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Chancellorsville
Civil War Encyclopedia >> Battles
April 30, 1863 Army of the Potomac forces set up camp in The Wilderness surrounding the Chancellor family home after crossing the Rappahannock River Virginia
  Army of the Potomac
May 1, 1863
May 4, 1863
Battle of Chancellorsville

General "Fighting Joe" Hooker's Army of the Potomac is defeated by Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia as it crosses the Rappahannock on the way to Richmond

Union: 17,268

Confederate: 12,821
Virginia
  Robert E. Lee
  Joseph Hooker
  Bloodiest Civil War battles
  Stonewall Jackson
  Army of Northern Virginia
  Army of the Potomac
  Lafayette McLaws
  John Reynolds
  Darius Couch
  George Stoneman
May 2, 1863 General Stonewall Jackson is shot 3 times in a friendly fire incident Virginia
  Stonewall Jackson
  Generals Who Died In the Civil War
May 3, 1863 Second Battle of Fredericksburg

John Sedgwick drives Jubal Early south past the city of Fredericksburg. The following day, as Early prepares to counterattack he finds the city empty. Sedgwick had followed the river west to aid the Army of the Potomac at Chancellorsville
Virginia
  Jubal Anderson Early
  John Sedgwick
May 3, 1863
May 4, 1863
Battle of Salem Church
Battle of Banks Ford

Wilcox's Brigade of Early's Division stops the Union IV Army Corps with a position around rural Salem Church. Sedgwick decided to withdraw to the north when Lee reinforces Wilcox with two divisions and Early moves on Sedgwick's rear.
Virginia
  John Sedgwick
  Jubal Anderson Early


Chancellorsville

Twelve miles west of Fredericksburg a small village formed at a roadway intersection, anchored by the wealthy Chancellor family's home. Early in May, 1864, the village would be the centerpiece of a failed Union attack and Confederate rout that is considered Robert E. Lee's greatest victory.

With the Confederate Army protecting Fredericksburg and the Washington to Richmond Road from the mountains south of the city, Joe Hooker decided to outflank his opponent to the west. He intended to cross the Rappahannock then return to the Washington to Richmond Road south of the entrenched Rebels. Once south of Fredericksburg the road ran through farmland occasionally broken by river valleys. It would be much easier to move a the Army of the Potomac through this terrain.

Lee's biggest problems in the Army of Northern Virginia were men and supplies. The Union Army vastly outnumbered his Confederates and was much better fed. He was writing Jefferson Davis about these problems when word reached him that a large part of the Union Army was moving west north of the Rappahannock River.



Links appearing on this page:

Army of Northern Virginia
Army of the Potomac
Jefferson Davis
Joe Hooker
May, 1864
Robert E. Lee

Civil War Encyclopedia >> Battles

Chancellorsville was last changed on - May 1, 2009
Chancellorsville was added on - June 4, 2006



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