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The Civil War in Ohio
James McPherson
Clement Vallandigham
April 7, 1788 City of Marietta founded, making it the first permanent settlement in the Northwest Territories Ohio
March 23, 1818 Don Carlos Buell born near Marietta, Ohio Ohio
  Don Carlos Buell
April 27, 1822 Hiram Ulysses Grant (General Ulysses S. Grant) born, Point Pleasant, Clermont County, Ohio Ohio
  Ulysses S. Grant
January 17, 1824 A plan for the gradual emancipation of slaves, approved by the Ohio legislature, is sent to all the states. Ohio
January 1, 1836 James Birney begins publishing The Philanthropist, an abolition newspaper named for an earlier abolition newspaper for which Birney had written. The paper was published in Cincinnati, across the Ohio River from Kentucky, a slave state Ohio
  James Birney
July 12, 1836 The printing press used to publish The Philanthropist is destroyed by anti-abolitionists in Cincinnati Ohio
  James Birney
July 30, 1836 Mob destroys The Philanthropist 's printing press in Cincinnati for a second time Ohio
  James Birney
April 24, 1842 John Van Zandt conceals 9 slaves from Boone County, Kentucky who crossed the Ohio River in his wagon and takes them to his farm where he frees them Ohio
  Jones v. Van Zandt
June 21, 1848 The Ohio Mass Free Territory Convention dissolves the Liberty Party and agrees to join a Freesoil Convention in Buffalo. Ohio
  Election of 1848
April 23, 1861 George McClellan appointed Major General of the Ohio militia Ohio
  George McClellan
May 13, 1861 George McClellan [US] appointed Commander, Department of Ohio. The following day he is promoted major general, his rank in the Ohio militia. Only General-in-Chief Winfield Scott held a higher rank Ohio
  George McClellan
  Army of the Ohio
December 9, 1861 Clement Vallandigham sends a resolution to Abraham Lincoln, asking for "all proclamations, or orders... relating to the pending contest" Ohio
  Clement Vallandigham
  Abraham Lincoln
December 13, 1861 In a cabinet meeting, Lincoln and Seward discuss Ohio Representative Clement Vallandigham. Ohio
  Clement Vallandigham
July 30, 1862 The term Copperhead is used for the first time in writing by the Cincinnati Gazette. It was used to indicate people who would not admit they were Southern sympathizers, and "peace at any price" Democrats. People who did admit Southern sympathies were called "dough-heads." The paper used the term when refering to members of the Indiana Democratic Convention Ohio
Indiana
  copperhead
May 5, 1863 Former representative and a leader of the Peace Democrats, Clemont Vallandigham is arrested by the federal army. Ohio
  Clement Vallandigham
May 16, 1863 Judge H. H. Leavitt denies a motion for habeas corpus in the Vallandigham case Ohio
  Clement Vallandigham
May 25, 1863 Clement Vallandigham is banished to the Confederacy for his "pro-Confederate remarks." The exchange took place at Murfreesboro, Tennessee Ohio
Tennessee
  Clement Vallandigham
July 19, 1863 While crossing the Ohio River into Kentucky at Buffington Island, John Hunt Morgan's raiders stumble onto a fortified position. Federals manage to kill or wound 120 and capture 700 men and most of the rest return to Ohio to find an alternate crossing. Ohio
Kentucky
  John Hunt Morgan
July 26, 1863 John Hunt Morgan is captured at New Lisbon, Ohio. Most of his command had already been apprehended Ohio
  John Hunt Morgan
October 13, 1863 Peace Democrat Clement Vallandigham is defeated by Unionist John Brough, a war Democrat running on the Republican ticket. Ohio
  Clement Vallandigham
May 31, 1864 A small convention in Cleveland of Republican abolitionists unhappy with Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation and other things, nominates John C. Fremont for president. Ohio
  John C. Fremont
  Election of 1864
  Republican Party
January 4, 1867 Ohio ratifies the 14th Amendment Ohio
  14th Amendment
January 15, 1868 Ohio rescinds its ratification of the 14th Amendment when the Peace Democrats gain control of the legislature. The Federal government refuses to recognize the action and counts Ohio as for ratification Ohio
  14th Amendment
  Democratic Party
June 14, 1876
June 16, 1876
The three-day Republican Convention in Cincinnati, Ohio (Hayes home state) shifted its support from front runner James Blaine to Rutherford B. Hayes on the second ballot. Ohio
  Election of 1876
  Rutherford B. Hayes
  Republican Party
September 17, 2003 Ohio votes to ratify the 14th Amendment Ohio
  14th Amendment


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