayler's Creek (Sailor's Creek)

George Meade [US] defeats John Gordon [CS], Dick Ewell [CS], and R. H. Anderson [CS]. Anderson and Ewell accidentally became separated from the main body of Lee's Army. 8,000 Confederate soldiers are forced to surrender
Virginia
  George Meade
  John B. Gordon
  Richard Ewell
April 7, 1865 Grant begans communication with Lee known as the "Surrender Letters." Virginia
  Surrender Letters
  Robert E. Lee
  Ulysses S. Grant
April 8, 1865 Battle of Appomattox Station

Cavalry under Phillip Sheridan strikes the rail depot south of the Appomattox Court House, driving Rebels back and capturing essential supplies
Virginia
  Appomattox (or Appomattox Court House)
  Battle of Appomattox
  Philip Sheridan
  George Armstrong Custer
April 9, 1865 After attempting to break-out of the Union envelopment, Robert E. Lee surrenders the Army of Northern Virginia to Ulysess S. Grant at the home of Wilmer McLean in Appomattox Court House Virginia
  Ulysses S. Grant
  Robert E. Lee
  Appomattox (or Appomattox Court House)
  Battle of Appomattox
  Surrender At Appomattox
  George Armstrong Custer
  James Longstreet
  Edward O. C. Ord
April 26, 1865 John Wilkes Booth is shot while fleeing a burning tobacco shed. Virginia
April 2, 1866 The United States declares that a state of peace exists with Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Mississippi, Louisiana, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee and Virginia Alabama
Georgia
Mississippi
Tennessee
South Carolina
Virginia
Florida
North Carolina
Arkansas
Louisiana
January 9, 1867 Virginia rejects the 14th Amendment Virginia
  14th Amendment
December 3, 1868 The treason trial of Jefferson Davis began in Richmond. Virginia
  Richmond, Virginia
April 10, 1869 The U. S. Congress passes An Act authorizing the Submission of the Constitutions of Virginia, Mississippi, and Texas to a Vote of the People, and authorizing the Election of State Officers, provided by the said Constitutions, and Members of Congress. Mississippi
Texas
Virginia
April 10, 1869 Georgia, Mississippi, Texas, and Virginia are required to ratify the 15th amendment Virginia
Texas
Mississippi
Georgia
October 8, 1869 Virgina ratifies the 14th Amendment Virginia
  14th Amendment
January 26, 1870 The state of Virginia is granted readmission to Congress if the members of the Legislature agree never to amend their state constitution to denay the Negro the right of suffrage, the right to hold office, or their educational privileges Virginia
October 12, 1870 Robert E. Lee dies from complications arising from a stoke. Virginia
  Robert E. Lee
July 3, 1926 Petersburg designated a National Military Park Virginia
August 13, 1935 Appomattox is declared a National Historical Monument Virginia
  Appomattox (or Appomattox Court House)
April 15, 1954 Appomattox Court House (or simply Appomattox) is deginated a National Historical Park Virginia
  Appomattox (or Appomattox Court House)
August 24, 1962 Petersburg Military Park designated a National Battlefield Virginia

Add to Google




Banner - Ancestry.com
The Blue and Gray Trail | The Civil War in Georgia | On the Blue and Gray Trail
Battles | Places | Events by year | Events by date | Feature Stories |
Bookstore | Links | Who We Are |