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July 25, 1861 With his troops enlistment expiring, Robert Patterson is relieved of duty in the Shenandoah Valley. He had failed to hold Joseph Johnston in Winchester to prevent Johnston from moving east to support Beauregard at Bull Run.
July 25, 1861 The U. S. Congress approves the use of volunteers to put down the rebellion
July 25, 1861 The Crittenden Resolution passes in Congress. This states the Preservation of the Union is the reason for the Civil War
July 25, 1863 Department of East Tennessee, comprised of 17,800 men under Simon Bolivar Buckner, is merged into Braxton Bragg's Department of Tennessee. Major General Buckner is assign command of a corps.
Simon Bolivar Buckner
July 25, 1866 Congress establishes "general of the armies" and Ulysses S. Grant is immediately promoted to 4-star general and put in this position. William Tecumseh Sherman assumes the rank of Lt. General.
Ulysses S. Grant
General-in-Chief, U. S. Army
William Tecumseh Sherman
July 25, 1866 Congress creates the rank of Admiral. David Farragut is appointed to that rank
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