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1864 Two penny coin
First coin stamped with the motto "In God We Trust"

Albert Sidney Johnston
Albert Sidney Johnston , near the start of the Civil War

Bombardment of Fort Sumter
Fort Sumter under fire, April 12 and 13, 1861. Major Robert Anderson commanded the fort while his student, General P. G. T. Beauregard commander the Confederate forces in Charleston Harbor.

Breach in Fort Pulaski
Fort Pulaski as it looked after the battle from Tybee Island

Brigadier General Benjamin Butler
Massachusetts politician and Brigadier General Benjamin Butler

Brigadier General Benjamin Franklin Kelly
B. F. Kelley commanded the Union forces during Philippi, first battle of the Civil War

Brigadier General James Garfield
James Garfield, William S. Rosecrans chief-of-staff

C & O Canal Dam Number 5
Site of Stonewall Jackson's first attack from Winchester in December, 1861

Charles Sumner is caned by Preston Brooks
Popular political cartoon that illustrated the caning of Senator Charles Sumner by Representative Preston Brooks

Close-up of breach in Fort Pulaski
In this close-up a cannon sits atop rubble at Fort Pulaski

Covered Bridge at Philippi, West Virginia
The distinctive two-lane bridge at Philippi crosses the Tygart Valley River

Don Carlos Buell
Major General Don Carlos Buell who fought in the Western Theater of the Civil War from 1861-1862

Dunker Church
On Antietam battlefield, Dunker Church was the site of heavy fighting in the morning

Fort Pulaski Cannon
Modern shot of a cannon and casemates at Fort Pulaski

General Edward Otho Cresap Ord
General Edward Ord, for whom Fort Ord is named

General P. G. T. Beauregard
Diminutive general P. G. T. Beauregard as he looked near the end of the war.

General Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard
The "Hero of Fort Sumter," General P. G. T. Beauregard commanded forces at Manassas, Shiloh and Petersburg

George B. McClellan
Major General George B. McClellan

Green River Railroad Crossing, south of Munfordville, KY
Site of the battle of Munfordville, south of the Green River near the 1853 Louisville and Nashville railroad bridge

Harrison Island and Ball's Bluff
On October 21, 1861, Union soldiers under the command of Col. Baker fought a disastrous battle here.

Irvin McDowell
Commander of Union forces at Bull Run, Irvin McDowell served as an independent commander until the formation of the Army of Virginia

Isham Harris
Civil War governor of Tennessee until 1862, Harris was at the Battle of Shiloh as aide to Sidney Johnston

James Garfield assassinated
The Assassination of President Garfield at the Baltimore and Ohio Depot in Washington.

John Floyd
Virginia legislator and governor who served as Secretary of War under Buchanan

John Reynolds
John Reynolds

Jubal Anderson Early
Amused by his first name, his soldiers called him Jubilee or Old Jube

Lew Wallace after the battle of Shiloh
Major General Lew Wallace, author of Ben-Hur

Lewis Cass
Lewis Cass, Secretary of War, Democratic candidate for President in 1848, and Secretary of State

Lock, 1855 Springfield Rifle
Lock assembly from the 1855 Springfield Rifle with a Maynard Tape Primer

Major General Edwin Vose Sumner
Major General Edwin Vose Sumner was the first commander of the Second Corps in the Civil War

Major General George Armstrong Custer
Respected cavalryman who became Phil Sheridan's right-hand man during the Civil War, Custer died at Little Big Horn in an Indian attack

Major General George Stoneman
Major General George Stoneman, The "Merchant of Terror" during Sherman's March to the Sea

Major General Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson
Stonewall Jackson fought from Bull Run until his untimely death shortly after Chancellorsville

Map of the Siege Lines at Yorktown, VA
From the city of Yorktown, VA on the York River, John Magruder's lines extend west to the Warwick River

Map showing location of Fort Sumter
Fort Sumter in Charleston Harbor

Observation balloon basket
Professor Thaddeus Lowe in observation balloon basket

President James Buchanan
James Buchanan, President of the United States when the South seceded

President James Garfield
James Garfield served as a Legislator, Senator and President of the United States

Queen of the West destroying the City of Vicksburg
Dual independent, fully encased sidewheels made Queen of the west a serious threat to Confederate shipping

Salmon Chase
This Brady-Handy photograph of Salmon Chase was probably taken during Chase's Presidential bid in 1860

Samuel F. B. Morse
Portrait artist Samuel F. B. Morse, inventor of the first commercially successful telegraph

Secessionist Edmund Ruffin
Agriculturalist and secessionist Virginian Edmund Ruffin

Senator Edward Baker
Col. Edward Baker, killed at Ball's Bluff

Senator Edward Baker dies at Ball's Bluff
Death of Col. Edward "Ned" Baker at Ball's Bluff, Virginia

Siege Guns, Yorktown VA
Union gunners stand by their mortars in Mortar Battery 1 near Yorktown, VA

Silver-hair P. G. T. Beauregard
Less than a year into the war, General Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard hair turned gray.

Surrender House
McLean Farmhouse at Appomattox

Telegraph Infrastructure in the United States
Telegraph lines in Ohio and South Carolina in 1853

William 'Bull' Nelson
Former Naval officer, Nelson led Union forces at the battle of Richmond, Kentucky

William J. Hardee
Commander, Central Army of Kentucky, Corps Commander, Army of Mississippi and Army of Tennesseee
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