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Jefferson Davis
Civil War Encyclopedia >> People - Confederate Political
June 3, 1808 Jefferson Davis born, Christian County (now Todd County), Kentucky Kentucky
February 22, 1847
February 23, 1847
Battle of Buena Vista (Mexican-American War)
  George Thomas
  Braxton Bragg
  Mexican American War
  Zachary Taylor
January 23, 1854 Following a discussion with Franklin Pierce and Secretary of War Jefferson Davis, Douglas releases the Nebraska act with two significant changes: Two terrortories, Kansas and Nebraska will be formed and the Missouri Compromise is superceded and inoperative.
  Stephen A. Douglas
  Franklin Pierce
  Kansas-Nebraska Act
  Missouri Compromise (Compromise of 1820)
January 5, 1860 Jefferson Davis comes out in favor of secession for the first time
February 9, 1861 After privately considering William Yancey, Howell Cobb, Robert Toombs, Alexander Stephens, and Robert Barnwell Rhett for President of the Confederate States of America, the Convention settles on Jefferson Davis. They select Alexander Stephens, both pro-Union and a friend of Abraham Lincoln, as vice-president
  Alexander Stephens
  Convention of Seceding States
  Robert Barnwell Rhett
  Robert Toombs
February 10, 1861 At his plantation home outside Vicksburg, Jefferson Davis receives the news he is the first President of the Confederate States of America. He was hoping to be commander of the military Mississippi
February 11, 1861 As President-elect Abraham Lincoln begins his journey to Washington D. C. from Springfield, Illinois, President-elect Jefferson Davis journeys from Vicksburg, Mississippi to Montgomery, Alabama to accept the Presidency of the Confederate States. Mississippi
  Abraham Lincoln
  Convention of Seceding States
February 18, 1861 Jefferson Davis is inaugurated "Provisional President of the Confederate States of America" in Montgomery Alabama
  Convention of Seceding States
February 19, 1861 Jefferson Davis appoints his Cabinet including fireeater Robert Toombs (State), Christopher Memminger (Treasury), LeRoy Pope Walker (War), Judah P. Benjamin (Attorney-General) and J. H. Reagan (Postmaster-General).
  Robert Toombs
March 1, 1861 Jefferson Davis orders General P. G. T. Beauregard to Charleston South Carolina
  Fort Sumter
July 22, 1861 In a proclamation, Jefferson Davis accepts Tennessee as a member of the Confederacy Tennessee
September 10, 1861 Jefferson Davis places Albert Sidney Johnston in command of the Confederate West ("Department Number Two").
  Albert Sidney Johnston
October 19, 1861 President Davis tries to quell an on-going dispute between Generals Johnston [CS] and Beauregard [CS].
  Joseph E. Johnston
  P. G. T. Beauregard
February 22, 1862 Jefferson Davis is inaugurated as the first (and only) President of the Confederate States of America. Alexander Stephens is inaugurated Vice President.
  Alexander Stephens
March 11, 1862 For their disasterous performance at Fort Donelson, President Jefferson Davis relieves John Floyd and Gideon Pillow from command.
  John Floyd
  Gideon Pillow
March 13, 1862 Jefferson Davis orders Robert E. Lee to "...conduct military operations of the armies of the Confederacy."
  Robert E. Lee
March 18, 1862 Jefferson Davis moves Judah Benjamin from the War Department to Secretary of State, replacing R. M. T. Hunter. George Randolph of Virginia is appointed Secretary of War.
March 28, 1862 Jefferson Davis proposes a conscription bill, shocking many Southerners.
April 12, 1862 Combining the Confederate Army of the Potomac with John Magruder's Army of the Peninsula and a large garrison at Norfolk, President Jefferson Davis creates the Army of Northern Virginia.
  Army of Northern Virginia
  Joseph E. Johnston
  Peninsula Campaign
  John Magruder
June 1, 1862 Jefferson Davis replaces wounded Army of Northern Virginia commander Joseph E. Johnston with Robert E. Lee
  Robert E. Lee
  Joseph E. Johnston
  Army of Northern Virginia
July 21, 1862 In a tersely worded telegram, Braxton Bragg informs Jefferson Davis that he will move his army in force from Tupelo, Mississippi to Chattanooga, Tennessee Mississippi
  Confederate Invasion of Kentucky
  Braxton Bragg
November 6, 1862 Jefferson Davis and Alexander Stephens are elected President and Vice-President, respectively, of the Confederate States of America
  Alexander Stephens
December 21, 1862 President Davis visits Vicksburg Mississippi
  First Vicksburg Campaign
December 23, 1862 Jefferson Davis issues a general order proclaiming Benjamin Butler an "enemy of mankind" and authorizing his immediate execution if captured
April 2, 1863 A mob demands bread from a supply wagon in Richmond, starting the so-called Bread Riot. The mob looted other stores and was personally addressed by Jefferson Davis, who tossed the money from his pocket into the crowd. Police and soldiers eventually dispersed the crowd. Virginia
July 7, 1863 Federal troops sack Brierfield, the plantation home of Jefferson Davis Mississippi
August 8, 1863 Robert E. Lee offers his resignation to Jefferson Davis. Davis refuses the offer.
  Robert E. Lee
October 6, 1863 President Davis heads south from Richmond on a trip to South Carolina and North Georgia Virginia
October 8, 1863 President Davis speaks in Atlanta
October 9, 1863 President Davis speaks in Marietta, Georgia Georgia
October 13, 1863 President Davis approves Braxton Bragg's request to relieve Major General Daniel Harvey Hill [CS] of duty.
  Braxton Bragg
  Daniel Harvey Hill
October 23, 1863 Leonidas Polk is relieved of duty by President Davis
  Leonidas Polk
November 28, 1863 In Dalton, Georgia, Braxton Bragg telegraphs his resignation to President Davis Georgia
  Braxton Bragg
  Army of Tennessee
November 30, 1863 President Davis accepts Bragg's resignation and appoints William Hardee in temporary command of the Army of Tennessee Tennessee
  Braxton Bragg
  William Hardee
  Army of Tennessee
December 1, 1863 In a letter to Jefferson Davis, Bragg admits that he (and Davis) erred in leaving him in command after Chickamauga.
  Braxton Bragg
December 8, 1863 Confederate senator Henry S. Foote of Mississippi severly critizes President Jefferson Davis for both his military and civilian policies Mississippi
February 24, 1864 Braxton Bragg becomes Jefferson Davis' chief of staff
April 30, 1864 Jefferson Davis's son Joe dies following a fall from the Confederate White House
September 25, 1864 Jefferson Davis visits General John Bell Hood at Palmetto. Hood asks permission to relieve William Hardee.
  John Bell Hood
  William Hardee
October 2, 1864 In Augusta, Jefferson Davis meets with P. G. T. Beauregard to give him command of the Department of Georgia, Alabama and Mississippi Georgia
  P. G. T. Beauregard
April 2, 1865 With the Petersburg line crumbling, Lee informs Davis he will abandon his position that evening. The Confederate government evacuates Richmond and Mayor Joseph Mayo surrenders the city to General Godfrey Weitzel. Virginia
  Richmond, Virginia
  Robert E. Lee
  Siege of Petersburg
May 10, 1865 President Jefferson Davis is captured near Irwinville Georgia
May 22, 1865 Jefferson Davis imprisoned at Fort Monroe
February 15, 1869 Charges of treason against Jefferson Davis are dropped, based on the general amnesty granted by President Johnson on Christmas
December 5, 1889 Jefferson Davis dies, New Orleans, Louisiana

Jefferson Davis

During his last year at West Point, Davis got into a fistfight with Joe Johnston's over Benny Haven's daughter.

Death played an important role in the Compromise of 1850. With the death of John Calhoun, the pro-slavery forces turned to young Jefferson Davis to assume leadership and form a coalition to prevent passage of the bill. Davis was successful in defeating Henry Clay's omnibus bill.

One of the bills included in Clay's Compromise granted statehood to California, which President Zachary Taylor supported. Following an Independence Day celebration, Taylor became the second President to die while in office. Taylor had been Davis's father-in-law and Davis served under Taylor in the Mexican American War

Jefferson Davis

Links appearing on this page:

Compromise of 1850
Joe Johnston
John Calhoun
Mexican American War

Civil War Encyclopedia >> People - Confederate Political

Jefferson Davis was last changed on - May 7, 2006
Jefferson Davis was added in 2005

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