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Bleeding Kansas
Civil War Encyclopedia >> Major Event
April 26, 1854 Emory Washburn signs legislation officially recognizing the Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Company. It founded by Eli Thayer, Alexander H. Bullock and Edward Everett Hale.
May 30, 1854 President Franklin Pierce signs the Kansas-Nebraska Act into law. Kansas
  Kansas becomes a state
  Causes of the Civil War
  Kansas-Nebraska Act
  Franklin Pierce
July 28, 1854 First settlers arrive in Kansas under the New England Emigrant Society charter. They set up tents on the Kansas River, west of its confluence with the Missouri.
August 1, 1854 City of Lawrence, Kansas is founded Kansas
November 21, 1855
December 4, 1855
Wakarusa War between the Freestaters in Lawrence and proslavery forces surrounding the town
May 19, 1856 Charles Sumner begins his "Crime against Kansas" speech, which concludes tomorrow Kansas
  Sumner and Brooks
  Preston S. Brooks
  Charles Sumner
  Kansas becomes a state
May 21, 1856 Samuel Jones, a pro-slavery sheriff leads a band of border ruffians on a raid against Lawrence, Kansas Kansas
May 24, 1856
May 25, 1856
Pottawatomie Massacre - John Brown kills five pro-slavers along this Kansas Creek Kansas
  John Brown
June 2, 1856 Battle of Blackjack, near Baldwin in Douglas County Kansas
July 4, 1856 Under direct orders from President Franklin Pierce, Edwin Vose Sumner leads 200 infantrymen into Topeka, Kansas, unlimbers his artillery and informs the freestaters they may not hold a convention. Kansas
  Edwin Vose Sumner
  Franklin Pierce
August 16, 1856 Battle of Fort Titus Kansas
August 30, 1856 Battle at Osawatomie - 12 Free-staters under Capt. John Brown are attacked by 250 pro-slavery men
  John Brown
July 5, 1859
July 29, 1859
The 4th Constitutional Convention, Wyandotte, Kansas Kansas
  Kansas becomes a state
January 29, 1861 Kansas admitted to the Union Kansas
  Kansas becomes a state

Bleeding Kansas

Known under a variety of names including Jayhawker, Redlegs, Border Ruffians and Missouri Pukes, the men who aroused the violence in Bleeding Kansas where either thugs or terrorists, whether free-soiler or pro-slavery. However, the underlying cause of the violence was the brewing sectional conflict over the abolition of slavery.

Shortly after the Compromise of 1850 pressure renewed on Congress to add new states. Steven Douglas wanted to ensure the railroad center for the rapidly expanding West was Chicago, in his home state of Illinois.

Southerners were strong supporters of the Kansas-Nebraska Act as the bill was finally known, because they made the assumption that Kansas would be slave and Nebraska would be free.

Links appearing on this page:

Compromise of 1850
Steven Douglas

Civil War Encyclopedia >> Major Event

Bleeding Kansas was last changed on - November 12, 2006
Bleeding Kansas was added in 2005

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