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Civil War Timeline Chronology for March 4 Yesterday Tomorrow
March 4, 1824 In Harrisburg, the Pennsylvania Convention nominates Andy Jackson for President, and Calhoun for Vice-president. Calhoun subsequently withdraws from the race for President to run for Vice-President
Election of 1824
John C. Calhoun
March 4, 1841 William Henry Harrison is inaugurated President of the United States. John Tyler becomes Vice President
William Henry Harrison
March 4, 1850 Too ill to deliver his prepared text to the Senate against Clay's plan, John C. Calhoun listens as Virginia Senator James M. Mason reads the text for him.
Speech by John C. Calhoun, March 4, 1850
Compromise of 1850
John C. Calhoun
March 4, 1855 With the state legislature divided (the northern part of the state was abolitionist while the southern half was pro-slavery) Indiana begins an almost 2 year period without a U. S. Sentator
March 4, 1857 James Buchanan inaugurated President of the United States
March 4, 1861 Confederate Convention in Montgomery adopts the "Stars and Bars" as the nation's flag
Convention of Seceding States
March 4, 1861 Abraham Lincoln is inaugurated President of the United States. 7 states had already seceded.
March 4, 1862 Over what is generally regarded as a communication problem, Halleck relieves Grant from command and replaces him with Charles Ferguson Smith.
Ulysses S. Grant
March 4, 1863 March 5, 1863 Battle of Spring Hill
Battle of Unionville
Confederate Cavalry under Earl Van Dorn and Nathan Bedford Forrest drive Union Cavalry off on the 4th, then surround and engage the remaining infantry. After heavy fighting on the 5th, the Union garrison surrenders.
Nathan Bedford Forrest
Earl Van Dorn
March 4, 1864 Republican Michael Hahn is inaugrated governor of Louisiana.
March 4, 1864 The Confederate States of America adopts the Stars and Bars as its official flag
Flags of the Civil War
March 4, 1865 Lincoln outlines his second term talking directly to the Confederate people "...with malice toward none; with charity for all..." Andrew Johnson, replacing Henry Hamlin as Vice-president gives a rambling, drunk speech. He had been given too much whiskey as medicine by a doctor.
Lincoln's Second Inaugural Speech [Full Text]
March 4, 1865 "Parson" Brownlow is elected the first post-war governor of Tennessee
March 4, 1869 Ulysses S. Grant inaugurated President of the United States
March 4, 1883 Vice President of the Confederate States of America Alexander Stephens dies in Atlanta.
Alexander Stephens Ongoing on this day:
June 15, 1864 April 2, 1865 Siege of Petersburg
Robert E. Lee
P. G. T. Beauregard
Army of Northern Virginia
Ulysses S. Grant
Siege of Petersburg
April 12, 1861 May 10, 1865 The American Civil War
The Civil War
March 3, 1854 March 4, 1854 Stephen Douglas stands his ground in the Senate as he closes debate on the Kansas-Nebraska Act. Biographers consider this to be one of his shining moments. Finally, at 5:00 am on the 4th, the Senate passes the bill, 37 to 14
Stephen A. Douglas
February 28, 1862 April 8, 1862 The Battle of New Madrid / Island No. 10
After withdrawing from New Madrid Confederates control Island No. 10, blocking shipping on the Mississippi. Over 5,000 Confederate soldiers on the island surrender to Major General John Pope on April 8.
John Pope Yesterday Tomorrow