Ohio rescinds its ratification of the 14th Amendment when the Peace Democrats gain control of the legislature. The Federal government refuses to recognize the action and counts Ohio as for ratification
Following the ratification of the 14th Amendment, the New Jersey legislature voted through a resolution of rescission. Governor Marcus L. Ward then vetoed the recission. On this date, New Jersey readopted the recission over the governor's veto
The 14th Amendment to the Constitution of the United States.
This amendment requires the states to grant its citizens the same rights that are guarentted to citizens of the United States under the Constitution. The amendment, proposed and passed by the "Radical Republicans," precipitated Second Reconstrution.
The first section of the amendment was specifically designed to overturn the Dred Scott decision of the Taney Court and to negate the so-called "Black Codes" instituted by southern states following their ratification of the
13th Amendment. Interestingly, as some Northern states realized the impact of the this amendment, their legislatures revoked the ratification. Rights under the amendment, however, were eventually stripped from African-Americans in a series of rulings by the Supreme Court, including Plessy v.
Ferguson and Berea College v. Kentucky.
Interestingly when the Court overturned Plessy v. Ferguson in Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, it narrowly interpreted the Civil Rights clause of the amendment. Congress used its power under the Commerce Clause to end segregation.