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Army of Mississippi
Civil War Encyclopedia >> Armies - Confederate
March 29, 1862 The Central Army of Kentucky and the Army of Alabama and West Florida, and is merged into the Army of Mississippi in Corinth under Albert Sidney Johnston with P. G. T. Beauregard as second-in-command. Corps commanders are Braxton Bragg, Leonidas Polk, William Hardee and George Crittenden. Mississippi
  Albert Sidney Johnston
  P. G. T. Beauregard
  Braxton Bragg
  Leonidas Polk
  William Hardee
  Central Army of Kentucky
April 6, 1862
April 7, 1862
Battle of Pittsburg Landing [Union]
Battle of Shiloh [Confederate]

Ulysses S. Grant [US] defeats Albert Sidney Johnston [CS] in southwest Tennessee. P. G. T. Beauregard assumed command following Johnston's death

Confederate Losses
1,723 dead
8,012 wounded
959 missing
Union Losses
1,754 dead
8,408 wounded
2,885 missing
  Ulysses S. Grant
  Sherman's Memoirs on Shiloh
  P. G. T. Beauregard
  Battle of Shiloh
  Braxton Bragg
  William Tecumseh Sherman
  Bloodiest Civil War battles
  Don Carlos Buell
  Albert Sidney Johnston
  John Breckinridge
  William Hardee
  William 'Bull' Nelson
  Lew Wallace
  Lew Wallace at Shiloh
  Army of the Tennessee
  James McPherson
April 8, 1862 Following a disasterous second day at Pittsburg Landing, Confederates withdraw to Corinth, Mississippi Tennessee
  Battle of Shiloh
May 30, 1862 Confederates evacuate Corinth Mississippi
  P. G. T. Beauregard
July 23, 1862 Moving his men by railroad from Tupelo, Mississippi, Braxton Bragg reappears in Chattanooga, Tennessee after a journey of more than 770 miles. It was the largest troop movement by rail during the war for the Confederates. Tennessee
  Braxton Bragg
August 21, 1862 Braxton Bragg crosses the Tennessee River at Chattanooga. Tennessee
  Confederate Invasion of Kentucky
August 28, 1862 Braxton Bragg [CS] leaves from north of Chattanooga, heading to join Kirby Smith in Kentucky Tennessee
  Braxton Bragg
  Army of Tennessee
  Confederate Invasion of Kentucky
November 20, 1862 The Army of Mississippi is renamed The Army of Tennessee
  Army of Tennessee

Also called: Army of the Mississippi

With Ulysses S. Grant's Army of West Tennessee capturing Fort Henry and Fort Donelson, the Army of Mississippi was created on paper as Albert Sidney Johnston withdrew from Murfreesboro. He sent P. G. T. Beauregard south to Corinth, Mississippi to handle mostly organizational responsibilities of gathering coastal defense forces that became the "veteran" contingent of the army made up mostly of raw recruits.

When Johnston arrive in late March he combined Beauregard's forces, Braxton Bragg's forces, and his own remaining army under this name, marched the men to a small church near Pittsburg Landing and fought the bloodiest battle ever on American soil at the time.

On April 6, 1862 the Army of Mississippi nearly drove Grant's army from the battlefield. When Sidney Johnston was killed in fighting in a peach orchard Beauregard again assumed command of the Army of Mississippi. Advancing to an entrenched position known as "Grant's last line," Beauregard called off the attack shortly before dusk. On the following day Grant, reinforced by Don Carlos Buell, drove the Army of Mississippi back past the point of first attack. Realizing his army was defeated Beauregard ordered a general retreat back to Corinth.

At the end of April, 1862, Henry Halleck began marching on Corinth. Over the next 30 days the Army of Mississippi watched as the Army of West Tennessee advanced in slow-motion towards Corinth. Before it arrived, the Army of Mississippi withdrew to the east, ending up in Tupelo, Mississippi. Unfortunately, Beauregard never told Jefferson Davis he was going to leave Corinth, so the Confederate President took command away from the Creole general as soon as the opportunity presented itself, replacing Beauregard with Braxton Bragg.

From Chattanooga, Bragg advanced to the east of Murfreesboro along the Cumberland Plateau, turning west, then north again into Kentucky. Buell, in command at Nashville was caught completely off-guard when Bragg turned north. Racing Bragg north, the Army of the Ohio made a sweeping move west of the Army of Mississippi and arrived in Louisville while Bragg besieged a stubborn 5,000 man garrison in Munfordville, Kentucky.

After taking Bardstown and Frankfort, the Army of Mississippi began a desperate search for water that led them to Perryville. Unfortunately for the Confederates, the Union Army had heard the same rumors, arrived first, and entrenched. Bragg hit about half the Union Army and won a tactical victory but was forced to withdraw from the battlefield, so complete victory was not his.

Leaving the battlefield the Army of Mississippi went southeast to Cumberland Gap, then south to Knoxville before returning to an entrenched position southeast of the Army of the Ohio in Murfreesboro. On November 20, 1863 the Army of Mississippi became the Army of Tennessee.

Links appearing on this page:

April 6
April, 1862
Army of Tennessee
Braxton Bragg
Don Carlos Buell
Fort Henry and Fort Donelson
Henry Halleck
Jefferson Davis
November 20
November, 1863
P. G. T. Beauregard
Pittsburg Landing
Ulysses S. Grant

Civil War Encyclopedia >> Armies - Confederate

Army of Mississippi was last changed on - November 12, 2007
Army of Mississippi was added on - September 26, 2007

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