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The Civil War in Mississippi
Battle of Iuka
Brice's Crossroads
Convention of Seceding States
Meridian Campaign
Second Vicksburg Campaign
Battle of Vicksburg
First Vicksburg Campaign
October 1, 1849 The Mississippi Convention resolves that slave states should send representation to Nashville to determine a response to northern pressure to abolish slavery Mississippi
  Nashville Convention of 1850
June 3, 1850
June 12, 1850
Nashville Convention - 9 slave states hold a convention to determine their best course of action if the Compromise of 1850 passes. Louisiana
Arkansas
North Carolina
Florida
Texas
South Carolina
Mississippi
Georgia
Alabama
  Compromise of 1850
  Nashville Convention of 1850 [Resolutions]
  Nashville Convention of 1850
  Robert Barnwell Rhett
January 9, 1861 Mississippi secedes from the Union Mississippi
  Confederate Order of Secession
  Mississippi Ordinance of Secession
January 26, 1861 The sovereign state of Mississippi establishes a state flag: It featured a white, five-pointed star on a dark blue canton (commonly called the Bonnie Blue), a field of white with a magnolia tree and a red banner on the fly end. Mississippi
February 10, 1861 At his plantation home outside Vicksburg, Jefferson Davis receives the news he is the first President of the Confederate States of America. He was hoping to be commander of the military Mississippi
  Jefferson Davis
February 11, 1861 As President-elect Abraham Lincoln begins his journey to Washington D. C. from Springfield, Illinois, President-elect Jefferson Davis journeys from Vicksburg, Mississippi to Montgomery, Alabama to accept the Presidency of the Confederate States. Mississippi
Alabama
Illinois
  Abraham Lincoln
  Jefferson Davis
  Convention of Seceding States
March 29, 1861 Mississippi ratifies the Confederate Constitution Mississippi
March 24, 1862 Albert Sidney Johnston's Army arrives at Corinth from Murfreesboro, Tennessee Mississippi
  Albert Sidney Johnston
  Battle of Shiloh
March 29, 1862 The Central Army of Kentucky and the Army of Alabama and West Florida, and is merged into the Army of Mississippi in Corinth under Albert Sidney Johnston with P. G. T. Beauregard as second-in-command. Corps commanders are Braxton Bragg, Leonidas Polk, William Hardee and George Crittenden. Mississippi
  Albert Sidney Johnston
  P. G. T. Beauregard
  Braxton Bragg
  Leonidas Polk
  William Hardee
  Central Army of Kentucky
  Army of Mississippi
April 29, 1862 Under the command of Henry Halleck, the Army of the Tennessee begins to advance on Corinth Mississippi
  Henry Halleck
  Army of the Tennessee
May 25, 1862 Halleck arrives outside of Corinth. It has taken him 26 days to march 20 miles, virtually unopposed Mississippi
  Henry Halleck
May 30, 1862 Confederates evacuate Corinth Mississippi
  P. G. T. Beauregard
  Army of Mississippi
June 17, 1862 Braxton Bragg assumes command of the Army of Mississippi, relieving P. G. T. Beauregard Mississippi
  Braxton Bragg
  P. G. T. Beauregard
July 2, 1862 Earl Van Dorn is given command of the Military District of Mississippi Mississippi
  Earl Van Dorn
July 15, 1862 The C. S. S. Arkansas sails past the federal fleet on the Mississippi River with guns ablaze, destroying three ships. Mississippi
July 21, 1862 In a tersely worded telegram, Braxton Bragg informs Jefferson Davis that he will move his army in force from Tupelo, Mississippi to Chattanooga, Tennessee Mississippi
Tennessee
  Confederate Invasion of Kentucky
  Braxton Bragg
  Jefferson Davis
September 19, 1862 Battle of Iuka

William Rosecrans [US] beat Sterling Price [CS] who withdrew when scouts report a column under the command of Edward O. C. Ord was advancing from the Mississippi.
Mississippi
  William S. Rosecrans
  Sterling Price
October 1, 1862 Major General John Pemberton replaces Earl van Dorn at the head of the reorganized Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana Mississippi
Louisiana
October 3, 1862
October 4, 1862
Battle of Corinth

Earl Van Dorn [CS] and Sterling Price [CS] attack William Rosecrans [US] northern perimeter, driving it back to a reinforced line. Rosecrans successfully defends the city
Mississippi
  Earl Van Dorn
  Sterling Price
  William S. Rosecrans
October 5, 1862 Battle of Hatchie Bridge [US]
Battle of Metamora [CS]

Other names: Hatchie; Davis Bridge

Edward Ord [US] discovers Confederates retreating from Corinth. When Ord was severly wounded fighting paused as command passed to Stephen Hurlbut [US]. Sterling Price [CS] was able to escape.
Mississippi
  Sterling Price
  Edward O. C. Ord
November 2, 1862 Ulysses S. Grant begins the First Vicksburg campaign Mississippi
  First Vicksburg Campaign
  Ulysses S. Grant
December 20, 1862 General Earl Van Dorn [CS] strikes a federal supply depot at Holly Springs capturing 1500 prisoners and destroying 1.5 million dollars of military supplies Mississippi
  Earl Van Dorn
  First Vicksburg Campaign
December 21, 1862 President Davis visits Vicksburg Mississippi
  First Vicksburg Campaign
  Jefferson Davis
December 26, 1862 Sherman's expedition lands near Steele's Bayou on the Yazoo River Mississippi
  First Vicksburg Campaign
  William Tecumseh Sherman
December 29, 1862 Battle of Chickasaw Bayou

William Tecumseh Sherman [US] tries to assault a strong Confederate position atop a series of bluffs north of Vicksburg held by John Pemberton [CS]
Mississippi
  William Tecumseh Sherman
  First Vicksburg Campaign
January 2, 1863 General Sherman abandons his attempt to take Vicksburg Mississippi
  William Tecumseh Sherman
  First Vicksburg Campaign
January 25, 1863 Union forces withdraw from Corinth. They had been ordered to help protect Mississippi River shipping from northern states Mississippi
February 3, 1863 Union ram Queen of the West sails past Vicksburg to disrupt Confederate shipping. After being hit 12 time by artillery, she rams the Confederate ship City of Vicksburg. Mississippi
  Queen of the West
March 11, 1863 Ulysses S. Grant renewed his efforts to reach Vicksburg when he tried to push gunboats past Fort Pemberton, near Greenwood. General W. W. Loring ("Old Blizzards") had built and manned the fort to prevent attacks of this nature. Mississippi
  Second Vicksburg Campaign
  Ulysses S. Grant
March 24, 1863 A small skirmish at Black Bayou marked the end of General William Tecumseh Sherman's attempt to find an unguarded water route into Vicksburg. Mississippi
  William Tecumseh Sherman
  Second Vicksburg Campaign
April 16, 1863 Rear Admiral David Porter sent 12 vessels south on the Mississippi past Vicksburg. Although hit a number of times by Confederate gunners, the vessels suffered little damage. Mississippi
Louisiana
  David Porter
April 17, 1863 Col. Benjamin Grierson [US] leaves La Grange, Tennessee at the head of a 1,700 man cavalry column heading towards Mississippi to raid the state. Mississippi
April 30, 1863 About noon, Ulysses S. Grant begins crossing the Mississippi and landing U. S. troops south of Vicksburg Mississippi
  Ulysses S. Grant
  Second Vicksburg Campaign
May 12, 1863 Battle of Raymond

A Confederate brigade under John Gregg attacks a Union division under Major General John Logan in the town of Raymond, between Vicksburg and Jackson.
Mississippi
  Second Vicksburg Campaign
May 13, 1863 Two corps, under William Tecumseh Sherman and James McPherson, advance on Jackson Mississippi
  William Tecumseh Sherman
  Second Vicksburg Campaign
May 14, 1863 Battle of Jackson

After a brief fight, McPherson and Sherman's corps take Jackson, driving Joe Johnston off.
Mississippi
  Joseph E. Johnston
  William Tecumseh Sherman
May 15, 1863 Joe Johnston orders John Pemberton to break out of Grant's tightening noose. Pemberton refuses the order. Mississippi
  Joseph E. Johnston
  Second Vicksburg Campaign
May 16, 1863 Battle of Champion Hill

Pemberton agrees to attack the federal line with Johnston. The focal point of the attack, Champion Hill, will change hands three times, but the Confederate forces fail to meet. Pemberton withdraws to Vicksburg
Mississippi
  Second Vicksburg Campaign
  Joseph E. Johnston
  Second Vicksburg Campaign
May 17, 1863 Battle of Black River

Pemberton placed his men with their backs to the Black River. When the U. S. attacked, Pemberton's line broke with most of the men crossing the Black River before the bridge was set on fire. Army of the Tennessee then spanned the Big Black, closing in on Vicksburg
Mississippi
  Army of the Tennessee
  Battle of Vicksburg
  Second Vicksburg Campaign
May 19, 1863 General Ulysses S. Grant [US] makes contact with Rear Admiral David Porter, sailing north from New Orleans with supplies Mississippi
  Ulysses S. Grant
  David Porter
  Second Vicksburg Campaign
May 19, 1863 William Tecumseh Sherman [US] launches a full scale frontal assault against Rebel lines in Vicksburg. He is repulsed with heavy losses, especially near the Stockade Redan Mississippi
  William Tecumseh Sherman
  Battle of Vicksburg
  Army of the Tennessee
May 22, 1863 Massive Union assaults on Fortress Vicksburg fail Mississippi
  Battle of Vicksburg
  Second Vicksburg Campaign
May 26, 1863
July 4, 1863
Siege of Vicksburg

Date of the start of siege varies from May 18 - May 26.
Mississippi
  Ulysses S. Grant
  William Tecumseh Sherman
  John A. McClernand
  James McPherson
June 25, 1863 Union soldiers try to exploit an explosion under the Confederate entrenchments at Vicksburg. The Rebel line easily repulses the attack Mississippi
  Second Vicksburg Campaign
July 3, 1863 John Pemberton, commander of Confederate forces at Vicksburg asks Ulysses S. Grant for terms. Grant demands an unconditional surrender. Pemberton refuses. Late in the evening, Grant offers excellent terms and Pemberton accepts. Mississippi
  Ulysses S. Grant
  Second Vicksburg Campaign
July 4, 1863 Ulysses S. Grant accepts the surrender of the second Confederate Army he has defeated, at Vicksburg Mississippi
  Ulysses S. Grant
  Second Vicksburg Campaign
July 7, 1863 Federal troops sack Brierfield, the plantation home of Jefferson Davis Mississippi
  Jefferson Davis
July 8, 1863 Port Hudson is surrendered, giving the Union control of the Mississippi Mississippi
July 9, 1863
July 16, 1863
Battle of Jackson Mississippi
  William Tecumseh Sherman
  Joseph E. Johnston
July 13, 1863 Battle of Yazoo City Mississippi
October 29, 1863 Jefferson Davis grants Nathan Bedford Forrest's request for an independent command in north Mississippi and west Tennessee. This frees him from Braxton Bragg. Mississippi
Tennessee
  Nathan Bedford Forrest
  Braxton Bragg
December 1, 1863 Battle of Ripley Mississippi
December 8, 1863 Confederate senator Henry S. Foote of Mississippi severly critizes President Jefferson Davis for both his military and civilian policies Mississippi
  Jefferson Davis
December 22, 1863 Leonidas Polk ordered to take command of the Army of Mississippi. Mississippi
  Leonidas Polk
January 25, 1864 Nathan Bedford Forrest [CS] attacks and defeats William Sooy Smith [US] near Meridian Mississippi
  Nathan Bedford Forrest
February 3, 1864 William Tecumseh Sherman, having moved to Vicksburg by boat, begins the Meridian Campaign Mississippi
  William Tecumseh Sherman
  Meridian Campaign
  Leonidas Polk
February 5, 1864 Sherman enters Jackson, Mississippi Mississippi
  William Tecumseh Sherman
  Meridian Campaign
February 6, 1864 William Sooy Smith [US] leaves Memphis to join the Meridian Campaign Mississippi
  Meridian Campaign
February 14, 1864 Federals take Meridian. They continue their "work," tearing up railroad infrastructure and destroying locomotives, but there is little Leonidas Polk can do Mississippi
  William Tecumseh Sherman
  Leonidas Polk
  Meridian Campaign
February 22, 1864 Battle of Okolana

Other Names: Ivey's Farm, Ivey Hill

Nathan Bedford Forrest [CS] defeats W. Sooy Smith [US], attempting to join Sherman's Meridian Campaign
Mississippi
  Nathan Bedford Forrest
  Meridian Campaign
June 10, 1864 Battle of Brice's Crossroads [US]
Battle of Tishomingo Creek [CS]
Mississippi
  Nathan Bedford Forrest
  Brice's Crossroads
July 14, 1864 Battle of Tupelo or Harrisburg

General A. J. Smith [US] repulses repeated, uncoordinated attacks by Generals Stephen D. Lee [CS] and Nathan Bedford Forrest [CS], who retire at noon. Smith, short of supplies, withdraws to Memphis the following day.
Mississippi
May 4, 1865 General Richard Taylor [CS] surrenders the remaining troops in Alabama and Mississippi based on an agreement signed two days earlier Mississippi
Alabama
June 10, 1865 President Johnson appoints William Starkey as provisional governor of Mississippi Mississippi
  Andrew Johnson
August 14, 1865 Mississippi conventions passes an ordinance voiding the secession ordinance of 1861 Mississippi
April 2, 1866 The United States declares that a state of peace exists with Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Mississippi, Louisiana, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee and Virginia Alabama
Georgia
Mississippi
Tennessee
South Carolina
Virginia
Florida
North Carolina
Arkansas
Louisiana
January 21, 1868 Mississippi rejects the 14th Amendment to the Constitution. Mississippi
  14th Amendment
April 10, 1869 The U. S. Congress passes An Act authorizing the Submission of the Constitutions of Virginia, Mississippi, and Texas to a Vote of the People, and authorizing the Election of State Officers, provided by the said Constitutions, and Members of Congress. Mississippi
Texas
Virginia
April 10, 1869 Georgia, Mississippi, Texas, and Virginia are required to ratify the 15th amendment Virginia
Texas
Mississippi
Georgia
January 17, 1870 Mississippi ratifies the 14th Amendment Mississippi
  14th Amendment
February 25, 1870 Hiram R. Revels takes his seat in the Senate from the state of Mississippi. Revels is black Mississippi
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