The Free-Soil party is formed by dissatisfied Democrats and former Liberty Party members at a convention in Buffalo, N. Y. with delegates from all free states and Delaware, Maryland and Virginia. They nominate Martin Van Buren for President and Charles Francis Adams for Vice-President.
Salmon Chase (writer) and Charles Sumner (editor) release the "Appeal of the Independent Democrats
in Congress to the People of the United States," attacking the Nebraska Act. (the appeal was written before the act was revised)