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Kansas becomes a state
Civil War Encyclopedia >> Politics
May 30, 1854 President Franklin Pierce signs the Kansas-Nebraska Act into law. Kansas
  Bleeding Kansas
  Causes of the Civil War
  Kansas-Nebraska Act
  Franklin Pierce
March 30, 1855 Kansas elects its first territorial legislature. Pro-slavery Missourians cross the border into Kansas to vote against Freestate candidates Kansas
July 2, 1855 The Kansas legislature, meeting in Pawnee and controlled by pro-slave forces, expels all "Free-staters" and moves the legislature to Shawnee Mission, near the Missouri state line Kansas
September 5, 1855 Free-staters meet in Big Springs, Kansas to elect representatives to a constitutional convention in Topeka Kansas
November 2, 1855 Topeka Constitution adopted by the Free Staters Kansas
December 15, 1855 "Topeka Constitution" is ratified
January 24, 1856 Franklin Pierce rejects the Topeka Constitution because the vote did not constitute "...the body politic" Kansas
  Franklin Pierce
March 24, 1856 President Franklin Pierce sends all "...documents touching the affairs of the Territory of Kansas" between the dates of January 1, 1855 and June 30, 1855 to the House of Representatives to comply with an earlier request Kansas
  Franklin Pierce
May 19, 1856 Charles Sumner begins his "Crime against Kansas" speech, which concludes tomorrow Kansas
  Bleeding Kansas
  Sumner and Brooks
  Preston S. Brooks
  Charles Sumner
October 5, 1857
October 6, 1857
Kansas free-staters win control of the legislative branch in elections Kansas
December 2, 1857 "Free-staters" take control of the Kansas legislature following their election in October Kansas
December 21, 1857 Lecompton Constitution ratification vote. Voters were not voting for the Constitution, rather they were voting for the Constitution with slavery or the Constitution without slavery. With freestaters waiting for the vote on January 4, pro-slavery factions easily carry the vote Kansas
  Lecompton Constitution
March 23, 1858 Free-stater convention convenes in Leavenworth, Kansas Kansas
April 3, 1858 Leavenworth Constitution is adopted by a Free-stater constitutional convention. It is opposed by the Buchanan administration because it does not represent the people of the state Kansas
  James Buchanan
May 4, 1858 James Buchanan signs the English Bill
  English Bill
  James Buchanan
August 2, 1858 In a straight up or down vote required by the U. S. Congress for admission, the Lecomption Constitution as modified by the English Bill is overwhelmingly defeated. It is so bad that both pro-slave and freestate factions vote against it. The state must approve a different constitution. Kansas
  English Bill
  Lecompton Constitution
July 5, 1859
July 29, 1859
The 4th Constitutional Convention, Wyandotte, Kansas Kansas
  Bleeding Kansas
July 5, 1859 The fourth Kansas Constitutional Convention is convened in Wyandotte, Kansas. Kansas
July 29, 1859 The Wyandotte Constitution is adopted by the convention Kansas
October 4, 1859 The Wyandotte Constitution is ratified by the state of Kansas. It abolishes slavery. Kansas
January 29, 1861 Kansas admitted to the Union Kansas
  Bleeding Kansas

For more than 6 years Kansas had struggled to become a state. Four separate constitutions had been written: Topeka, Lecompton, and Leavenworth had failed to satisfy factional politic demands in the United States. Finally, in 1859 a document was drafted at Wyandotte. In the past, the Southern senators would have rejected the application, but at the start of 1861, because of their reduced number, the bill passed the Senate and was sent to Buchanan for his signature.

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Civil War Encyclopedia >> Politics

Kansas becomes a state was added in 2005

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