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The Civil War in Georgia
Georgia Secession
Georgia Platform
Georgia Convention of 1850
Georgia Declaration of Causes
Battle of Allatoona Pass
Battle of Atlanta
Atlanta Campaign
Battle of Chickamauga
Battles for Chattanooga
Chickamauga Campaign
Confederate Order of Secession
Convention of Seceding States
Fort McAllister
Fort Pulaski
Georgia Ordinance of Secession
William Hardee
Kennesaw Mountain
March to the Sea
Raid on Rome, Georgia
Alexander Stephens
Tullahoma Campaign
April 15, 1793 [circa] Eli Whitney invents the cotton gin Georgia
  Causes of the Civil War
February 11, 1811 Alexander Stephens is born in a cabin on the Piedmont in Warren County, Georgia Georgia
  Alexander Stephens
October 12, 1815 William Hardee born, Little Satilla Neck, Camden County, Georgia Georgia
  William Hardee
June 1, 1830 Georgia declares that laws of the Cherokee Nation are null and void, violating the Treaty Clause of the Constitution. Georgia
August 1, 1832 Alexander Stephens graduates from Franklin College, Athens, Georgia (now part of UGA) Georgia
  Alexander Stephens
June 3, 1850
June 12, 1850
Nashville Convention - 9 slave states hold a convention to determine their best course of action if the Compromise of 1850 passes. Louisiana
Arkansas
North Carolina
Florida
Texas
South Carolina
Mississippi
Georgia
Alabama
  Compromise of 1850
  Nashville Convention of 1850 [Resolutions]
  Nashville Convention of 1850
  Robert Barnwell Rhett
August 21, 1850 The short-lived Southern National party is formed in Macon, Georgia, by Barnwell Rhett, William Lowndes Yancy and others. Georgia
  Robert Barnwell Rhett
December 10, 1850 Delegates to a convention in Milledgeville issue the "Georgia Platform" Georgia
  Georgia Platform
  Georgia Convention of 1850
November 13, 1860 At the end of a fiery, pro-secession speech, Robert Toombs announces his resignation from the U. S. Senate at the end of his term. Georgia
  Robert Toombs
November 14, 1860 In Milledgeville, Alexander Stephens gives a response to Toombs' speech the day before, calling for a meeting of southern states to discuss secession. Georgia
  Alexander Stephens
December 14, 1860 Georgia calls for a convention of Southern states to form an independent nation. Georgia
  Convention of Seceding States
January 1, 1861 On New Year's Day Georgians go to the polls to elect either a pro-Union or pro-Seccession slate of delegates to a state convention to be held in Milledgeville. According to Gov. Brown the results are overwhelmingly pro-secession, however, later research by the Georgia Historical Society indicates that the returns were overstated in favor of the secessionists. Georgia
January 3, 1861 Georgia militia under the command of Francis "Frank" Bartow seize Fort Pulaski, at the mouth of the Savannah River, from a single federal soldier and a contractor Georgia
January 16, 1861
January 19, 1861
Following two days of debate and a day of hammering out the wording of the secession document, Georgia votes to leave the Union on January 19. Georgia
  Confederate Order of Secession
  Georgia Ordinance of Secession
January 21, 1861 All but 6 of the delegates to Georgia's Secessionist Convention sign the Ordinances of Secession Georgia
  Georgia Ordinance of Secession
January 22, 1861 6 delegates to the Georgia Secessionist Convention issue a "statement of protest." Georgia
  Statement of Protest to Georgia Secession
April 10, 1862
April 11, 1862
Battle of Fort Pulaski

Quincy Gillmore uses rifled cannon to effectively end the use of palisaded forts world-wide
Georgia
  Fort Pulaski
  Quincy A. Gillmore
April 12, 1862 The Great Locomotive Chase Georgia
  The Great Locomotive Chase
  Western and Atlantic Railroad
July 1, 1862 Naval assault on Fort McAllister Georgia
  Fort McAllister
July 29, 1862 Naval assault on Ft. McAllister Georgia
  Fort McAllister
October 16, 1862 Six men, Wilson W. Brown, Daniel Dorsey, Martin Hawkins, William Knight, John Porter, John Wilson, John Wollam and Mark Wood escape from the Fulton County Jail in Atlanta, Georgia. As members of Andrew's Raiders they would all receive the Medal of Honor. Georgia
  The Great Locomotive Chase
November 19, 1862 Naval assault on Ft. McAllister Georgia
  Fort McAllister
December 13, 1862 Confederate General T. R. R. Cobb dies during the battle of Fredericksburg. South Carolinian Maxcy Gregg is mortally wounded and dies two days later. Georgia
  Generals Who Died In the Civil War
  Fredericksburg
January 27, 1863 Naval assault on Ft. McAllister Georgia
  Fort McAllister
February 1, 1863 Naval assault on Ft. McAllister Georgia
  Fort McAllister
February 28, 1863 At Ft. McAllister, federal gunships including the ironclad U. S. S. Montauk moved up the Ogeechee River to destroy the Rattlesnake, a Confederate privateer also known as the Nashville before it was decommissioned Georgia
  Fort McAllister
March 3, 1863 Naval assaults on Ft. McAllister resumes, lasting eight hours on this day. The damage to the fort's sand walls is quickly repaired. Georgia
  Fort McAllister
April 11, 1863 Col. Abel Streight leaves Nashville, Tennessee on a raid of Rome, GA Georgia
Tennessee
  Raid on Rome, Georgia
May 3, 1863 Nathan Bedford Forrest ends Abel Streight's Raid on Rome, Georgia, in heavy skirmishing at Cedar Bluffs, Alabama. Alabama
Georgia
  Nathan Bedford Forrest
  Raid on Rome, Georgia
June 17, 1863 The CSS Atlanta, an ironclad in Warsaw Inlet, engages the USS Weehawken and USS Nahant before surrendering Georgia
June 23, 1863 Army of the Cumberland begins the Tullahoma Campaign against the Army of Tennessee Tennessee
Georgia
  Tullahoma Campaign
  Army of the Cumberland
  Leonidas Polk
  Braxton Bragg
  William S. Rosecrans
August 29, 1863 The Army of the Cumberland begins the Chickamauga Campaign, heading east for passes in Lookout Mountain Alabama
Georgia
  Army of the Cumberland
  Chickamauga Campaign
September 9, 1863 James Longstreet leaves Virginia with his corps to reinforce the Army of Tennessee Georgia
Virginia
  James Longstreet
September 10, 1863
September 11, 1863
Battle of Davis Crossroads Georgia
  Braxton Bragg
  Chickamauga Campaign
September 16, 1863 Thomas Crittenden [US] reaches Lee and Gordon Mill on the Chickamauga River. Rosecrans [US] orders the rest of his men, spread out along 50 miles of Georgia's backwoods, to concentrate at this landmark. Georgia
  Battle of Chickamauga
  Chickamauga Campaign
September 17, 1863 Forward echelons of Longstreet's Corps begins arriving in Northwest Georgia. Georgia
  Battle of Chickamauga
  James Longstreet
September 18, 1863 Rosecrans [US] orders Thomas north on Layfayette Road in an attempt to outflank Bragg's forces. Georgia
  Battle of Chickamauga
September 19, 1863
September 20, 1863
Battle of Chickamauga

General Braxton Bragg [CS] tries to split General William Rosecrans [US] forces as they try to return to the safety of Chattanooga. A second day breakthrough at the Brotherton Cabin forces the federals into a retreat, halted only by the Rock of Chickamauga, General George Thomas on Snodgrass Hill

The bloodiest two days in American history cost the Federals 1,657 dead, 9,756 wounded, and 4,757 missing for a total of 16,170 casualties out of 58,000 troops. The Confederate losses were 2,312 dead, 14,674 wounded and 1,468 for a total of 18,545 out of 66,000 troops.
Georgia
  Gordon Granger
  Bloodiest Civil War battles
  William S. Rosecrans
  Braxton Bragg
  George Thomas
  John Bell Hood
  Army of the Cumberland
  Philip Sheridan
  Nathan Bedford Forrest
  Lafayette McLaws
  Battle of Chickamauga
  James Garfield
  Leonidas Polk
  Daniel Harvey Hill
  James Longstreet
  Chickamauga Campaign
September 21, 1863 After withdrawing from Chickamauga, Gen. George Thomas forms a line in Rossville. He abandons the position that evening. Georgia
  George Thomas
  Battle of Chickamauga
  Chickamauga Campaign
September 21, 1863 Mortally wounded at Chickamauga, Confederate Brigadier General Benjamin "Ben" Hardin Helms dies. He was Abraham Lincoln's brother-in-law. Georgia
  Battle of Chickamauga
  Generals Who Died In the Civil War
  Abraham Lincoln
October 9, 1863 President Davis speaks in Marietta, Georgia Georgia
  Jefferson Davis
November 24, 1863 Battle of Lookout Mountain
Battle Above the Clouds

Joseph Hooker [US] engages forces under Carter Stevenson [CS] on the slopes of Lookout Mountain
Tennessee
Georgia
  Ulysses S. Grant
  Battles for Chattanooga
  Joseph Hooker
  Braxton Bragg
November 25, 1863 Battle of Missionary Ridge, Chattanooga

Three Union armies attacked the Army of Tennessee atop Missionary Ridge, east of downtown Chattanooga. Patrick Cleburne stopped William Tecumseh Sherman from the north, although outnumbered 10 to 1. Joe Hooker was seriously delayed by burnt bridges and failed to hit the southern end of Bragg's line near Rossville, Georgia. Thomas' Army of the Cumberland struck the center, breaking Bragg's line and forcing a retreat. Sheridan, ordered to pursue, was stopped dead in his tracks by William Hardee's rear guard action.
Tennessee
Georgia
  Ulysses S. Grant
  Battles for Chattanooga
  Braxton Bragg
  John Breckinridge
  George Thomas
  Philip Sheridan
  Army of the Cumberland
  William Tecumseh Sherman
  Patrick Cleburne
  Joseph Hooker
  William Hardee
  Army of Tennessee
November 26, 1863 Battle of Ringgold Gap

Patrick Cleburne's [CS] rear guard action against Joseph Hooker [US] following the defeat at Missionary Ridge gives Braxton Bragg time to establish a line in Dalton, GA
Georgia
  Battles for Chattanooga
  Patrick Cleburne
  Joseph Hooker
  Braxton Bragg
November 28, 1863 In Dalton, Georgia, Braxton Bragg telegraphs his resignation to President Davis Georgia
  Braxton Bragg
  Jefferson Davis
  Army of Tennessee
December 16, 1863 Joe Johnston ordered to take command of the Army of Tennessee in Dalton Georgia
  Joseph E. Johnston
  Army of Tennessee
December 27, 1863 Joe Johnston takes command of the Army of Tennessee in Dalton Georgia
  Joseph E. Johnston
  Army of Tennessee
  William Hardee
February 22, 1864
February 26, 1864
Battle of Dalton (First Dalton)

General George Thomas [US] demonstrates against Joe Johnston's [CS] entrenched line
Georgia
  Joseph E. Johnston
  George Thomas
February 27, 1864 Federal prisoners begin arriving at Camp Sumter in Andersonville Georgia
April 17, 1864 Bread riot in Savannah Georgia
May 4, 1864 The final Spring Campaign of the Civil War began as the Army of the Potomac crossed the Rapidan River in Virginia and three smaller armys (Ohio, Tennessee and Cumberland) pushed deeper into Georgia. Georgia
Virginia
  Army of the Potomac
  Army of the Cumberland
  Army of the Tennessee
  Army of the Ohio
May 7, 1864
May 11, 1864
Battle of Rocky Face Ridge (Dalton)
Battle of Dug Gap
Georgia
  George Thomas
  Joseph E. Johnston
  Atlanta Campaign
May 9, 1864 Coming out of Snake Creek Gap, General James McPherson runs into a Rebel force at Resaca that was stronger than expected. He returns to the gap rather than attack. Georgia
  Atlanta Campaign
  James McPherson
May 13, 1864
May 15, 1864
Battle of Resaca Georgia
  George Thomas
  William Tecumseh Sherman
  Joseph E. Johnston
  Atlanta Campaign
  Battle of Resaca
  Leonidas Polk
  William Hardee
  James McPherson
May 17, 1864 Battle of Adairsville Georgia
  Atlanta Campaign
May 18, 1864 Skirmish at Woodlands (Barnsley Gardens and Resort) Georgia
  Atlanta Campaign
May 25, 1864 Battle of New Hope Church

"Fighting Joe" Hooker runs into John Bell Hood's entrenched line in Paulding County
Georgia
  Joseph Hooker
  Atlanta Campaign
  Joseph E. Johnston
  John Bell Hood
May 27, 1864 Battle of Picketts Mill Georgia
  George Thomas
  Joseph E. Johnston
  William Tecumseh Sherman
  Atlanta Campaign
  Oliver O. Howard
May 28, 1864 Battle of Dallas Georgia
  Atlanta Campaign
June 1, 1864 Skirmish at Allatoona Pass Georgia
  Western and Atlantic Railroad
June 4, 1864 Joe Johnston withdraws from the Dallas-New Hope line to Lost Mountain - Pine Mountain - Brushy Mountain Georgia
  Joseph E. Johnston
June 14, 1864 While inspecting his lines, Leonidas Polk is killed at Pine Mountain by an artillery blast ordered by William Tecumseh Sherman. Georgia
  Leonidas Polk
  Atlanta Campaign
  Generals Who Died In the Civil War
  William Tecumseh Sherman
June 22, 1864 Battle of Kolb's Farm

To prevent Joe Hooker [US] and John Schofield [US] from outflanking the Confederate Army, General John Bell Hood [CS] attacks, without orders.
Georgia
  John Bell Hood
  Joseph Hooker
  Atlanta Campaign
June 27, 1864 Battle of Kennesaw Mountain Georgia
  Joseph E. Johnston
  William Tecumseh Sherman
  Atlanta Campaign
  George Thomas
  Kennesaw Mountain
July 2, 1864 Joe Johnston evacuates his Kennesaw Mountain position and moves to the Smyrna Line Georgia
July 4, 1864 "Retreating Joe" Johnston, as he is now called in the Richmond papers, withdraws to his previously prepared Chattahoochee Line Georgia
July 8, 1864 Army of the Ohio under General John Schofield [US] crosses the Chattahoochee River at Sope (Soap) Creek Georgia
July 17, 1864 General Joseph E. Johnston relieved of command of the Army of Tennessee. John Bell Hood replaces him. Georgia
  Joseph E. Johnston
  John Bell Hood
  Atlanta Campaign
July 20, 1864 Battle of Peachtree Creek

John Bell Hood [CS] attacks George Thomas after he crosses Peachtree Creek.
Georgia
  John Bell Hood
  George Thomas
  Atlanta Campaign
July 22, 1864 Battle of Atlanta
Hood's Second Sortie

Major General William Hardee [CS] hits James McPherson's [US] line from the south while Major General B. F. Cheatham [CS] attacks his corps along its wide front. In spite of McPherson's death the Union wins the battle
Georgia
  Atlanta Campaign
  William Hardee
  Battle of Atlanta
  Benjamin Franklin Cheatham
July 26, 1864 General George Stoneman leaves from Kennesaw Mountain to raid Macon, Georgia Georgia
July 28, 1864 Battle of Ezra Church Georgia
  Atlanta Campaign
August 10, 1864 Joe Wheeler [CS] begins raiding in North Georgia with his cavalry Georgia
August 14, 1864 Second battle of Dalton Georgia
August 27, 1864 Forward elements of Sherman's army move south to cut Hood's last supply line to Atlanta, the Macon and Western Railroad Georgia
  William Tecumseh Sherman
August 30, 1864 Sherman's army descends in force south of Atlanta. Hood responds by sending corps under Patrick Cleburne and Stephen Lee to defend the Macon and Western Railroad Georgia
  William Tecumseh Sherman
  John Bell Hood
  Patrick Cleburne
August 31, 1864
September 1, 1864
Battle of Jonesboro (Jonesborough), Georgia

In the final battle of the Atlanta Campaign, General William Hardee [CS] attacks O. O. Howard's [US] Army of the Tennessee west of the city of Jonesboro. North of the battle John Schofield cut the Macon and Western at Rough and Ready and Hood's Army was in jeopardy. The battle was joined the second day by large numbers of Union troops. Hardee withdraws at nightfall to join Hood at Lovejoy Station
Georgia
  John Bell Hood
  William Tecumseh Sherman
  Atlanta Campaign
September 1, 1864 Confederates begin the evacuation of Atlanta Georgia
  Atlanta Campaign
September 7, 1864 W. T. Sherman [US] orders the evacuation of Atlanta Georgia
  William Tecumseh Sherman
September 10, 1864 Joe Wheeler [CS] returns to Confederate lines following a raid into North Georgia Georgia
October 2, 1864 In Augusta, Jefferson Davis meets with P. G. T. Beauregard to give him command of the Department of Georgia, Alabama and Mississippi Georgia
  Jefferson Davis
  P. G. T. Beauregard
October 5, 1864 Battle of Allatoona Pass

Confederates under Samuel French attack entrenched Federals under John Corse protecting the Western and Atlantic Railroad. Union: 2000 engaged, 142 (k), 352 (w), 212 (m), 706 (c). Confederate: 2000 engaged, 122 (k), 443 (w), 234 (m), 799 (c)
Georgia
  Battle of Allatoona Pass
  John Bell Hood
  Western and Atlantic Railroad
October 28, 1864 William Tecumseh Sherman, in Gaylesville, AL, decides to return to his field headquarters in Kingston, GA. rather than pursue John Bell Hood into Alabama. Alabama
Georgia
  John Bell Hood
  William Tecumseh Sherman
November 12, 1864 General Sherman in Cartersville sends his last message to General Thomas in Nashville, Tennessee. He will be out of communication with the North until December 13. Georgia
  March to the Sea
  William Tecumseh Sherman
November 14, 1864 Sherman enters Atlanta and divides his 60,000 men into a Left Wing and Right Wing. Georgia
  March to the Sea
  William Tecumseh Sherman
November 16, 1864 Some historians use this date as the start of the March to the Sea. By this time Sherman had marched almost 100 miles, destroyed all or part of Rome, Cartersville and Marietta, Georgia and torn up all the Western and Atlanta track between Dalton and Atlanta. Georgia
  March to the Sea
  William Tecumseh Sherman
November 22, 1864 Battle of Griswoldville Georgia
  March to the Sea
November 28, 1864 Battle of Buckhead Creek Georgia
  March to the Sea
December 4, 1864 Battle of Waynesborough Georgia
  March to the Sea
December 13, 1864 Union army captures Ft. McAllister Georgia
  William Tecumseh Sherman
  March to the Sea
  Fort McAllister
  Fort McAllister
December 21, 1864 Sherman occupies Savannah Georgia
  March to the Sea
  William Tecumseh Sherman
May 3, 1865 Joseph "Joe" Brown, Governor of Georgia, calls a meeting of the state legislature when word reaches him of Joe Johnston's surrender. Georgia
May 10, 1865 President Jefferson Davis is captured near Irwinville Georgia
  Jefferson Davis
May 11, 1865 Confederate Vice President Alexander Stephens is arrested at Liberty Hall, his estate in Crawfordville, Georgia by members of the 4th Iowa Cavalry. Georgia
  Alexander Stephens
June 13, 1865 James Johnston, a pro-Union politician, is appointed provisional governor of Georgia. Georgia
April 2, 1866 The United States declares that a state of peace exists with Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Mississippi, Louisiana, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee and Virginia Alabama
Georgia
Mississippi
Tennessee
South Carolina
Virginia
Florida
North Carolina
Arkansas
Louisiana
November 9, 1866 Georgia rejects the 14th Amendment Georgia
  14th Amendment
June 25, 1868 Congress passes congressional representation for North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama and Louisiana over President Andrew Johnson's veto Alabama
Georgia
South Carolina
Florida
North Carolina
Louisiana
  Andrew Johnson
July 21, 1868 Georgia ratifies the 14th Amendment Georgia
  14th Amendment
April 10, 1869 Georgia, Mississippi, Texas, and Virginia are required to ratify the 15th amendment Virginia
Texas
Mississippi
Georgia
July 15, 1870 Georgia granted readmission to the United States Congress Georgia
March 4, 1883 Vice President of the Confederate States of America Alexander Stephens dies in Atlanta. Georgia
  Alexander Stephens
December 15, 1939 Civil War related movie Gone With The Wind premieres in Atlanta, Georgia Georgia

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