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October 5, 1787 In accordance with the Northwest Ordinance (Ordinance of 1787), Congress (under the Articles of Confederation) selects Arthur St. Clair as governor of the Northwest Territory
October 5, 1857
October 6, 1857
Kansas free-staters win control of the legislative branch in elections Kansas
  Kansas becomes a state
October 5, 1860 Governor William Henry Gist notifies other Deep South states that South Carolina is considering secession as an option South Carolina
October 5, 1861 Major papers in London reflect the division over the American Civil War in Britain. In an editorial, the London Post backs an independent Southern Nation. Previously, the London Times had backed the Union.
October 5, 1862 Battle of Hatchie Bridge [US]
Battle of Metamora [CS]

Other names: Hatchie; Davis Bridge

Edward Ord [US] discovers Confederates retreating from Corinth. When Ord was severly wounded fighting paused as command passed to Stephen Hurlbut [US]. Sterling Price [CS] was able to escape.
Mississippi
  Sterling Price
  Edward O. C. Ord
October 5, 1863 Joe Wheeler cuts the railroad between Nashville and Chattanooga at Stones River. The loss is a major blow to the besieged Army of the Cumberland. Tennessee
  Battles for Chattanooga
  Army of the Cumberland
October 5, 1863 A torpedo attack on the USS New Ironsides by the CSS David in Charleston Harbor damages the ship, but the New Ironsides remains on duty, without repair until May, 1864. South Carolina
  USS New Ironsides
October 5, 1864 Battle of Allatoona Pass

Confederates under Samuel French attack entrenched Federals under John Corse protecting the Western and Atlantic Railroad. Union: 2000 engaged, 142 (k), 352 (w), 212 (m), 706 (c). Confederate: 2000 engaged, 122 (k), 443 (w), 234 (m), 799 (c)
Georgia
  Battle of Allatoona Pass
  John Bell Hood
  Western and Atlantic Railroad

Ongoing on this day:
June 15, 1864
April 2, 1865
Siege of Petersburg Virginia
  Robert E. Lee
  P. G. T. Beauregard
  Army of Northern Virginia
  Ulysses S. Grant
  Siege of Petersburg
April 12, 1861
May 10, 1865
The American Civil War
  The Civil War
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