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14th Amendment
June 13, 1866 Thirty-ninth Congress approves the 14th Amendment to the Constitution
  14th Amendment [Full Text]
June 25, 1866 Connecticut approves the 14th Amendment Connecticut
July 6, 1866 New Hampshire ratifies the 14th Amendment New Hampshire
July 19, 1866 Tennessee ratifies the 14th Amendment. This quick ratification meant Tennessee would not suffer under 2nd Reconstruction Tennessee
September 11, 1866 New Jersey ratifies the 14th Amendment New Jersey
September 19, 1866 Oregon ratifies the 14th Amendment Oregon
October 27, 1866 Texas rejects the 14th Amendment Texas
October 30, 1866 Vermont ratifies the 14th Amendment Vermont
November 9, 1866 Georgia rejects the 14th Amendment Georgia
December 14, 1866 North Carolina rejects the 14th Amendment North Carolina
December 20, 1866 On the 6th anniversary of secession, South Carolina rejects the 14th Amendment South Carolina
January 4, 1867 Ohio ratifies the 14th Amendment Ohio
January 8, 1867 Kentucky rejects the 14th Amendment Kentucky
January 9, 1867 Virginia rejects the 14th Amendment Virginia
January 10, 1867 New York ratifies the 14th Amendment New York
January 11, 1867 Kansas ratifies the 14th Amendment Kansas
January 12, 1867 Pennsylvania ratifies the 14th Amendment Pennsylvania
January 15, 1867 Illinois ratifies the 14th Amendment Illinois
January 16, 1867 West Virginia ratifies the 14th Amendment West Virginia
January 16, 1867 Michigan ratifies the 14th Amendment Michigan
January 16, 1867 Minnesota ratifies the 14th Amendment
January 19, 1867 Maine ratifies the 14th Amendment Maine
January 22, 1867 Nevada ratifies the 14th Amendment
January 23, 1867 Indiana ratifies the 14th Amendment Indiana
January 25, 1867 Missouri ratifies the 14th Amendment Missouri
February 6, 1867 Louisiana rejects the 14th Amendment Louisiana
February 7, 1867 Wisconsin ratifies the 14th Amendment Wisconsin
February 8, 1867 Delaware rejects the 14th Amendment Delaware
March 20, 1867 Massachusetts ratifies the 14th Amendment Massachusetts
March 23, 1867 Maryland rejects the 14th Amendment Maryland
May 15, 1867 Nebraska ratifies the 14th Amendment
January 15, 1868 Ohio rescinds its ratification of the 14th Amendment when the Peace Democrats gain control of the legislature. The Federal government refuses to recognize the action and counts Ohio as for ratification Ohio
  Democratic Party
January 21, 1868 Mississippi rejects the 14th Amendment to the Constitution. Mississippi
March 16, 1868 Iowa ratifies the 14th Amendment Iowa
March 24, 1868 Following the ratification of the 14th Amendment, the New Jersey legislature voted through a resolution of rescission. Governor Marcus L. Ward then vetoed the recission. On this date, New Jersey readopted the recission over the governor's veto New Jersey
April 6, 1868 Arkansas ratifies the 14th Amendment Arkansas
June 9, 1868 Florida ratifies the 14th Amendment Florida
July 4, 1868 North Carolina ratifies the 14th Amendment North Carolina
July 9, 1868 Louisiana ratifies the 14th Amendment Louisiana
July 9, 1868 South Carolina ratifies the 14th Amendment South Carolina
July 13, 1868 Alabama ratifies the 14th Amendment Alabama
July 21, 1868 Georgia ratifies the 14th Amendment Georgia
July 28, 1868 The Secretary of State certifies the 14th Amendment has been approved by the required 28 of the 37 states.
  14th Amendment [Full Text]
October 15, 1868 Oregon rescinds its ratification of the 14th Amendment Oregon
October 8, 1869 Virgina ratifies the 14th Amendment Virginia
January 17, 1870 Mississippi ratifies the 14th Amendment Mississippi
February 18, 1870 Texas ratifies the 14th Amendment Texas
February 12, 1901 Delaware ratifies the 14th Amendment Delaware
April 4, 1959 Maryland ratifies the 14th Amendment Maryland
May 6, 1959 California ratifies the 14th Amendment California
March 18, 1976 Kentucky ratifies the 14th Amendment Kentucky
September 17, 2003 Ohio votes to ratify the 14th Amendment Ohio


The 14th Amendment to the Constitution of the United States.

This amendment requires the states to grant its citizens the same rights that are guarentted to citizens of the United States under the Constitution. The amendment, proposed and passed by the "Radical Republicans," precipitated Second Reconstrution.

The first section of the amendment was specifically designed to overturn the Dred Scott decision of the Taney Court and to negate the so-called "Black Codes" instituted by southern states following their ratification of the
13th Amendment. Interestingly, as some Northern states realized the impact of the this amendment, their legislatures revoked the ratification. Rights under the amendment, however, were eventually stripped from African-Americans in a series of rulings by the Supreme Court, including Plessy v.
Ferguson and Berea College v. Kentucky.

Interestingly when the Court overturned Plessy v. Ferguson in Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, it narrowly interpreted the Civil Rights clause of the amendment. Congress used its power under the Commerce Clause to end segregation.

Full text of the 14th Amendment

Links appearing on this page:

14th Amendment was added in 2005





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