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Earl Van Dorn
Civil War Encyclopedia >> People - Confederate Military
March 3, 1855 The United States Army creates the First (Edwin Vose Sumner, Joseph E. Johnston) and Second Cavalry (Albert Sidney Johnston, Robert E. Lee).
  Robert E. Lee
  Joseph E. Johnston
  Albert Sidney Johnston
  Edwin Vose Sumner
  George Thomas
  William Hardee
March 6, 1862
March 8, 1862
Battle of Pea Ridge [US]
Battle of Elkhorn Tavern [CS]
Arkansas
  Sterling Price
July 2, 1862 Earl Van Dorn is given command of the Military District of Mississippi Mississippi
October 3, 1862
October 4, 1862
Battle of Corinth

Earl Van Dorn [CS] and Sterling Price [CS] attack William Rosecrans [US] northern perimeter, driving it back to a reinforced line. Rosecrans successfully defends the city
Mississippi
  Sterling Price
  William S. Rosecrans
December 20, 1862 General Earl Van Dorn [CS] strikes a federal supply depot at Holly Springs capturing 1500 prisoners and destroying 1.5 million dollars of military supplies Mississippi
  First Vicksburg Campaign
March 4, 1863
March 5, 1863
Battle of Spring Hill
Battle of Unionville

Confederate Cavalry under Earl Van Dorn and Nathan Bedford Forrest drive Union Cavalry off on the 4th, then surround and engage the remaining infantry. After heavy fighting on the 5th, the Union garrison surrenders.
Tennessee
  Nathan Bedford Forrest
May 7, 1863 Major General Earl van Dorn [CS] is killed by a jealous husband.
  Generals Who Died In the Civil War


Earl Van Dorn

In February, 1861, Earl Van Dorn accepted command of the Mississippi militia when his commander, Jefferson Davis, left to become provisional President of the Confederate States of America. He could not stand the paperwork required for the position and left to recruiting duty in Texas as a Confederate colonel. It was van Dorn who was in command when Star of the West was seized at Indianola.

Following the battle of Wilson's Creek, Sterling Price and Benjamin McCulloch were so at odds that Jefferson Davis appointed van Dorn as overall commander in the West. The battle of Pea Ridge pitted Van Dorn and Price against Samuel Curtis [US] in an attempt to liberate Missouri. Van Dorn refused to make a frontal attack and after a forced nighttime march the Confederates attacked an entrenched federal line from the north.

Van Dorn detached McCulloch's division down Ford Road towards Leetown, then continued northeast along the "Bentonville Detour." By the time this happened Col. Grenville Dodge had already reported the Rebel movement to Curtis. During the attack on the Union left at Pea Ridge, McCulloch and one of his brigade commanders, James McIntosh, were killed and his demoralized men withdrew.

Sterling Price's division, under the command of Earl Van Dorn hit Brigadier General Eugene Carr's [US] troops in the late morning of March 7. Carr was driven back steadily, but Van Dorn broke off the attack at dusk. During the night the Yankees moved east, reinforcing the weakened US line. After an early morning artillery bombardment Curtis attacked, driving Van Dorn from the field of battle.

High water prevented Van Dorn from joining the Confederate army at Shiloh as ordered by Albert Sidney Johnston, but he did join P. G. T. Beauregard in Corinth following the battle. The Trans-Mississippi Army helped build the fortifications around Corinth. On May 9, 1862, Van Dorn struck federal units under John Pope in the vicinity of Farmington, Mississippi, marking the largest battle of Henry Halleck's advance on Corinth.

When Braxton Bragg took the Army of Mississippi east to Chattanooga, Van Dorn was placed in charge of the Department of Southern Mississippi and Eastern Louisiana to do what he could to prevent complete federal control of the area. His major offensive moves in this command were Sterling Price striking William S. Rosecrans at Iuka and joining him to strike Rosecrans again at Corinth. By the time Price reached Iuka, he was no longer speaking to Van Dorn, who had unrealistic plans of taking Memphis, Tennessee.

At the Battle of Corinth, Van Dorn advanced against Rosecrans reinforced skirmish line, forcing it from an outer perimeter of forts to a strong circle of forts that Van Dorn had helped build when Confederates controlled the city. With Ulysses S. Grant and Edward O. C. Ord advancing towards his position, Van Dorn wisely withdrew.

A Confederate general accused Van Dorn of being drunk on duty during Corinth. Although he was exonerated of these charges, Van Dorn was found guilty of negligence. Braxton Bragg took the opportunity to relieve Van Dorn of duty and reassigned him to the cavalry. John Pemberton took his place.

It was Van Dorn's raid on Ulysses S. Grant's supply depot at Holly Springs that earned Van Dorn his greatest victory. Capturing a garrison and destroying more than a million dollars of supplies, Van Dorn effectively ended William T. Sherman's first attempt to reach Vicksburg.

In April, 1863, Van Dorn's cavalry struck Gordon Granger in Franklin, Tennessee. Less than a month later the Confederate commander lay dead, not the victim of a federal bullet, but one from the gun of a doctor whose wife Van Dorn had been seeing.

Links appearing on this page:

Albert Sidney Johnston
Braxton Bragg
Edward O. C. Ord
Henry Halleck
Jefferson Davis
P. G. T. Beauregard
Shiloh
Star of the West
Sterling Price
Ulysses S. Grant
William S. Rosecrans
William T. Sherman

Civil War Encyclopedia >> People - Confederate Military

Earl Van Dorn was last changed on - February 18, 2007
Earl Van Dorn was added on - May 7, 2006





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