Georgia's Blue and Gray Trail Presents America's Civil War


Blue and Gray Trail
Civil War Encyclopedia
Civil War in Georgia
On the Blue and Gray Trail
Civil War by state
Today in the Civil War
This year in the Civil War
Battles
Images
Places
Feature Stories
Links
Search


Fitz-John Porter
Civil War Encyclopedia >> People - Union Military
April 11, 1862 General Fitz-John Porter [US] decides to ride in an observation balloon alone when inventor Thaddeus Lowe takes a sick-day. In flight, the balloon tether breaks, and Porter nearly crosses into enemy territory. A last minute change in wind direction returned him to Union lines.
May 27, 1862 Battle of Hanover Court House Virginia
  George McClellan
  Peninsula Campaign
  Gouverneur K. Warren
June 26, 1862 Battle of Mechanicsville [CS]
Battle of Beaver Dam Creek [US]
Battle of Ellerson's Mill [Alternate]
Battle of Ellison's Mill [Alternate:misspelling]

Daniel Harvey Hill [CS] attacks Fitz-John Porter [US].
Virginia
  Seven Days Retreat
  George McClellan
  Battle of Beaver Dam Creek
  A. P. Hill
  Robert E. Lee
  George Meade
  John Reynolds
June 27, 1862 Battle of Gaines Mill [US]
Battle of First Cold Harbor [CS]
Battle of the Chickahominy [Alternate]

John Bell Hood [CS] and George Pickett [CS] breakthrough Fitz John Porter's [US] line, forcing Union troops south of the Chickahominy River and severing McClellan's supply line to Eltham's Landing (White House, West Point)
Virginia
  Seven Days Retreat
  John Bell Hood
  Battle of Gaines Mill
  Daniel Harvey Hill
  A. P. Hill
  Gouverneur K. Warren
  George Pickett
  George Meade
  John Reynolds
July 1, 1862 Battle of Malvern Hill
Battle of Malvern Cliffs

Robert E. Lee [CS] attacked George B. McClellan [U.S.], whose men made a gallant stand in front of the James River. Lee called off his attack after failing to break the Union line.
Virginia
  George McClellan
  Robert E. Lee
  Lafayette McLaws
  Seven Days Retreat
  Battle of Malvern Hill
  Darius Couch
August 29, 1862
August 30, 1862
Second Manassas[CS]
Second Bull Run[US]

General John Pope [US] lost to General Robert E. Lee[CS]. General James Longstreet's [CS] 28,000 man assault on August 30 was the largest simultaneous assault of the war in this Confederate victory.

Union losses 13,830

Confederate losses 8,350

Also includes: Manassas Plains, Gainesville
Virginia
  James Longstreet
  Robert E. Lee
  Stonewall Jackson
  Army of Northern Virginia
  Second Manassas - Second Bull Run
  Northern Virginia Campaign
  John Pope
  Gouverneur K. Warren
  John Reynolds
  Army of Virginia
  Joseph Hooker
  Samuel Heintzelman


Fitz-John Porter

Cousin of David Porter

As Albert Sidney Johnston's adjutant-general, Major Fitz-John Porter rode west on the Utah Expedition. He returned to Washington D. C. to become the assistant adjutant-general for the U. S. Army.

Fitz-John Porter was, by George McClellan's own admission, his favorite corps commander. Following the Battle of Seven Pines Porter's 5th Corps screened the Army of the Potomac north of the Chickahominy River. During the Seven Days Robert E. Lee wanted to cut McClellan's line of supply and massed his forces north of the river against Porter's corps.

At the Battle of Mechanicsville, Porter withstood an advance by A. P. Hill late in the day on June 26, 1862 pulling back to a position prepared by engineer John Barnard at Gaines Mill. One of the strongest positions held by either side during the Civil War, Porter withstood repeated attacks by a majority of men in the Army of Northern Virginia. Late that afternoon, Lee picked John Bell Hood to lead an attack against Porter's line, giving him specific instructions to use bayonets on the skirmish line, then hit Porter's main line with bullets. The radical change in tactics allowed Hood to break a hole in Porter's line and the entire Army of Northern Virginia to advance, severing McClellan's supply line.



Links appearing on this page:

A. P. Hill
Albert Sidney Johnston
Army of Northern Virginia
Army of the Potomac
Battle of Mechanicsville
Battle of Seven Pines
David Porter
Gaines Mill
George McClellan
John Bell Hood
June 26
June, 1862
Robert E. Lee
Seven Days
Utah Expedition
Washington D. C.

Civil War Encyclopedia >> People - Union Military

Fitz-John Porter was last changed on - June 2, 2007
Fitz-John Porter was added on - June 10, 2006




Add to Google




The Blue and Gray Trail | The Civil War in Georgia | On the Blue and Gray Trail
Battles | Places | Events by year | Events by date | Feature Stories |
Bookstore | Links | Who We Are |