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Chronology for January 10

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January 10, 1861 Florida secedes from the Union. They simply replace the term "United States" with "Confederate States" in their constitution Florida
  Confederate Order of Secession
  Florida Ordinance of Secession
January 10, 1861 Major Anderson at Fort Sumter receives orders telling him to maintain a defensive position but to defend the fort. South Carolina
  Fort Sumter
  Robert Anderson
January 10, 1862 With McClellan ill, Abraham Lincoln calls a White House meeting with Irvin McDowell, William Franklin, Salmon Chase, Edwin Stanton, and Thomas Scott. Lincoln told them "..if McClellan is not going to use the Army anytime soon, I would like to borrow it."
  Abraham Lincoln
  George McClellan
  Edwin Stanton
  Salmon P. Chase
January 10, 1862 Federal forces under "Old Ben" Kelley withdraw from Romney West Virginia
  Romney Campaign
  Stonewall Jackson
January 10, 1862 Battle of Middle Creek Kentucky
  Battle of Middle Creek
  James Garfield
January 10, 1863
January 11, 1863
Battle of Arkansas Post
Battle of Fort Hindman

General John McClernand [US] defeats Brigadier General T. J. Churchill [CS] at Fort Hindman or Arkansas Post. Defending the outpost on the Arkansas River, 5,000 Confederates are surrounded by a force of 50,000 Union troops, and a U. S. Naval squadron under the command of Admiral David Porter. The Navy silenced the Confederate artillery and McClernand attacked, gaining the outer walls. The Confederates then surrendered.
  John A. McClernand
  First Vicksburg Campaign
  William Tecumseh Sherman
January 10, 1867 New York ratifies the 14th Amendment New York
  14th Amendment
January 10, 1869 [circa] At Fort Cobb, in response to Comanche Chief Toch-a-way's remark "Me good Indian," Phil Sheridan replies, "The only good Indian is a dead Indian." Missouri
  Philip Sheridan

Ongoing on this day:
June 15, 1864
April 2, 1865
Siege of Petersburg Virginia
  Robert E. Lee
  P. G. T. Beauregard
  Army of Northern Virginia
  Ulysses S. Grant
  Siege of Petersburg
April 12, 1861
May 10, 1865
The American Civil War
  The Civil War
January 8, 1811
January 10, 1811
Slaves under Charles Deslondes revolt. Louisiana
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