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Washington D. C.
Civil War Encyclopedia >> Cities - North
May 22, 1812 HMS Hornet arrives in Washington D. C. with a "last formal notice" from the English government.
  War of 1812
May 24, 1844 Samuel F. B. Morse taps the message "What hath God wrought?" into his telegraph, sending it from Washington to Baltimore over wires.
  Telegraph
January 7, 1847 James Birney lets The Philanthropist move to Washington D. C. It is renamed the National Era
  James Birney
December 21, 1848 Representative Daniel Gott, a New York Whig, offers a resolution condemning the slave trade in Washington D. C. The resolution passes 98-88.
February 22, 1861
February 23, 1861
Under the watchful eyes of Allan Pinkerton, Abraham Lincoln travels in secrecy to Washington, D. C. Pinkerton had been worried about the trip through Baltimore, Maryland, a Southern-leaning city Maryland
  Abraham Lincoln
April 18, 1861 Troops begin to arrive in Washington, D. C.
April 19, 1861 Southern sympathizers in Baltimore cut telegraph lines and bridges to Washington, D. C. While passing through the city, the 6th Massachusetts Regiment is attacked. They open fire on a crowd. When the dust settles, three soldiers and one civilian were dead, the first casualties during fighting in the Civil War. Maryland
  Civil War Firsts
  Baltimore and Ohio Railroad
  Maryland and Secession
April 25, 1861 New York's 7th Regiment arrives in Washington, having around Baltimore by boat. New York
May 3, 1861 General Winfield Scott orders troops to seize Arlington Heights, overlooking Washington D. C. Virginia
  Winfield Scott
July 22, 1861 George B. McClellan [US] ordered to Washington to take command of the Army of the Potomac following the defeat at Bull Run
  Army of the Potomac
  George McClellan
  Army of the Ohio
April 16, 1862 President Lincoln signs legislation freeing the estimated 3,500 slaves in Washington, D. C.
  Abraham Lincoln
September 9, 1862 Samuel P. Heintzelman is put in command of defenses south of Washington, D. C.
  Samuel Heintzelman
October 26, 1862 Major General Samuel Heintzelman [US] is put in command of Union forces protecting Washington D. C., replacing Nathaniel Banks
  Samuel Heintzelman
  Nathaniel Banks
March 3, 1863 National Academy of Science chartered, Washington, D. C.
July 6, 1864 Federal commanders in Washington D. C. begin recalling troops to defend the city from Jubal Early
  Jubal Early's Raid on Washington D. C.
July 11, 1864 Jubal Early reaches Washington D. C. suburbs. In the past few days, however, more than 20,000 Union soldiers from various commands have arrived to defend the city. Commanding the Union forces are Generals Quincy Gillmore and Horatio Wright.
  Jubal Anderson Early
  Jubal Early's Raid on Washington D. C.
July 12, 1864 Jubal Early withdraws from Washington D. C.
  Jubal Early's Raid on Washington D. C.
April 14, 1865 United States President Abraham Lincoln is assassinated on Good Friday by John Wilkes Booth in Ford's Theatre, Washington, D. C.
  Ford's Theater
  Abraham Lincoln
April 19, 1865 The nation mourns U. S. President Abraham Lincoln at his funeral in Washington, D. C.
  Abraham Lincoln
July 7, 1865 Conspirators Lewis Payne, George A. Atzerodt, David Herold and Mary Surratt are hung in Washington, D. C. for the assassination of President Lincoln
February 12, 1866 The first formal observation of President Lincoln's birthday is held in Washington, D. C. President Andrew Johnson attends
January 8, 1867 Blacks in Washington D. C. gain the right to vote in a bill passed over President Andrew Johnson's veto


Washington D. C.

Present day Washington, District of Columbia is really the dream of two distinct eras, it's original design by Pierre L'Enfant in the 1790's and a major redesign by a group of distinguished men, Daniel Burnham, Frederick Law Olmsted, Jr., Charles F.McKim, and Augustus St. Gaudens in the early 1900's. L'Enfant, who had served under George Washington during the American Revolution, had a unique opportunity of creating both a city and a capital where none existed. He combined a road grid system with radial avenues and using the natural lay of the land to create a masterpiece.



Links appearing on this page:

Civil War Encyclopedia >> Cities - North

Washington D. C. was last changed on - May 19, 2007
Washington D. C. was added on - May 19, 2007




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