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Civil War battles in Virginia

June 3, 1861 Battle of Philippi

First land engagement of the Civil War between American and Confederate forces
West Virginia
Virginia
  George McClellan
  Philippi
  Operations in Western Virginia
  Civil War Firsts
August 26, 1861 Battle of (Kessler's) Cross Lanes

General John Floyd routs an Ohio regiment
Virginia
  John Floyd
  Operations in Western Virginia
October 3, 1861 Battle of Greenbriar Virginia
  Operations in Western Virginia
October 21, 1861 Battle of Leesburg [CS]
Battle of Ball's Bluff [US]
Battle of Harrison Island [US]

General Nathan Evans [CS] defeats General Charles Stone [US]. Oregon Senator Edward Baker, field commander, becomes the first (and only) sitting senator to die in battle.
Virginia
  Battle of Ball's Bluff
  Civil War Firsts
March 9, 1862 Battle of Hampton Roads

The duel of the ironclads, The Monitor and The Merrimac (CSS Virginia). First use of a turreted gun.
Virginia
  Hampton Roads
  Civil War Firsts
March 23, 1862 Battle of Kernstown

In the first battle of the Shenandoah Campaign, Major General Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson [CS] loses to Brig. General James Shields [US]
Virginia
  Stonewall Jackson
April 16, 1862 Battle of Dam No. 1

Attempting to break the Yorktown Line, forces under General Winfield Scott Hancock [CS] engage General John Magruder [CS]. This battle is sometimes noted as the Battle of Lee's Mill or Burnt Chimneys.
Virginia
  Lafayette McLaws
  Siege of Yorktown
  Peninsula Campaign
  John Magruder
May 5, 1862 Battle of Williamsburg

Major General James Longstreet [CS] nearly defeats Major General "Fighting Joe" Hooker [US] during a rear-guard action.
Virginia
  Peninsula Campaign
  James Longstreet
  Lafayette McLaws
  George McClellan
  Battle of Williamsburg
  William Farrar Smith
  Winfield Scott Hancock
  Jubal Anderson Early
  Joseph Hooker
  Samuel Garland
  Samuel Heintzelman
May 7, 1862 Battle of West Point
Battle of Eltham's Landing

General William B. Franklin [US] skirmishes with General John Bell Hood [CS]
Virginia
  John Bell Hood
  William B. Franklin
  Peninsula Campaign
May 23, 1862 Battle of Front Royal Virginia
  Stonewall Jackson
May 25, 1862 Battle of Winchester,

Stonewall Jackson [CS] defeats Nathaniel Banks [US]
Virginia
  Stonewall Jackson
  Nathaniel Banks
May 27, 1862 Battle of Hanover Court House Virginia
  George McClellan
  Peninsula Campaign
  Gouverneur K. Warren
  Fitz-John Porter
May 31, 1862
June 1, 1862
Battle of Seven Pines [US]
Battle of Fair Oaks [CS]
Virginia
  Joseph E. Johnston
  George McClellan
  Peninsula Campaign
  Battle of Fair Oaks - Seven Pines
  James Longstreet
  Edwin Vose Sumner
  John B. Gordon
  Oliver O. Howard
  Daniel Harvey Hill
  Benjamin Huger
  John Sedgwick
  Samuel Garland
  Darius Couch
May 31, 1862 Joseph E. Johnston severly wounded during the Battle of Fair Oaks Virginia
  Joseph E. Johnston
June 6, 1862 Battle of Harrisonburg Virginia
June 8, 1862 Battle of Cross Keys
Battle of Union Church

While Robert Ewell [CS] defeated John Fremont [US], Stonewall Jackson guarded Ewell's rear against an attack by James Shields [US].
Virginia
  John C. Fremont
  Stonewall Jackson
June 9, 1862 Battle of Port Republic

Leaving a brigade to protect against action by Fremont, Robert Ewell [CS] crosses the Shenandoah in support of Stonewall Jackson [CS] in his action againt James Shields [US], resulting in a Confederate victory
Virginia
  Stonewall Jackson
June 25, 1862 Battle of Oak Grove
Battle of The Orchards

Joseph Hooker [US] tries to push forward to gain ground for better positioning of McClellan's siege guns
Virginia
  George McClellan
  Seven Days Retreat
  Battle of Oak Grove
  Joseph Hooker
  Benjamin Huger
June 25, 1862
July 1, 1862
A series of closely linked battles known as The Seven Days Battle or The Seven Day Retreat start near Mechanicsville as the Army of the Potomac begins its advance to Richmond. Virginia
  George McClellan
  Seven Days Retreat
  Robert E. Lee
June 26, 1862 Battle of Mechanicsville [CS]
Battle of Beaver Dam Creek [US]
Battle of Ellerson's Mill [Alternate]
Battle of Ellison's Mill [Alternate:misspelling]

Daniel Harvey Hill [CS] attacks Fitz-John Porter [US].
Virginia
  Seven Days Retreat
  George McClellan
  Battle of Beaver Dam Creek
  Fitz-John Porter
  A. P. Hill
  Robert E. Lee
  George Meade
  John Reynolds
June 27, 1862 Battle of Gaines Mill [US]
Battle of First Cold Harbor [CS]
Battle of the Chickahominy [Alternate]

John Bell Hood [CS] and George Pickett [CS] breakthrough Fitz John Porter's [US] line, forcing Union troops south of the Chickahominy River and severing McClellan's supply line to Eltham's Landing (White House, West Point)
Virginia
  Seven Days Retreat
  John Bell Hood
  Battle of Gaines Mill
  Daniel Harvey Hill
  A. P. Hill
  Fitz-John Porter
  Gouverneur K. Warren
  George Pickett
  George Meade
  John Reynolds
June 29, 1862 Battle of Savage's Station Virginia
  George McClellan
  Lafayette McLaws
  Seven Days Retreat
  Edwin Vose Sumner
  Battle of Savage's Station
June 29, 1862 Battle of Peach Orchard
Battle of Orchard Station [Alt.]
Battle of Allen's Farm [Alt.]
Virginia
  Seven Days Retreat
  John Magruder
  Edwin Vose Sumner
July 1, 1862 Battle of Malvern Hill
Battle of Malvern Cliffs

Robert E. Lee [CS] attacked George B. McClellan [U.S.], whose men made a gallant stand in front of the James River. Lee called off his attack after failing to break the Union line.
Virginia
  George McClellan
  Robert E. Lee
  Lafayette McLaws
  Seven Days Retreat
  Battle of Malvern Hill
  Fitz-John Porter
  Darius Couch
August 9, 1862 Battle of Cedar Mountain [US]
Battle of Slaughter Mountain [CS]
Other names: Cedar Run, Cedar Run Mountain, Southwest Mountain

Stonewall Jackson [CS] defeats Nathaniel Banks [US].
Virginia
  A. P. Hill
  Northern Virginia Campaign
  Jubal Anderson Early
  Battle of Cedar Mountain
  Richard Ewell
  Army of Virginia
  Nathaniel Banks
August 27, 1862 Battle of Kettle Run Virginia
  Northern Virginia Campaign
  Second Manassas - Second Bull Run
  Joseph Hooker
August 29, 1862
August 30, 1862
Second Manassas[CS]
Second Bull Run[US]

General John Pope [US] lost to General Robert E. Lee[CS]. General James Longstreet's [CS] 28,000 man assault on August 30 was the largest simultaneous assault of the war in this Confederate victory.

Union losses 13,830

Confederate losses 8,350

Also includes: Manassas Plains, Gainesville
Virginia
  James Longstreet
  Robert E. Lee
  Stonewall Jackson
  Army of Northern Virginia
  Second Manassas - Second Bull Run
  Fitz-John Porter
  Northern Virginia Campaign
  John Pope
  Gouverneur K. Warren
  John Reynolds
  Army of Virginia
  Joseph Hooker
  Samuel Heintzelman
September 1, 1862 Battle of Chantilly
Union Major General Phillip Kearny [US] is shot and killed when he crosses Rebel lines while riding his horse. Gen Issac I. Stevens [US] is also killed
Virginia
  Generals Who Died In the Civil War
  Battle of Chantilly
September 12, 1862
September 15, 1862
Battle of Harpers Ferry

Stonewall Jackson takes 12,000 prisoners
Maryland
Virginia
  Stonewall Jackson
  Battle of Harpers Ferry
  Harpers Ferry
  Lafayette McLaws
  Antietam
September 19, 1862
September 20, 1862
Skirmishes at Shepherdstown, Ashby's Gap, Williamsport, and Hagerstown, as Confederates under A. P. Hill covered the retreat of the Army of Northern Virginia from Sharpsburg. Lee would keep a heavy cavalry presence in the area until October. Maryland
Virginia
West Virginia
  Antietam
  A. P. Hill
  Army of Northern Virginia
March 17, 1863 Battle of Kelly's Ford.

Federal cavalry under William Woods Averall crossed the ford of the Rappahannock River then ran into a Rebel line. After brief but heavy fighting, the Yankees withdrew that afternoon. Major John "The Gallant" Pelham [CS] was killed in this battle. He would posthumously be promoted to Lt. Colonel.
Virginia
April 12, 1863 Siege of Suffolk

General James Longstreet surrounds Suffolk in southeastern Virginia
Virginia
  James Longstreet
May 1, 1863
May 4, 1863
Battle of Chancellorsville

General "Fighting Joe" Hooker's Army of the Potomac is defeated by Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia as it crosses the Rappahannock on the way to Richmond

Union: 17,268

Confederate: 12,821
Virginia
  Robert E. Lee
  Joseph Hooker
  Bloodiest Civil War battles
  Stonewall Jackson
  Army of Northern Virginia
  Army of the Potomac
  Lafayette McLaws
  Chancellorsville
  John Reynolds
  Darius Couch
  George Stoneman
May 3, 1863 Second Battle of Fredericksburg

John Sedgwick drives Jubal Early south past the city of Fredericksburg. The following day, as Early prepares to counterattack he finds the city empty. Sedgwick had followed the river west to aid the Army of the Potomac at Chancellorsville
Virginia
  Jubal Anderson Early
  John Sedgwick
  Chancellorsville
June 9, 1863 Battle of Brandy Station

Largest cavalry battle on American soil pitted Alfred Pleasonton [US] against Jeb Stuart [CS].
Virginia
  J. E. B. Stuart
  The Gettysburg Campaign
June 13, 1863
June 15, 1863
Battle of Winchester

Ordered to withdraw because of the approach of the Army of Northern Virginia, Major General Robert Milroy [US] tried to hold his position in Winchester. By afternoon on the 14th, he realized his mistake and decided to withdraw that evening. Dick Ewell [CS] ordered a division to camp north of the town to prevent such a move and Milroy found himself trapped. Confederates captured or killed the 6000 men in the city.
Virginia
  Richard Ewell
  The Gettysburg Campaign
  Army of Northern Virginia
October 19, 1863 In an all-cavalry battle, J. E. B. Stuart [CS] routed Judson Kilpatrick [US] in the battle of Buckland Mills (sometimes called the Buckland Races) Virginia
  J. E. B. Stuart
November 7, 1863 Battle of Rappahanock Station
Battle of Kelly's Ford

George Meade, re-armed and re-supplied, crosses the Rappahannock and begins advancing on the Army of Northern Virginia. Although only two engagements were large enough to be called battles, heavy skirmishing marked the day.
Virginia
  George Meade
May 5, 1864
May 7, 1864
Battle of the Wilderness

Ulysses S. Grant [US] is badly beaten on the field by Robert E. Lee [CS] but rather than retreat, Grant advances to Spotsylvania Court House.

Union: 17,666

Confederate: 7,750
Virginia
  Bloodiest Civil War battles
  Robert E. Lee
  Ulysses S. Grant
  Army of Northern Virginia
  Overland Campaign
  James Longstreet
  Winfield Scott Hancock
  A. P. Hill
  Richard Ewell
  Gouverneur K. Warren
  John Sedgwick
May 6, 1864 A half-hearted attack by the Army of the James on the Southside Railroad is repulsed by George Pickett [CS] Virginia
  George Pickett
  Army of the James
May 8, 1864
May 19, 1864
Battle of Spotsylvania Court House

In an inconclusive battle, General Ulysses S. Grant [US] and Robert E. Lee [CS] battle for days southwest of Fredericksburg

Union 18,399
Confederate 9,000
Virginia
  Robert E. Lee
  Ulysses S. Grant
  Bloodiest Civil War battles
  Army of Northern Virginia
  Overland Campaign
  Richard Ewell
June 15, 1864
April 2, 1865
Siege of Petersburg Virginia
  Robert E. Lee
  P. G. T. Beauregard
  Army of Northern Virginia
  Ulysses S. Grant
  Siege of Petersburg
June 17, 1864
June 18, 1864
Battle of Richmond Turnpike Virginia
  Siege of Petersburg
June 21, 1864
June 22, 1864
Battle of Meade Station Virginia
  Siege of Petersburg
July 30, 1864 Battle of the Crater or Crater Battle

After blowing explosives at the end of a 586-foot tunnel which in turn ignited four magazines, Union troops advance to the Crater at Petersburg. After 4 hours, though, they are forced to withdraw.
Virginia
  Siege of Petersburg
  Ambrose Burnside
August 18, 1864
August 19, 1864
Battle of the Weldon Railroad

After gaining the railroad, 5th Corps commander G. K. Warren [US] spread out over a mile of track, then turned north towards Petersburg, but the didn't get far before Henry Heth's [CS] Confederates stopped them. A counterattack by A. P. Hill the next day contained Warren's advances, but in the end federal troops still controlled the railroad
Virginia
  Siege of Petersburg
August 25, 1864 Battle of Reams Station

A. P. Hill [CS] continued his attempts to retake the Weldon Railroad, a vital supply link from Petersburg to North Carolina. Hill drove back the 2nd Corps under General Winfield Scott Hancock and although the battle is considered to be a Southern victory, Hancock's men continued to hold its position on the railroad
Virginia
  Siege of Petersburg
  A. P. Hill
  Winfield Scott Hancock
September 30, 1864 Battle of Poplar Springs Church

G. K. Warren's [US] 5th Corps and John Parke's [US] 9th Corps are attacked by A. P. Hill [CS] at Squirrel Level Road southwest of Petersburg. Warren and Parke did extend the siege lines.
Virginia
  Siege of Petersburg
  A. P. Hill
October 27, 1864 Battle of Hatcher's Run Virginia
  Siege of Petersburg
October 27, 1864 Battle of Burgess Mill Virginia
  Siege of Petersburg
December 6, 1864 Battle of Stoney Creek Virginia
  Siege of Petersburg
March 25, 1865 Battle of Fort Stedman

Confederates break Union line at Petersburg

General John B. Gordon captured Fort Stedman, a Union outpost on the line around besieged Petersburg, eventually punching a hole 3/4 of mile wide. Confederate units then made a desperate attempt to hit the federal supply base at City Point. With overwhelming force the federal troops turned back the advance, recaptured the fort and retook the lines
Virginia
  Siege of Petersburg
March 31, 1865 Battle of White Oak Road Virginia
  Siege of Petersburg
April 4, 1865 Battle of Jetersville Virginia
April 8, 1865 Battle of Appomattox Station

Cavalry under Phillip Sheridan strikes the rail depot south of the Appomattox Court House, driving Rebels back and capturing essential supplies
Virginia
  Appomattox (or Appomattox Court House)
  Battle of Appomattox
  Philip Sheridan
  George Armstrong Custer
April 9, 1865 After attempting to break-out of the Union envelopment, Robert E. Lee surrenders the Army of Northern Virginia to Ulysess S. Grant at the home of Wilmer McLean in Appomattox Court House Virginia
  Ulysses S. Grant
  Robert E. Lee
  Appomattox (or Appomattox Court House)
  Battle of Appomattox
  Surrender At Appomattox
  George Armstrong Custer
  James Longstreet
  Edward O. C. Ord
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