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A. P. Hill
Civil War Encyclopedia >> People - Confederate Military
June 26, 1862 Battle of Mechanicsville [CS]
Battle of Beaver Dam Creek [US]
Battle of Ellerson's Mill [Alternate]
Battle of Ellison's Mill [Alternate:misspelling]

Daniel Harvey Hill [CS] attacks Fitz-John Porter [US].
Virginia
  Seven Days Retreat
  George McClellan
  Battle of Beaver Dam Creek
  Fitz-John Porter
  Robert E. Lee
  George Meade
  John Reynolds
June 27, 1862 Battle of Gaines Mill [US]
Battle of First Cold Harbor [CS]
Battle of the Chickahominy [Alternate]

John Bell Hood [CS] and George Pickett [CS] breakthrough Fitz John Porter's [US] line, forcing Union troops south of the Chickahominy River and severing McClellan's supply line to Eltham's Landing (White House, West Point)
Virginia
  Seven Days Retreat
  John Bell Hood
  Battle of Gaines Mill
  Daniel Harvey Hill
  Fitz-John Porter
  Gouverneur K. Warren
  George Pickett
  George Meade
  John Reynolds
June 30, 1862 Battle of Frayser's Farm
Battle of White Oak Swamp [Alt.]
Battle of Glendale
Many other names

Robert E. Lee's [CS] last chance to cut the Army of the Potomac in two. George McClellan [US] withdraws to Malvern Hill.
Virginia
  Seven Days Retreat
  Battle of Glendale
  Samuel Heintzelman
  George Meade
  Joseph Hooker
  James Longstreet
August 9, 1862 Battle of Cedar Mountain [US]
Battle of Slaughter Mountain [CS]
Other names: Cedar Run, Cedar Run Mountain, Southwest Mountain

Stonewall Jackson [CS] defeats Nathaniel Banks [US].
Virginia
  Northern Virginia Campaign
  Jubal Anderson Early
  Battle of Cedar Mountain
  Richard Ewell
  Army of Virginia
  Nathaniel Banks
September 19, 1862
September 20, 1862
Skirmishes at Shepherdstown, Ashby's Gap, Williamsport, and Hagerstown, as Confederates under A. P. Hill covered the retreat of the Army of Northern Virginia from Sharpsburg. Lee would keep a heavy cavalry presence in the area until October. Maryland
Virginia
West Virginia
  Antietam
  Army of Northern Virginia
May 30, 1863 Robert E. Lee completes the restructuring of the Army of Northern Virginia, creating three corps under James Longstreet, Dick Ewell and A. P. Hill.
  Robert E. Lee
  Army of Northern Virginia
  James Longstreet
  Richard Ewell
  The Gettysburg Campaign
October 14, 1863 Battle of Bristol Station

A. P. Hill strikes George Meade as he withdraws to the Rappahannock River. Meade had strongly fortified his rear guard defenses, easily repelling Hill's corps.
Virginia
  George Meade
May 5, 1864
May 7, 1864
Battle of the Wilderness

Ulysses S. Grant [US] is badly beaten on the field by Robert E. Lee [CS] but rather than retreat, Grant advances to Spotsylvania Court House.

Union: 17,666

Confederate: 7,750
Virginia
  Bloodiest Civil War battles
  Robert E. Lee
  Ulysses S. Grant
  Army of Northern Virginia
  Overland Campaign
  James Longstreet
  Winfield Scott Hancock
  Richard Ewell
  Gouverneur K. Warren
  John Sedgwick
August 25, 1864 Battle of Reams Station

A. P. Hill [CS] continued his attempts to retake the Weldon Railroad, a vital supply link from Petersburg to North Carolina. Hill drove back the 2nd Corps under General Winfield Scott Hancock and although the battle is considered to be a Southern victory, Hancock's men continued to hold its position on the railroad
Virginia
  Siege of Petersburg
  Winfield Scott Hancock
September 30, 1864 Battle of Poplar Springs Church

G. K. Warren's [US] 5th Corps and John Parke's [US] 9th Corps are attacked by A. P. Hill [CS] at Squirrel Level Road southwest of Petersburg. Warren and Parke did extend the siege lines.
Virginia
  Siege of Petersburg


A. P. Hill

Real name - Ambrose Powell Hill.
Known as - Powell Hill.

A Southern gentleman who is most frequently noted as George B. McClellan's roommate at West Point, Ambrose Powell Hill advanced to division commander under unusual circumstances, and had a mercurial career as a commanding officer. He died from a Yankee bullet during the last hours of the siege of Petersburg.

After taking command of the Army of Northern Virginia during the Battle of Fair Oaks G. W. Smith suffered a nervous breakdown and General Robert E. Lee wanted to be sure Smith did not have a chance to repeat his terrible performance. Lee dissolved Smith's command, sending two brigades to Stonewall Jackson and combining the others in an unusually large division under Ambrose Powell Hill, a brigade commander at the time of Fair Oaks. Less than two weeks later Hill had not only become the youngest Major General in the army but also the commander of its largest division, which Hill christened the Light Division.

His first engagement following his appointment as division commander occurred at the Battle of Mechanicsville. After waiting all day for Stonewall Jackson to attack Fitz-John Porter, Hill impetuously moved forward and hit Porter at Ellerson's Mill, just east of the town. Although he failed to drive Porter from this position the Union commander withdrew to a stronger position at Gaines Mill that night.

During the Battle of Gaines Mill Hill repeatedly struck Porter's line, failing to dislodge the Union commander until a drive by John Bell Hood opened a hole and Hill's entire division advanced, pushing Porter's men back in full retreat. At the Battle of Frayser's Farm on June 30, 1862, Hill was temporarily reassigned to James Longstreet. Lee placed Hill in command when Longstreet failed to show up, however, command returned to Longstreet when he finally arrived. In a piecemeal attack, Longstreet sent his and Hill's men in a brigade at a time, only breaking the Union line late in the day. At one point during the battle Hill directed both Jefferson Davis and Robert E. Lee to leave the battlefield.

Near the end of the day Union resistance seemed to strengthen and Ambrose Powell Hill's men paid the price.


A. P. Hill

Links appearing on this page:

Army of Northern Virginia
Battle of Fair Oaks
Battle of Frayser's Farm
Battle of Gaines Mill
Battle of Mechanicsville
Fitz-John Porter
George B. McClellan
James Longstreet
Jefferson Davis
John Bell Hood
June 30
June, 1862
Petersburg
Robert E. Lee
Stonewall Jackson

Civil War Encyclopedia >> People - Confederate Military

A. P. Hill was last changed on - May 16, 2007
A. P. Hill was added on - June 8, 2006





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