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Siege of Charleston
Civil War Encyclopedia >> Siege
July 6, 1863 Rear Admiral Samuel Du Pont, South Atlantic Blockading Squadron, is relieved of duty over the lack of ability of the Navy to make headway against the fortifications of Charleston, according to Secretary of the Navy Gideon Welles. He is replaced by John Dahlgren.
July 10, 1863 Federal forces complete an amphibious landing on Morris Island near the entrance to Charleston Harbor. They will fortify the position over the next 3 weeks South Carolina
  Quincy A. Gillmore
July 18, 1863 The 54th Massachusetts, comprised primarily of free blacks from Massachusetts and Pennsylvania, attack Battery Wagner in Charleston Harbor, losing 30% of their men and forcing Quincey Gillmore to lay siege to the city. The film "Glory" is based on this action. South Carolina
  Quincy A. Gillmore
August 1, 1863 Federal forces begin a prolonged bombardment of entrenchments around Charleston Harbor South Carolina
August 11, 1863 Confederate forces pound Federal entrenchments on Morris Island South Carolina
August 12, 1863 Federal batteries on Morris Island open up a "ranging" barrage that will last four days South Carolina
August 17, 1863 In an impressive display of firepower, Federal batteries begin heavy shelling of Confederate positions ringing Charleston Harbor including Fort Sumter. Using Parrott rifled cannon including the 200 pound Swamp Angel, the artillery is deadly accurate and easily breaches Sumter, but no assault is forthcoming. Although the initial attack is the heaviest, Federal assaults continue off and on until September, 1864. South Carolina
  Fort Sumter
September 6, 1863 P. G. T. Beauregard orders Battery Wagner and Morris Island evacuated. The evacuation is accomplished that night. South Carolina
  P. G. T. Beauregard
November 7, 1863 Fort Sumter again falls under heavy shelling. It will last until November 10. South Carolina
November 12, 1863 Following a couple of quiet days, federal shelling of Fort Sumter resumes. South Carolina
November 20, 1863 Federals began heavy bombardment of Fort Sumter. It will continue, off and on, through December 4. South Carolina


Siege of Charleston

Longest siege of The Civil War

Fort Sumter, the outpost in Charleston Harbor where the Civil War started stood as a symbol of the radical Southerners in the eyes of both the North and the South. Two years after the bombardment of Fort Sumter Admiral David Porter decided to make a move against the fort, advancing a fleet of 9 ironclads to the harbor. The cannon of Fort Sumter dealt a serious blow to Porter's fleet an hour into the battle.

Once a naval attack was ruled out, Brigadier General Quincey A. Gillmore

Links appearing on this page:

Fort Sumter
The Civil War

Civil War Encyclopedia >> Siege

Siege of Charleston was last changed on - November 21, 2006
Siege of Charleston was added on - October 21, 2006



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