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Civil War Timeline
Chronology for July 1

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July 1, 1805 David Farragut born, Knoxville, Tennessee
  David Farragut
July 1, 1805 Joseph Totten graduated from West Point (3/3)
July 1, 1814 James Wolfe Ripley (12/30) and Charles Mynn Thurston(15/30) graduate from West Point
July 1, 1815 Samuel Cooper (36/40) graduates from West Point
July 1, 1818 Second Bank of the United States switches from expansionary to deflationary by requiring payment from state banks in gold.
  Panic of 1819
July 1, 1818 Richard Delafield (1/23) graduates from West Point
July 1, 1819 Daniel Tyler (14/29) graduates from West Point
July 1, 1820 At a convention in St. Louis, Missouri passes a pro-slave state constitution. Missouri
  Missouri Compromise (Compromise of 1820)
July 1, 1820 John Henry Winder (11/30) and George Douglas Ramsay (26/30) graduate from West Point
July 1, 1823 George Sears Greene (2/35) and Lorenzo Thomas (17) graduate from West Point
July 1, 1825 Daniel Smith Donelson (5/37), Benjamin Huger (8), Robert Anderson (15), Charles Ferguson Smith (19) and William Reading Montgomery (28) graduated from West Point
  Benjamin Huger
July 1, 1836 Graduating from West Point in a class of 49 students, Joseph R. Anderson (4),
July 1, 1837 Entering West Point in the class of 1841, Don Carlos Buell,
  Don Carlos Buell
July 1, 1838 The West Point class of 1838 contains P. G. T Beauregard (2), Irwin McDowell (23), William Hardee (26), and Carter Stevenson (42).
  P. G. T. Beauregard
July 1, 1842 West Point Class of 1846 includes George B. McClellan, Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson,
  George McClellan
  Stonewall Jackson
July 1, 1846 Graduating from West Point (rank): George B. McClellan (2), John Gray Foster (4), Jesse Lee Reno (8), Darius Nash Couch (13) Thomas Jonathan Jackson later Stonewall Jackson(17), Truman Seymour (19), Charles Champion Gilbert (21), John Adams (25), Samuel Davis Sturgis (32), George Stoneman (33), William Duncan Smith (35) Dabney Herndon Maury (37), Innis Newton Palmer (38), David Rumph Jones (41), Alfred Gibbs (42), George Henry Gordon (43), Cadmus Marcellus Wilcox (54), William Montgomery Gardner (55), Samuel Bell Maxey (58), George Edward Pickett (59)
  George McClellan
  Darius Couch
  Stonewall Jackson
  George Stoneman
July 1, 1862 Naval assault on Fort McAllister Georgia
  Fort McAllister
July 1, 1862 Battle of Malvern Hill
Battle of Malvern Cliffs

Robert E. Lee [CS] attacked George B. McClellan [U.S.], whose men made a gallant stand in front of the James River. Lee called off his attack after failing to break the Union line.
  George McClellan
  Robert E. Lee
  Lafayette McLaws
  Seven Days Retreat
  Battle of Malvern Hill
  Fitz-John Porter
  Darius Couch
July 1, 1862 President Lincoln signs the Pacific Railway Act, incorporating the Union Pacific Railroad and subsidizing it with federal funds
  Abraham Lincoln
July 1, 1862 [circa] General David Hunter organizes the 1st South Carolina Regiment. It will later become the 33rd U. S. Colored Infantry.
July 1, 1862 United States public debt exceeds $500 million for the first time.
July 1, 1863
July 3, 1863
Battle of Gettysburg

General Robert E. Lee [CS] advances into Pennsylvania where he meets George Meade [US]. First battling north of the city, by the second day Union forces had retreated south, forming a strong line as men arrived almost continuously. On the third day, the infamous Pickett's Charge marked the end of the Confederates hope for a victory

The bloodiest three days in American history
  Bloodiest Civil War battles
  Robert E. Lee
  John Bell Hood
  James Longstreet
  George Meade
  Army of Northern Virginia
  Army of the Potomac
  J. E. B. Stuart
  Lafayette McLaws
  Winfield Scott Hancock
  George Armstrong Custer
  Battle of Gettysburg
  Richard Ewell
  George Pickett
  John Reynolds
  The Gettysburg Campaign
  Early action at Herbst Woods
  James Archer
  George Armstrong Custer
  Jubal Anderson Early
July 1, 1863 General John Reynolds is killed west of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. Less than a month earlier, Abraham Lincoln had offered him command of the Army of the Potomac
  Generals Who Died In the Civil War
  John Reynolds
  Gettysburg Chronology, July 1, 1863
  Battle of Gettysburg
July 1, 1864 Abraham Lincoln appoints William Pitt Fessenden, Senator from Maine, as Secretary of the Treasury. He is immediately confirmed
July 1, 1864 Already passed in the U. S. House, the Senate approves the Wade-Davis Reconstruction Bill 26-3 with 20 abstentions. Lincoln will pocket veto the bill. Radical Republicans had been unhappy with Reconstruction efforts in Louisiana and Arkansas requiring 10 per cent of previous voters approval to restore a state
  Republican Party
July 1, 1889 Frederick Douglass is appointed U. S. Minister to Haiti
  Frederick Douglass
July 1, 1891 Control of the Weather Bureau passes from the Signal Corps to the Department of Agriculture
July 1, 1928 War Department transfers Ford's Theater to the Office of Public Buildings and Public Parks
  Ford's Theater

Ongoing on this day:
June 15, 1864
April 2, 1865
Siege of Petersburg Virginia
  Robert E. Lee
  P. G. T. Beauregard
  Army of Northern Virginia
  Ulysses S. Grant
  Siege of Petersburg
April 12, 1861
May 10, 1865
The American Civil War
  The Civil War
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