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March 5, 1847 In Jones v. VanZandt, the Taney Supreme Court decided Congress has the power to control slavery
  Jones v. Van Zandt
  Roger B. Taney
March 5, 1861 The First Confederate Flag, known as the "Stars and Bars," is introduced
  Civil War Firsts
March 5, 1861 Texas secessionist convention accepts Confederate statehood Texas
March 5, 1867 Alexandria, Virginia rejects thousand of votes cast by Negroes, who were granted universal suffrage under the Reconstruction Act.

Ongoing on this day:
June 15, 1864
April 2, 1865
Siege of Petersburg Virginia
  Robert E. Lee
  P. G. T. Beauregard
  Army of Northern Virginia
  Ulysses S. Grant
  Siege of Petersburg
April 12, 1861
May 10, 1865
The American Civil War
  The Civil War
March 4, 1863
March 5, 1863
Battle of Spring Hill
Battle of Unionville

Confederate Cavalry under Earl Van Dorn and Nathan Bedford Forrest drive Union Cavalry off on the 4th, then surround and engage the remaining infantry. After heavy fighting on the 5th, the Union garrison surrenders.
Tennessee
  Nathan Bedford Forrest
  Earl Van Dorn
February 28, 1862
April 8, 1862
The Battle of New Madrid / Island No. 10

After withdrawing from New Madrid Confederates control Island No. 10, blocking shipping on the Mississippi. Over 5,000 Confederate soldiers on the island surrender to Major General John Pope on April 8.
  John Pope
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