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James McPherson
April 6, 1862
April 7, 1862
Battle of Pittsburg Landing [Union]
Battle of Shiloh [Confederate]

Ulysses S. Grant [US] defeats Albert Sidney Johnston [CS] in southwest Tennessee. P. G. T. Beauregard assumed command following Johnston's death

Confederate Losses
1,723 dead
8,012 wounded
959 missing
Union Losses
1,754 dead
8,408 wounded
2,885 missing
  Ulysses S. Grant
  Sherman's Memoirs on Shiloh
  P. G. T. Beauregard
  Battle of Shiloh
  Braxton Bragg
  William Tecumseh Sherman
  Bloodiest Civil War battles
  Don Carlos Buell
  Albert Sidney Johnston
  John Breckinridge
  William Hardee
  William 'Bull' Nelson
  Lew Wallace
  Lew Wallace at Shiloh
  Army of the Tennessee
  Army of Mississippi
May 26, 1863
July 4, 1863
Siege of Vicksburg

Date of the start of siege varies from May 18 - May 26.
  Ulysses S. Grant
  William Tecumseh Sherman
  John A. McClernand
March 17, 1864 William Tecumseh Sherman, meeting with Grant in Nashville, is promoted to Military Division of the Mississippi commanding the Department of the Ohio, Department of the Tennessee, Department of the Cumberland and the Department of the Arkansas. Major General James McPherson is promoted to Sherman's old position, commander of the Army of the Tennessee Tennessee
  William Tecumseh Sherman
  Ulysses S. Grant
  Army of the Tennessee
May 9, 1864 Coming out of Snake Creek Gap, General James McPherson runs into a Rebel force at Resaca that was stronger than expected. He returns to the gap rather than attack. Georgia
  Atlanta Campaign
May 13, 1864
May 15, 1864
Battle of Resaca Georgia
  George Thomas
  William Tecumseh Sherman
  Joseph E. Johnston
  Atlanta Campaign
  Battle of Resaca
  Leonidas Polk
  William Hardee

James Birdseye McPherson

On the first day of the battle of Shiloh Ulysses S. Grant ordered Chief Engineer James McPherson to find Lew Wallace's lost division and move him into battle to the William Tecumseh Sherman's right. The 33 year-old lieutenant colonel found Wallace, who would later write Ben-Hur, trying to countermarch his division to get to the battle rather than simply turning it around. As Wallace waited for his division to regroup, young McPherson fumed from his saddle.

Born and raised near Clyde, Ohio, (between Toledo and Cleveland, not very far south of the Lake Erie shore) on November 14, 1828, 20 years later James McPherson attended West Point. He spent much of his free time tutoring roommate John Bell Hood so that he too would make it through the academy. For almost all of his final year, Robert E. Lee was the superintendent of the United States Military Academy and McPherson was first in his class. Graduating with McPherson were John Schofield, Phil Sheridan and Hood. McPherson returned to West Point the following year as an assistant instructor in engineering.

In 1854 James McPherson was reassigned to New York where he worked on the defensive perimeter of the harbor before moving to Fort Delaware. Late in 1858, following his promotion to first lieutenant, McPherson went west to build a series of defensive fortifications on Alcatraz Island. Completing the fort was a hated task for the engineer, and when he turned the post over to his replacement to be garrisoned in 1859, McPherson was ordered to remain in San Francisco to oversee the remaining work on the fortifications. It was during this time that McPherson first met a future commander, "Cump" Sherman, also from Ohio.

Clouds of war were growing in the east, and as the southern states seceded James McPherson showed he understood war better than most when he wrote a friend, Lt. E. P. Alexander,
This war is not going to be the ninety days affair that papers and politicians are predicting. Both sides are in deadly earnest, and it is going to be fought out to the bitter end.

Links appearing on this page:

Lew Wallace
Phil Sheridan
Robert E. Lee
Ulysses S. Grant
West Point
William Tecumseh Sherman

James McPherson was last changed on - May 26, 2007
James McPherson was added on - November 7, 2006

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